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Biology Science Paper 3 2013-2014 ICSE Class 10 Question Paper Solution

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Biology [Science Paper 3]
Marks: 80Date: 2013-2014 March
  1. Answers to this paper must be written on the paper provided separately.
  2. You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes. This time is to be spent in reading the question paper.
  3. The time given at the head of the paper is the time allowed for writing the answers.
  4. Attempt all questions from Section I (Q1 )and any four questions from Section II (Q2 - Q7).

[40]1
[5]1.1 | Name the following :
[1]1.1.1

The part of the brain associated with memory.

Concept: Concept of Brain
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System
[1]1.1.2

The ear ossicle which is attached to the tympanum.

Concept: Ear: Parts and Functions of the Ear
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System
[1]1.1.3

The type of gene which is not expressed in the presence of a contrasting allele.

Concept: Genetics: - Sex Linked Inheritance of Diseases
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Genetics – Some Basic Fundamentals
[1]1.1.4

The hormone secreted by islets of langerhans.

Concept: Endocrine System -adrenal Gland
Chapter: [0.035] The Endocrine System
[1]1.1.5

The process of conversion of ADP into ATP during photosynthesis.

Concept: Concept of Photosynthesis
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Photosynthesis: Provider of Food for All
[5]1.2 | State the main function of the following:
[1]1.2.1

The main function of Cerebrospinal fluid

Concept: Concept of Brain
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System
[1]1.2.2

State the main function of the Eustachian tube

Concept: Ear: Parts and Functions of the Ear
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System
[1]1.2.3

State the main function of the Suspensory ligament of the eye 

Concept: Ear: Parts and Functions of the Ear
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System
[1]1.2.4

State the main function of the Sperm duct.

Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
Chapter: [0.034] The Reproductive System
[1]1.2.5

State the main function of the Lenticels

Concept: Emphasis on Destarching and the Steps Involved in Starch Test.
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Photosynthesis: Provider of Food for All
[5]1.3 | Copy and complete the following by filling in the blanks 1 to 5 with appropriate words:

The human female gonads are ovaries. A maturing egg in the ovary is present in a sac of cells called ___________(1). As the egg grows larger, the follicle enlarges and gets filled with a fluid and is now called the ______________(2) follicle. The process of releasing the egg from the ovary is called _______________(3). The ovum is picked up by the oviducal funnel and fertilisation takes place in the ______________(4). In about a week, the blastocyst gets fixed in the endometrium of the uterus and this process is called_________________(5).

Concept: Menstrual Cycle
Chapter: [0.034] The Reproductive System
[5]1.4 | Given below are six sets with four terms each. In each set one term is odd and cannot be grouped in the same category to which the other three belong. Identify the odd one in each set and name the category to which the remaining three belong. The first one has been done as an example. Example: Calyx, Corolla, Stamens, Midrib Odd term: midrib Category: Parts of a flower
[1]1.4.1

Identify the odd one in each set : Haemoglobin, Glucagon, Iodopsin, Rhodopsin

Concept: Composition of Blood
Chapter: [0.032] The Circulatory System
[1]1.4.2

Identify the odd one in each set :Urethra, Uterus, Urinary bladder, Ureter

Concept: Elementary Treatment of the Structure and Function of the Kidneys
Chapter: [0.031] The Excretory System (Elimination of Body Wastes)
[1]1.4.3

Identify the odd one in each set : Transpiration, Photosynthesis, Phagocytosis, Guttation

Concept: Concept of Photosynthesis
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Photosynthesis: Provider of Food for All
[1]1.4.4

Identify the odd one in each set : Cyton, Photon, Axon, Dendron

Concept: Nervous System - Structure of Neuron
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System
[1]1.4.5

Identify the odd one in each set : Oxytocin, Insulin, Prolactin, Progesterone

Concept: Endocrine System -adrenal Gland
Chapter: [0.035] The Endocrine System
[5]1.5

The figure given below represents an experimental setup with a weighing machine to demonstrate a particular process in plants. The experimental setup was placed in bright sunlight. Study the diagram and answer the following questions:

(i) Name the process intended for study.
(ii) Define the above mentioned process.
(iii) When the weight of the test tube (A & B) is taken before and after the experiment, what is observed? Give reasons to justify your observation in A & B.
(iv) What is the purpose of keeping the test tube B in the experimental setup?

Concept: Concept of Photosynthesis
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Photosynthesis: Provider of Food for All
[5]1.6 | Match the items given in Column A with the most appropriate ones in Column B and rewrite the correct matching pairs from Column A and Column B:

Match the items given in Column

No Column A Column B
1 Pituitary gland Testosterone
2 Sulphur dioxide Calcium
3 Seminiferous tubules Growth hormone
4 Clotting of blood Acid rain
5 Guttation Sperms
    Global warming
    Magnesium
    Hydathodes

 

Concept: Composition of Blood
Chapter: [0.032] The Circulatory System
[5]1.7 | Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
[1]1.7.1

Cretinism and Myxoedema are due to

A. Hypersecretion of thyroxin

B. Hypersecretion of growth hormone

C. Hyposecretion of thyroxin

D. Hyposecretion of growth hormone

Concept: Endocrine System -adrenal Gland
Chapter: [0.035] The Endocrine System
[1]1.7.2

Which of the following is not a natural reflex action?

A. Knee-jerk

B. Blinking of eyes due to strong light

C. Salivation at the sight of food

D. Sneezing when any irritant enters the nose

Concept: Reflex Action and Reflex Arc
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System
[1]1.7.3

After mitotic cell division, a female human cell will have

A. 44 + XX chromosomes

B. 44 + XY chromosomes

C. 22 + X chromosomes

D. 22 + Y chromosomes

Concept: Significance and Major Differences Between Mitotic and Meiotic Division
Chapter: [0.012] Cell Cycle, Cell Division and Structure of Chromosomes
[1]1.7.4

The antibiotic penicillin is obtained from

A. Protozoan

B. Bacteria

C. Virus

D. Fungus

Concept: First Aid - Basic Principles of First Aid
Chapter: [0.042] Aids to Health
[1]1.7.5

The site of maturation of human sperms is the

A. Seminiferous tubule

B. Interstitial cells

C. Epididymis

D. Prostate gland

Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
Chapter: [0.034] The Reproductive System
[5]1.8 | State the exact location of the following:
[1]1.8.1

The exact location of the tricuspid valve

Concept: Concept of Circulatory System
Chapter: [0.032] The Circulatory System
[1]1.8.2

The exact location of the Amnion

Concept: Nutrition and Respiration of the Embryo
Chapter: [0.034] The Reproductive System
[1]1.8.3

The exact location of the Yellow spot

Concept: Ear: Parts and Functions of the Ear
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System
[1]1.8.4

The exact location of the seminal vesicle

Concept: Elementary Treatment of the Structure and Function of the Kidneys
Chapter: [0.031] The Excretory System (Elimination of Body Wastes)
[1]1.8.5

The exact location of the Adrenal gland

Concept: Endocrine System -adrenal Gland
Chapter: [0.035] The Endocrine System
[10]2
[5]2.1 | Differentiate between the following pairs on the basis of what is mentioned within brackets:

Differentiate between Spinal nerves and Cranial nerves (number of nerves)

Concept: Nervous System - Structure of Neuron
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System

Differentiate between Near vision and Distant vision (shape of the eye lens)

Concept: Ear: Parts and Functions of the Ear
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System

Differentiate between Corpus callosum and Corpus luteum (function)

Concept: Concept of Brain
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System

Differentiate between Turgor pressure and Wall pressure (explain)

Concept: Plant - Osmotic Pressure
Chapter: [0.024] Absorption by Roots : the Processes Involved

Differentiate between Disinfectant and Antiseptic (definition)

Concept: First Aid - Basic Principles of First Aid
Chapter: [0.042] Aids to Health
[5]2.2

The diagram below represents the simplified pathway of the circulation of blood. Study the same and answer the questions which follow: 

(i) Name the blood vessels labelled 1 and 2.
(ii) State the function of blood vessels labelled 5 and 8.
(iii) What is the importance of the blood vessel labelled 6?
(iv) Which blood vessel will contain a high amount of glucose and amino acids after a meal?
(v) Draw a diagram of the different blood cells as seen in a smear of human blood.

Concept: Concept of Circulatory System
Chapter: [0.032] The Circulatory System
[10]3
[5]3.1

A candidate in order to study the process of osmosis has taken 3 potato cubes and put them in 3 different beakers containing 3 different solutions. After 24 hours, in the first beaker the potato cube increased in size, in the second beaker the potato cube decreased in size and in the third beaker there was no change in the size of the potato cube. The following diagram shows the result of the same experiment:

(i) Give the technical terms of the solutions used in beakers, 1, 2 and 3.
(ii) In beaker 3, the size of the potato cube remains the same. Explain the reason in brief.
(iii) Write the specific feature of the cell sap of root hairs which helps in absorption of water.
(iv) What is osmosis?
(v) How does a cell wall and a cell membrane differ in their permeability?

Concept: Plant - Osmotic Pressure
Chapter: [0.024] Absorption by Roots : the Processes Involved
[5]3.2

A potted plant was taken in order to prove a factor necessary for photosynthesis. The potted plant was kept in the dark for 24 hours. One of the leaves was covered with black paper in the centre. The potted plant was then placed in sunlight for a few hours.

(i) What aspect of photosynthesis was being tested?
(ii) Why was the plant placed in the dark before beginning the experiment?
(iii) During the starch test, why was the leaf 

      (1) boiled in water

      (2) boiled in methylated spirit

(iv) Write a balanced chemical equation to represent the process of photosynthesis.
(v) Draw a neat diagram of a chloroplast and label its parts.

Concept: Concept of Photosynthesis
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Photosynthesis: Provider of Food for All
[10]4
[5]4.1

The diagram given below is a representation of a certain phenomenon pertaining to the nervous system. Study the diagram and answer the following questions:

(i) Name the phenomenon which is being depicted.
(ii) Give the technical term for the point of contact between the two nerve cells.
(iii) Name the parts 1, 2, 3 and 4.
(iv) Write the functions of parts 5 and 6
(v) How does the arrangement of neurons in the spinal cord differ from that of the brain?

Concept: Nervous System - Structure of Neuron
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System
[5]4.2 | Give scientific reasons for the following statements:

Give scientific reasons : Use of CFC is banned in many countries.

Concept: Greenhouse Effect and Climate Change
Chapter: [0.05] Pollution

Give scientific reasons: We cannot distinguish colours in moonlight.

Concept: Ear: Parts and Functions of the Ear
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System

Give scientific reasons : Balsam plants wilt during mid-day even if the soil is well watered.

Concept: Plant - Turgidity and Flaccidity
Chapter: [0.024] Absorption by Roots : the Processes Involved

Give scientific reasons : Carbon monoxide is highly dangerous when inhaled.

Concept: Sources of Pollution and Major Pollutan - Air
Chapter: [0.05] Pollution

Give scientific reasons : A person walks clumsily after consuming alcohol

Concept: Common Health Problems in India
Chapter: [0.040999999999999995] Health Organisations
[10]5
[5]5.1

Given below is a diagram representing a stage during mitotic cell division. Study it carefully and answer the questions which follow :

(i) Is it a plant cell or an animal cell? Give a reason to support your answer.
(ii) Identify the stage shown.
(iii) Name the stage which follows the one shown here. How is that stage identified?
(iv) How will you differentiate between mitosis and meiosis on the basis of the chromosome number in the daughter cells?
(v) Draw a duplicated chromosome and label its parts.

Concept: Significance and Major Differences Between Mitotic and Meiotic Division
Chapter: [0.012] Cell Cycle, Cell Division and Structure of Chromosomes
[5]5.2

Name the disease for which the following types of vaccines are given:

Salk’s vaccine

Concept: First Aid - Basic Principles of First Aid
Chapter: [0.042] Aids to Health

Name the disease for which the following types of vaccines are given: 

BCG

Concept: First Aid - Basic Principles of First Aid
Chapter: [0.042] Aids to Health

Give one example of A water pollutant.

Concept: Sources of Pollution and Major Pollutant - Water
Chapter: [0.05] Pollution

Give one example of An aquatic plant used in the laboratory to demonstrate O2 liberation during photosynthesis

Concept: Concept of Photosynthesis
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Photosynthesis: Provider of Food for All

Give one example of An antibiotic

Concept: First Aid - Basic Principles of First Aid
Chapter: [0.042] Aids to Health

Give one example A nitrogenous base in DNA

Concept: Genetics: - Sex Linked Inheritance of Diseases
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Genetics – Some Basic Fundamentals

Expand the following biological abbreviations: ATP

Concept: Concept of Photosynthesis
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Photosynthesis: Provider of Food for All

Expand the following biological abbreviations: TSH

Concept: Male Accessory Glands
Chapter: [0.034] The Reproductive System

Expand the following biological abbreviations: DPT

Concept: First Aid - Basic Principles of First Aid
Chapter: [0.042] Aids to Health

Expand the following biological abbreviations : DNA

Concept: Genetics: - Sex Linked Inheritance of Diseases
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Genetics – Some Basic Fundamentals
[10]6
[5]6.1

The given diagram represents a nephron and its blood supply. Study the diagram and answer the following questions: 

(i) Label parts 1, 2, 3 and 4.
(ii) State the reason for the high hydrostatic pressure in the glomerulus.
(iii) Name the blood vessel which contains the least amount of urea in this diagram.
(iv) Name the two main stages of urine formation.
(v) Name the part of the nephron which lies in the renal medulla.

Concept: Elementary Treatment of the Structure and Function of the Kidneys
Chapter: [0.031] The Excretory System (Elimination of Body Wastes)
[5]6.2 | Briefly explain the following terms.

Explain Monohybrid cross

Concept: Genetics: Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Genetics – Some Basic Fundamentals

Explain Biomedical waste

Concept: Sources of Pollution and Major Pollutant - Soil
Chapter: [0.05] Pollution

Explain Innate immunity.

Concept: Concept of Aids to Health
Chapter: [0.042] Aids to Health

Explain Diapedesis.

Concept: Concept of Circulatory System
Chapter: [0.032] The Circulatory System

Explain Hormones.

Concept: Endocrine System -adrenal Gland
Chapter: [0.035] The Endocrine System
[10]7
[5]7.1

State any two harmful effects of noise pollution on human health.

Concept: Pollution - Types of Pollution
Chapter: [0.05] Pollution

Categorise the following activities according to the functions of the Red Cross Society and the WHO:

(1) To suggest quarantine measures to prevent spread of disease

(2) Humanitarian services to victims of war

(3) To educate people in accident prevention

(4) To promote projects for research on disease

Concept: Health Organisations
Chapter: [0.040999999999999995] Health Organisations

Write any two major reasons for the population explosion in India.

Concept: Problems Posed by the Increase in Population in India
Chapter: [0.036000000000000004] Population – The Increasing Numbers and Rising Problems

State Mendel’s Law of segregation.

Concept: Genetics: Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Genetics – Some Basic Fundamentals
[5]7.2 | Give technical terms for the following:

Give technical terms for the A method of contraception in which the sperm duct is cut and ligated

Concept: Endocrine System -adrenal Gland
Chapter: [0.035] The Endocrine System

Give technical terms for Statistical study of human population

Concept: Problems Posed by the Increase in Population in India
Chapter: [0.036000000000000004] Population – The Increasing Numbers and Rising Problems

Give technical terms for The protective covering of the heart

Concept: Concept of Circulatory System
Chapter: [0.032] The Circulatory System

Give technical terms for A sudden heritable change in the gene

Concept: Genetics: - Sex Linked Inheritance of Diseases
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Genetics – Some Basic Fundamentals

Give technical terms for Repeated units of DNA molecule

Concept: Genetics: - Sex Linked Inheritance of Diseases
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Genetics – Some Basic Fundamentals

Give technical terms for The fluid portion of blood

Concept: Composition of Blood
Chapter: [0.032] The Circulatory System

Give technical terms for The nerve which transmits impulses from the ear to the brain

Concept: Ear: Parts and Functions of the Ear
Chapter: [0.033] The Nervous System

Give technical terms for Group of hormones which influence other endocrine glands to produce hormones

Concept: Endocrine System -adrenal Gland
Chapter: [0.035] The Endocrine System

Give technical terms for Thin walled sac of skin which covers the testes

Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
Chapter: [0.034] The Reproductive System

the Biological/technical term for Complete stoppage of menstrual cycle in females

Concept: Menstrual Cycle
Chapter: [0.034] The Reproductive System

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