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Geography 2015-2016 ICSE Class 10 Question Paper Solution

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Geography
Marks: 80Date: 2016-03-11
Duration: 2h

Question 1 and Question 2 is compulsory.

Attempt any five questions from Question 3 to Questions 11


[20]1
[10]2

On the outline map of India provided:

(a) Draw and number the Standard Meridian of India.
(b) Label the river Mahanadi.
(c) Mark and name Lake Chilka.
(d) Shade and name the Gulf of Mannar.
(e) Mark and name the Vindhya Mountains.
(f) Shade and name a sparsely populated region in western India
(g) Shade a region with alluvial soil in South India.
(h) Mark and name Kolkata.
(i) Mark with arrows and name South West Monsoon winds over the Bay of Bengal.
(j) Mark and name Mumbai High.

Concept: Concept of Outline Map of India
Chapter: [0.02] Map of India
[10]3
[2]3.1

What is the name given to the climate of India? Mention any two factors responsible for such a type of climate.

Concept: Factors Influencing/Affecting the Climate
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[2]3.2

Name the following: The winds that bring heavy rain to Cherrapunji

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate

Name the following: The local wind that brings a light rainfall to South India and is good for tea and
coffee crops.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[3]3.3

Give geographical reasons for each of the following

Kanpur has extreme temperature conditions.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate

Give geographical reasons for each of the following:

Kochi is warmer than Mumbai even though both lie on the western coast of India.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate

Give geographical reasons for each of the following:

The Ganga Plains gets the monsoon rain much later than the west coast of India.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[3]3.4

Study the climatic data of station x given below and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature
in °C
24.5 25.7 27.7 28.4 30.0 36.2 31.0 30.2 29.8 28.0 25.9 24.7
Rainfall cm 4.6 1.6 1.7 2.4 2.8 4.6 8.6 11.4 11.8 30.6 35.0 13.9

1) Calculate the total annual rainfall experienced by the station.

2) What is the annual range of temperature

3) On which coast of India does the station lie? Give the reason for your answer.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[10]4
[2]4.1

What is soil erosion? Mention two steps that could be taken to prevent soil erosion.

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[2]4.2

Mention two similarities between red soil and laterite soil.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[3]4.3

Giver a geographical reason for the each of the following:

Alluvial soil differs in texture.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

Giver a geographical reason for the each of the following:

Black soil does not get leached.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

Giver a geographical reason for the each of the following:

Khadar is more fertile than banghar.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[3]4.4

Define the following:

Sheet erosion

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

What is soil conservation?

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

Define the following:

In situ soil

Concept: Soil Erosion – Causes, Prevention and Conservation
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[10]5
[2]5.1

Name the forest which is commercially most important in India.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Name two trees which grow in this forest.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[2]5.2

Name the forests which grow on the windward slope of the Western Ghats.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Why do tropical evergreen forests grow in Western Ghats region?

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[3]5.3

To which type of forest do the following trees belong?

Hintal and Sundari

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

To which type of forest do the following trees belong?

Rosewood and Ebony

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

To which type of forest do the following trees belong?

Deodar and Chir Pine

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[3]5.4

Give three reasons for rapid depletion of forest resources in India in the past.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[10]6
[2]6.1

“Without irrigation, development of agriculture is difficult in India”. Clarify the statement by giving two reasons.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[2]6.2

Mention two factors which are essential for the development of tube well irrigation.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3]6.3

Give one geographical reason for each of the following:

Canal irrigation is more suitable in the Northern Plains.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Give one reason for each of the following:

Tank irrigation is an important method of irrigation in Karnataka.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Give one reason for each of the following:

Although expensive, yet, sprinkler irrigation is gaining popularity in recent times.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3]6.4

What is rainwater harvesting?

Concept: Concept of Rainwater Harvesting (Importance)
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Mention two objectives of rainwater harvesting.

Concept: Concept of Rainwater Harvesting (Importance)
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[10]7
[2]7.1

Name any three types of coal found in India.

Concept: Types of Power Resources -conventional
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources

Which type of coal is mostly used in iron and steel industries?

Concept: Mineral Based Industry – Iron and Steel (Tisco, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[2]7.2

Name one offshore oil field of India

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps

Name the following: An iron ore mine of Karnataka.

Concept: Mineral Based Industry – Iron and Steel (Tisco, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3]7.3

Name the following: Largest coal field of India.

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Name the following: Oldest oil- field of India.

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Name the following: the Best variety of iron ore.

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[3]7.4

Name the metal extracted from Bauxite.

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources

Mention two uses of aluminium metal.

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[10]8
[2]8.1

Mention any two reasons for the importance of agriculture in India.

Concept: Concept of Indian Agriculture ( Importance, Problems and Reforms.)
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[2]8.2

With reference to rice cultivation answer the following:

Why does rice grow well in a soil with a clay-like subsoil?

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

With reference to rice cultivation answer the following:

What is the advantage of growing rice in nurseries before it is transplanted?

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]8.3

Study the picture given below and answer the question that follows:

1) Name one state where this crop grows well.

2) Why are mostly women employed to harvest it?

3) Mention two geographical conditions suitable for the cultivation of this crop.

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]8.4

Explain briefly the following :

Shifting cultivation

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Explain briefly the following :

Bud grafting

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Explain briefly the following: Oilcake

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[10]9
[2]9.1

Give two reasons for the importance of the jute industry in the Ganga Brahmaputra delta region.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[2]9.2

Mention any two problems faced by the cotton textile industry of India.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3]9.3

Give two reasons why the woollen industry is not a flourishing industry in India.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Name two centres for woollen industry.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3]9.4

With reference to the silk industry, answer the following:

Why is Karnataka the largest producer of mulberry silk?

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

With reference to the silk industry, answer the following:

Mention two varieties of non-mulberry silk.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

With reference to the silk industry, answer the following:

Name one silk weaving centre each in U.P. and in Tamil Nadu.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[10]10
[2]10.1

Mention two advantages that a mini steel plant has over an integrated iron and steel plant.

Concept: Mineral Based Industry – Iron and Steel (Tisco, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[2]10.2

Name an iron and steel plant which was established with British collaboration.

Concept: Mineral Based Industry – Iron and Steel (Tisco, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

From where does it get its supply of:

1. Iron ore
2. Manganese
3. Coal

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[3]10.3

Give geographical reasons for the following:

Petrochemical products are gaining popularity in modern times.

Concept: Petro Chemical and Electronics
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Give a reason for each of the following:

A heavy engineering industry requires huge capital investment.

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Give a reason for each of the following:

The electronics industry contributes to the development of the country.

Concept: Petro Chemical and Electronics
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3]10.4

Name the industrial product for which the following centres are well known: [3]
(1) Bhilai
(2) Chittaranjan
(3) Koraput

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[10]11
[3]11.1

Mention two advantages and one disadvantage of waterways.

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[2]11.2

Roadways are always considered more important than any other means of transportation. Give two reasons in support of the statement.

Concept: Importance and Modes Transport – Roadways, Railways,Airways and Waterways
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[2]11.3

Mention any two sources of wastes.

Concept: Need for Waste Management
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

What are the biodegradable waste?

Concept: Need for Waste Management
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[3]11.4

What do you mean by the following terms?

Composting

Concept: Methods of Safe Disposal - Segregation, Dumping and Composting
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

Explain briefly the meaning of the following term
Incineration

Concept: Methods of Safe Disposal - Segregation, Dumping and Composting
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

What do you mean by the following terms?

Segregation

Concept: Methods of Safe Disposal - Segregation, Dumping and Composting
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

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