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Geography 2012-2013 ICSE Class 10 Question Paper Solution

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Geography
Marks: 80Date: 2012-2013 March

Attempt all questions From Question 1 and Question 2

Attempt Any Five Question From Question 3 to Question 11


[20]1 | Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/7 and answer the following questions:
[2]1.1

Give the six figure grid reference of Triangulated height 217

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps

Give the six figure grid reference of lined well near Chekhla.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2]1.2

Name the left bank tributary of the main river.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps

State the direction in which this left bank tributary is flowing

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2]1.3

Mention a special feature associated with the streams in grid square 9879.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps

Name the types of drainage pattern found in grid square 9374.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2]1.4

Give four grid reference of each of the following:

1) Open scrub

2) Bantawada

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2]1.5

Name two relief features that can be seen in grid square 9782 and 9574.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2]1.6

Why do you find limited cultivation in the map extract? Give two reasons for your answer

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2]1.7

What is the compass direction of Antroli (9576) and Chelkha (9281) from Sangla?

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2]1.8

What type of rainfall is experienced in the region shown in the map extract? Justify your answer giving one reason.

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2]1.9

Calculate the distance in kilometres along the cart track between Chitrasani (999747) and Pirojpura (978753).

Concept: Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps
Chapter: [0.01] Interpretation of Topographical Maps
[2]1.10

What is the geographical name that you would give to the general pattern of settlement in the region shown on the map?

Concept: Concept of Outline Map of India
Chapter: [0.02] Map of India

Name one region shown on the map which is unsuitable for the cultivation of crops.

Concept: Concept of Outline Map of India
Chapter: [0.02] Map of India
[10]2

On the outline map of India provided:
a) Mark and name Chennai
b) Label the river Godavari
c) Shade and label the Chota Nagpur Plateau
d) Shade and name the Gulf of Kachchh
e) Mark and name the Indo Gangetic Plains
f) Shade and label the area with Red Soil
g) Mark and name the winds which bring rain to Mumbai in July and August
h) Mark and name the Satpura Range
i) Mark and name Jharia Coal Field
j) Shade and label the Northern Circar coastal region.

Concept: Concept of Outline Map of India
Chapter: [0.02] Map of India
[10]3
[2]3.1

Name two types of cyclonic systems that affect India and two areas that receive rainfall from these systems.

Concept: Factors Influencing/Affecting the Climate
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[2]3.2

Give two important characteristics of the South West monsoon rainfall.

Concept: Factors Influencing/Affecting the Climate
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[3]3.3

Give reasons for the following:

When the Malabar Coast is receiving heavy rainfall in July, the Tamil Nadu coast is comparatively dry.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate

Give reasons for the following

The Northern Plains of India have a continental type of climate.

Concept: Factors Influencing/Affecting the Climate
Chapter: [0.04] Climate

Give a reason for each of the following:

Central Maharashtra gets less rainfall than the coastal area of Maharashtra.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[3]3.4

Study the climate data given below and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature
in °C
23.1 24.8 26.5 29.2 32 32.8 33.1 32.1 30.5 29.3 28.7 26.1
Rainfall cm 15.3 10.1 0.3 0.1 1.3 4.5 6.1 10.2 10.5 20.1 16.8 19.0

1) Calculate the annual rainfall experienced by the station.

2) Suggest the name of this station, giving a reason for your answer.

3) Name the season during which the rainfall is heaviest.

Concept: Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature
Chapter: [0.04] Climate
[10]4
[2]4.1

Differentiate between transported soil and In-situ soil, quoting a suitable example for each.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[2]4.2

State two differences between Bhangar and Khadar soil.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[3]4.3

Name the process by which Laterite soil is formed. Mention one disadvantage of this soil.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[3]4.4

With reference to Red Soils in India, answer the following questions:

Name two states where it is found.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

With reference to Red Soils in India, answer the following questions:

State two advantages of this type of soil.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources

With reference to Red Soils in India, answer the following questions:

Mention two important crops are grown in this soil.

Concept: Types of Soil (Alluvial, Black, Red and Laterite)
Chapter: [0.05] Soil Resources
[10]5
[2]5.1

Mention two main characteristics of Tropical Rain Forests.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[2]5.2

Name the tree, the timber of which could be used for the following:

A soft and white timber used for making toys and matchboxes.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Name the tree, the timber of which could be used for the following:

A hard durable timber used for shipbuilding and furniture making.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Name the tree, the timber of which could be used for the following:

A sweet smelling timber which yields an oil, used for making handicrafts.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[3]5.3

Name one region in India for each of the following:

Tidal forest

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Name one region in India for each of the following:

Thorn and Scrub

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation

Name one region in India for each of the following:

Explain why thorn and scrub forests are found in the above-mentioned regions.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[3]5.4

Briefly explain two reasons for forests being an important natural resource.

Concept: Importance of Forests
Chapter: [0.06] Natural Vegetation
[10]6
[2]6.1

Name two states in which tube wells are extensively used. Give a reason to explain its importance as a source of irrigation.

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[2]6.2

Give two main reasons why water scarcity occurs in India.

Concept: Need for Conservation and Management of Water
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3]6.3

Name two states where perennial canals are widely used.

Concept: Need for Conservation and Management of Water
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Briefly explain two reasons for perennial canals being a popular form if irrigation in the named states

Concept: Importance and Methods Irrigation
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3]6.4

Name any two methods of water harvesting in India.

Concept: Need for Conservation and Management of Water
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources

Mention any two objectives of rainwater harvesting.

Concept: Concept of Rainwater Harvesting (Importance)
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[10]7
[2]7.1

Name the ore of aluminium. Describe two main uses of aluminium.

Concept: Uses and Distribution of Iron Ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[2]7.2

Name any two industrial products for which limestone is used as a source of raw material.

Concept: Distribution of Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[3]7.3

Name two industries that use a high quantity of coal.

Concept: Types of Power Resources -conventional
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources

Name one important area that has large coal deposits in the states of Jharkhand and West Bengal.

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3]7.4

Which state is the largest producer of mineral oil?

Concept: Types of Minerals
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources

Name two coastal and two inland oil- refineries in India.

Concept: Distribution of Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter: [0.08] Mineral and Energy Resources
[10]8
[2]8.1

Distinguish between intensive commercial farming and extensive commercial farming.

Concept: Types of Farming - Subsistence and Commercial: Shifting, Intensive, Extensive, Plantation and Mixed.
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[2]8.2

With reference to rice cultivation, answer the following questions:

Name two leading rice-producing states in the country.

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

With reference to rice cultivation answer the following:

What is the advantage of growing rice in nurseries before it is transplanted?

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]8.3

Name two states where coffee plantations are found.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

What conditions of soil and climate are favourable for the cultivation of coffee?

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[3]8.4

Explain the following terms and name the crop with which each one is associated:

Retting

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Explain the following terms and name the crop with which each one is associated:

Ginning

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Explain the following in brief:

Broadcasting

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[10]9
[2]9.1

Name any two large sugar-producing states, one each in the north and south India.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[2]9.2

Name one agro-based industry based in the following industrial sectors:

Ahmedabad

Mysore

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3]9.3

State three favourable conditions responsible for the growth of the jute industry in West Bengal.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3]9.4

Give geographical reasons for the following:

The woollen industry is a localized industry in India.

Concept: Agro Based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Give geographical reasons for the following:

It is necessary to crush sugarcane within 24 hours of harvesting.

Concept: Processing and Distribution of the Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture

Give geographical reasons for the following:

Sericulture flourished in Karnataka.

Concept: Methods of Cultivation of Crops
Chapter: [0.09] Agriculture
[10]10
[2]10.1

What is the significance of the electronic industry in recent times?

Concept: Petro Chemical and Electronics
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries

Name two cities that have leading Software Companies.

Concept: Petro Chemical and Electronics
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[2]10.2

Name the steel plants that were set up with the Russian collaboration

Concept: Mineral Based Industry – Iron and Steel (Tisco, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3]10.3

Explain three reasons as to why there is a large concentration of iron and steel plants in the Chota Nagpur Region.

Concept: Mineral Based Industry – Iron and Steel (Tisco, Bhilai, Rourkela,Vishakhapatnam)
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[3]10.4

Name the industrial products for which the following centres are noted for?

Gurgaon

Perambur

Chittaranjan

Concept: Importance and Classification Manufacturing Industries
Chapter: [0.1] Manufacturing Industries
[10]11
[2]11.1

Give one disadvantage of air transport and Why is it still a popular means of transportation in India?

Concept: Advantages and Disadvantages of Transport
Chapter: [0.11] Transport
[2]11.2

Give two reasons why peninsular rivers are not ideal for navigation.

Concept: Need for Conservation and Management of Water
Chapter: [0.07] Water Resources
[3]11.3

State the main objective of the treatment of gaseous waste.

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Pollution
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

Name two common diseases that are caused as a result of gaseous pollution.

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Health Hazards
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management
[3]11.4

What was the cause of the following?

The Bhopal tragedy

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Pollution
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

What was the cause of the following?

The Minamata Disease

Concept: Impact of Waste Accumulation - Health Hazards
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

What was the cause of the following?

The Chernobyl Disaster

Concept: Effect on Terrestrial, Aquatic (Fresh Water and Marine) Life
Chapter: [0.12] Waste Management

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