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Geography Set 1 2016-2017 ICSE Class 10 Question Paper Solution

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Geography [Set 1]
Marks: 80Date: 2017-03-20
Duration: 2h

Question 1 and Question 2 is compulsory.

Attempt any five questions from Question 3 to Questions 11


[20]1
[10]2

On an outline map of India provided:
(a) Draw and name the Tropic of Cancer.
(b) Label the river Godavari.
(c) Mark and name the Garo Hills.
(d) Mark C on the coal fields of Jharia.
(e) Mark with an arrow and name the NE monsoon over the Bay of Bengal.
(f) Shade and name the Gulf of Kutch.
(g) Shade and name the coastal plain that receives rainfall in October and November.
(h) Mark with a dot and name Delhi.
(i) Shade a region with Black Cotton Soil.
(j) Use an arrow to point at a densely populated state in South India.

Concept: Concept of Outline Map of India
Chapter: [0.02] Map of India
[10]3
[2]3.1

Mention the four seasons that prevail in India stating the months for each

Concept: Seasons –March to May – Summer
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[2]3.2

State the agricultural benefits derived from: The Westerly Depressions in Punjab

Concept: Concept of Indian Agriculture ( Importance, Problems and Reforms.)
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

State the agricultural benefits derived from: The Kalbaisakhi in Assam

Concept: Concept of Indian Agriculture ( Importance, Problems and Reforms.)
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]3.3

Give a reason for each of the following:

Kolkata receives heavier rain than Lucknow.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate

Give a reason for each of the following:

The Summer Monsoon winds blow over the Arabian Sea from the South West.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate

Give a reason for each of the following:

Thar is a desert

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[3]3.4

Study the climatic data given below and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature
in °C
12.0 25.5 26.3 27.1 30.0 36.2 36.0 35.9 30.3 28.4 21.0 16.6
Rainfall cm 1.5 0.1 0.0 1.4 1.1 21.0 25.3 27.2 24.0 9.4 1.5 0.4

1) What is the annual range of temperature of the station?

2) What is the total annual rainfall experienced by the station?

3) Why would it be correct to presume that the station lies in the interior and not on the coast?

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[10]4
[2]4.1

Mention two differences between Alluvial Soil and Black Cotton Soil.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[2]4.2

Name an area in India in which each of the following processes takes place.

Sheet erosion

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

Name an area in India in which each of the following processes takes place

Gully erosion

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[3]4.3

What is soil conservation?

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

State a method of soil conservation in the Arid and Semi-Arid region

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

State a method of soil conservation in the River valleys prone to floods

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[3]4.4

Name the soil which is good for cultivation of sugarcane.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

Name the soil which is acidic in nature.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

Name the soil which occurs ex situ

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[10]5
[2]5.1

How do trees in the Tropical desert forests adapt themselves to the dry climate?

Concept: Factors Influencing/Affecting the Climate
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[2]5.2

Name the tree as per the characteristics are given below

The wood is hard and suitable for shipbuilding

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Name the tree as per the characteristics are given below

The stilt roots are underwater during high tide.

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[3]5.3

Explain why the forest cover in India is shrinking?

Concept: Concept for Forest Conservation
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[3]5.4

Name the natural vegetation found in the following regions:

The western slopes of the Western Ghats

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Name the natural vegetation found in the following regions:

The Nilgiris

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Name the natural vegetation found in the following regions:

Western Rajasthan

Concept: Vegetation Distribution and Correlation with Their Environment.
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[10]6
[2]6.1

Give a reason for the significance of irrigation in Punjab

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Give a reason for the significance of irrigation in Rajasthan

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[2]6.2

Name a state where Tube wells are common.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Name a state where Tank irrigation is popular

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3]6.3

Give one geographical reason for each of the following:

Sprinkler irrigation is practised in arid and semi-arid regions.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Give one geographical reason for each of the following:

A tube well should be installed in a fertile and productive region.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Give one geographical reason for each of the following:

Canal irrigation is more suitable in the Northern Plains.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3]6.4

Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow:

1) Name the activity shown in the diagram.

2) Give two objectives of the activity named in (d) (i).

Concept: Concept of Rainwater Harvesting (Importance)
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[10]7
[2]7.1

Give the names of four important iron ores found in India.

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[2]7.2

Name the following: An offshore oil field in the Gulf of Cambay.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps

Name the following: An oil refinery in Bihar.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[3]7.3

Name the state that produces the largest amount of limestone.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps

State the two uses of limestone

Concept: Types of Minerals
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[3]7.4

State an important industrial use of Manganese

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources

State an important industrial use of Coal

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources

State an important industrial use of Aluminum.

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[10]8
[2]8.1

What is mixed farming?

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Mention any one benefit of mixed farming.

Concept: Types of Farming - Subsistence and Commercial: Shifting, Intensive, Extensive, Plantation and Mixed.
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[2]8.2

Give the Geographical requirement for the cultivation of Sugarcane.

Concept: Concept of Indian Agriculture ( Importance, Problems and Reforms.)
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]8.3

Explain the following terms and name the crop with which each one is associated:

Retting

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Explain the following terms and name the crop with which each one is associated:
Ratooning

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Explain the following terms and name the crop with which each one is associated:

Ginning

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]8.4

Give the geographical reason for the following:

Regular pruning is essential for tea bushes.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Give the geographical reason for the following:

Coffee beans are roasted.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Give the geographical reason for the following:

Millets are known as dry crops.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[10]9
[2]9.1

Differentiate between mineral based industry and agro-based industry giving one example for each.

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[2]9.2

Though Uttar Pradesh has the largest number of sugar mills yet Maharashtra is the largest producer of sugar. Give any two reasons to justify the statement.

Concept: Climatic Conditions of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]9.3

Give the geographical term for each of the following:

Non- mulberry silk produced in Madhya Pradesh.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Give the geographical term for each of the following:

Rejected cane after crushing.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Give the geographical term for each of the following:

The rearing of silkworms to obtain silk.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]9.4

With reference to cotton textile industry answer the following:

Give two reasons why Mumbai is an important cotton textile industry.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

With reference to cotton textile industry answer the following:

Mention two more important centres of cotton textile industry in India.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[10]10
[2]10.1

The Iron and Steel industry constitutes the backbone of the modern industrial economy’. Give two reasons to justify the statement.

Concept: Mineral Based Industry – Iron and Steel (Tisco, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[2]10.2

Name an iron and steel industry set up in Orissa with the help of a famous German firm.

From where does the industry name get its iron ore and manganese?

Concept: Mineral Based Industry – Iron and Steel (Tisco, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3]10.3

Name a manufacturing centre for each of the following industries:

Aircraft

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport

Name a manufacturing centre for each of the following industries:

HMT

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport

Name a manufacturing centre for each of the following industries:

Railway coaches

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[3]10.4

Name two products each of the following:

petrochemical industry

Concept: Petro Chemical and Electronics
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Name two products each of the following:

heavy engineering industry

Concept: Petro Chemical and Electronics
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Name two products each of the following: electronic industry

Concept: Petro Chemical and Electronics
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[10]11
[2]11.1

Mention two reasons why more people use railways rather than airways.

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[2]11.2

Why is inland waterway declining in its importance?

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[3]11.3

What do you mean by the following:

Sewage

Concept: Need and Methods for Reducing, Reusing and Recycling Waste.
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

What do you mean by the following:

Eutrophication

Concept: Need and Methods for Reducing, Reusing and Recycling Waste.
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

What do you mean by the following: Recycling

Concept: Need and Methods for Reducing, Reusing and Recycling Waste.
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[3]11.4

‘Methane is an air pollutant that causes Greenhouse effect’. Name three sources of this gas.

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Pollution
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

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