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Political Science Set 1 2018-2019 ISC (Commerce) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Political Science [Set 1]
Marks: 80Academic Year: 2018-2019
Date: March 2019

Part-I
[20]1 | Answer briefly each of the questions (i) to (x)
[2]1.a

State two features of a unitary state.

Concept: Meaning of Constitution
Chapter: [1.02] Constitution
[2]1.b

Explain one way in which the Constitution of the United States can be amended.

Concept: Meaning of Constitution
Chapter: [1.02] Constitution
[2]1.c

State one reason why minorities should be properly represented in legislatures.

Concept: Legislative Functions
Chapter: [2.01] The Legislature
[2]1.d

Explain what is meant by the constituent function of the Legislature.

Concept: Legislative Functions
Chapter: [2.01] The Legislature
[2]1.e

State any two executive powers of the President of India.

Concept: What is an Executive
Chapter: [2.02] The Executive
[2]1.f

 Discuss the composition of the Supreme Court of India.

Concept: Supreme Court - Composition, Qualifications of Judges, Appointment
Chapter: [2.03] The Judiciary
[2]1.g

What is meant by single citizenship as a salient feature of the Constitution of India?

Concept: Salient Features of the Indian Constitution - Written and Comprehensive
Chapter: [3.01] Indian Constitution
[2]1.h

Cite one example of implementation of a Directive Principle.

Concept: Importance of Rights
Chapter: [3.02] Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
[2]1.i

Which fundamental right is a remedy for the violation of other fundamental rights?

Concept: Directive Principles of State Policy
Chapter: [3.02] Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
[2]1.j

Explain the meaning of communalism, in the Indian context.

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Communalism
Chapter: [3.04] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced
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Part-II (60 Marks)Section - A
[12]2 | Answer any three questions
[6]2.a

Discuss any three features of a liberal democratic state.

Concept: Liberal Democratic State
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[6]2.b

Explain any three features of a parliamentary form of government.

Concept: Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government (U.K. and U.S.A.)
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[12]3
[6]3.a

What is meant by the First Past the Post system? Explain one advantage and one drawback of this system.

Concept: First Past the Post System
Chapter: [1.03] Franchise and Representation
[6]3.b

 Explain the two advantages of a bi-party system.

Concept: Kinds of Party System - Single Party, Bi-party, Multi-party System
Chapter: [1.03] Franchise and Representation
[12]4
[6]4.a

Explain three important functions of the United States Senate.

Concept: Comparison of the Rajya Sabha and the U.S. Senate
Chapter: [2.01] The Legislature
[6]4.b

What are the relative positions of the Lok Sabha and the United States House of Representatives in their respective systems? Discuss.

Concept: Lok Sabha with the U.S. House of Representatives
Chapter: [2.01] The Legislature
[12]5
[6]5.a

Discuss three important functions of the Executive.

Concept: Functions of Executive
Chapter: [2.02] The Executive
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[6]5.b

Compare the positions of the President of India and the President of the United States.

Concept: Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government (U.K. and U.S.A.)
Chapter: [1.01] Forms of Government
[12]6
[6]6.a

Explain the original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India.

Concept: Supreme Court - Composition, Qualifications of Judges, Appointment
Chapter: [2.03] The Judiciary
[6]6.b

How is judicial independence ensured in the Constitution of the United States ?

Concept: Conditions of Independence of Judiciary
Chapter: [2.03] The Judiciary
Section- B
[12]7 | Answer any two questions.
[6]7.a

With reference to the Constitution of India, discuss the importance of the Preamble.

Concept: Meaning of Constitution
Chapter: [1.02] Constitution
[6]7.b

Explain the rights conferred under Right to Freedom (Article 19). 

Concept: Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution
Chapter: [3.02] Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
[12]8
[6]8.a

Explain the main features of the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution of India relating to rural local self-government institutions. 

Concept: Rural and Urban Local Bodies - Composition Features of 73rd and 74th Amendments
Chapter: [3.03] Local self-government
[6]8.b

Discuss three challenges faced by Panchayati Raj institutions in India.

Concept: Three Tier Structure Panchayati Raj
Chapter: [3.03] Local self-government
[12]9
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[6]9.a

Explain three important causes of regionalism in Indian politics.

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Regionalism
Chapter: [3.04] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced
[6]9.b

Critically examine three ways in which the prevalence of political violence affects the functioning of Indian democracy. 

Concept: Challenges Faced by the Indian Democracy - Political Violence
Chapter: [3.04] Democracy in India - a Perspective of the Challenges Faced

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