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Science Delhi (Set 2) 2019-2020 CBSE (English Medium) Class 10 Question Paper Solution

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Science [Delhi (Set 2)]
Marks: 74 Academic Year: 2019-2020
Date: February 2020
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(i) The question paper comprises three sections - A, B and C.
There are 30 questions in the question paper. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Section A - a question no. 1 to 14 - all questions or part thereof are of one mark each. These questions comprise multiple-choice questions (MCQ), very short answer (VSA), and Assertion-Reason type questions. Answers to these questions should be given in one word or one sentence.
(iii) Section B - question no. 15 to 24 are short answer type questions, carrying 3 marks each. Answer to these questions should not exceed 50 to 60 words.
(iv) Section C- a question no. 25 to 30 are long answer type questions, carrying 5 marks each. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 to 90 words.
(v) Answer should be brief and to the point. Also, the above-mentioned word limit be adhered to as far as possible.
(vi) There is no overall choice in the question paper. However, an internal choice has been provided in some questions in each Section. Only one of the choices in such questions have to be attempted.
(vii) In addition to this, separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.


Section A
[14] 1
[1] 1.1

Name the functional group present in propanone.

Concept: Nomenclature of Organic Compounds
Chapter: [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds
[1] 1.2

The change in magnetic field lines in a coil is the cause of induced electric current in it. Name the underlying phenomenon.

Concept: Magnetic Field
Chapter: [0.13] Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
[1] 1.3

Answer the following question.
The growing size of the human population is a cause of concern for all people. The rate of birth and death in a given population will determine its size. Reproduction is the process by which organisms increase their population. The process of sexual maturation for reproduction is gradual and takes place while general body growth is still going on. Some degree of sexual maturation does not necessarily mean that the mind or body is ready for sexual acts or for having and bringing up children. Various contraceptive devices are being used by human beings to control the size of the population.

(a) List two common signs of sexual maturation in boys and girls.
(b) What is the result of reckless female foeticide?
(c) Which contraceptive method changes the hormonal balance of the body?
(d) Write two factors that determine the size of a population.

Concept: Reproduction in Plant
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?
[1] 1.4

Answer the following question.
Human body is made up of five important components, of which water is the main component. Food, as well as potable water, are essential for every human being. The food is obtained from plants through agriculture.  Pesticides are being used extensively for a high yield in the fields. These pesticides are absorbed by the plants from the soil along with water and minerals and from the water bodies, these pesticides are taken up by the aquatic animals and plants. As these chemicals are not biodegradables, they get accumulated progressively at each trophic level. The maximum concentration of these chemicals gets accumulated in our bodies and greatly affects the health of our mind and body.

(a) Why is the maximum concentration of pesticides found in human beings?

(b) Give one method which could be applied to reduce our intake of pesticides through food to some extent.

(c) Various steps in a food chain represent :
(a) Food web
(b) Trophic level
(c) Ecosystem
(d) Biomagnification

(d) With regard to various food chains operating in an ecosystem, man is a:
(a) Consumer
(b) Producer
(c) Producer and consumer
(d) Producer and decomposer

Concept: Food Chain
Chapter: [0.15] Our Environment
[1] 1.5
[1] 1.5.1

The compound obtained on reaction of iron with steam is/are :

Fe2O3

Fe3O4

FeO

Fe2O3 and Fe3O4

Concept: The Environment
Chapter: [0.15] Our Environment
OR
[1] 1.5.2

An element 'X' reacts with O2 to give a compound with a high melting point. This compound is also soluble in water. The element 'X' is likely to be:

iron

calcium

carbon

silicon

Concept: The Covalent Bond
Chapter: [0.03] Metals and Non Metals [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds
[1] 1.6
[1] 1.6.1

The laws of reflection hold true for:

plane mirrors only

concave mirrors only

convex mirrors only

all reflecting surfaces

Concept: Refraction of Light
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
OR
[1] 1.6.2

When an object is kept within the focus of a concave mirror, an enlarged image is formed behind the mirror. This image is :

real

inverted

virtual and inverted

virtual and erect

Concept: Concave Lens
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
[1] 1.7
[1] 1.7.1

Choose the correct option from given alternative: 
At the time of short circuit, the electric current in the circuit :

vary continuously

does not change.

reduces substantially

increases heavily

Concept: Electric Current
Chapter: [0.12] Electricity
OR
[1] 1.7.2

Choose the correct option from given alternative: 
Two bulbs of 100 W and 40 W are connected in series. The current through the 100 W bulb is 1A. The current through the 40W bulb will be:

0.4 A

0.6 A

0.8 A

1 A

Concept: System of Resistors - Resistors in Series
Chapter: [0.12] Electricity
[1] 1.8

The chemical formula for plaster of Paris is :

CaSO4. 2H2O

CaSO4. H2O

\[\ce{CaSo4.1/2H2O}\]

2CaSO4. H2O

Concept: Chemicals from Common Salt (Uses of Salt) - Preparation and Uses of Plaster of Paris
Chapter: [0.02] Acids, Bases and Salts
[1] 1.9

Choose the correct option from given alternative: 
In a double displacement reaction such as the reaction between sodium sulphate solution and barium chloride solution:
(A) exchange of atoms takes place
(B) exchange of ions takes place
(C) a precipitate is produced
(D) an insoluble salt is produced

(B) and (D)

(A) and (C)

only (B)

(B), (C) and (D)

Concept: Types of Chemical Change or Chemical Reaction - Double Displacement Reaction
Chapter: [0.01] Chemical Reactions and Equations
[1] 1.10

Baking soda is a mixture of:

Sodium carbonate and acetic acid

Sodium carbonate and tartaric acid

Sodium hydrogen carbonate and tartaric acid

Sodium hydrogen carbonate and acetic acid

Concept: Chemicals from Common Salt (Uses of Salt) - Preparation and Uses of Baking Soda
Chapter: [0.02] Acids, Bases and Salts
[1] 1.11

In an ecosystem, 10% of energy available for transfer from one trophic level to the next is in the form of:

heat energy

chemical energy

mechanical energy

light energy

Concept: Ecosystem
Chapter: [0.15] Our Environment
[1] 1.12

Soil fertility is determined by its ability to :

Decay organic matter

Hold organic matter

Hold water

Support life

Concept: Living Organisms and Life Processes
Chapter: [0.06] Life Processes
[1] 1.13

Two statements are given - one labeled Assertion (A) and the other labeled Reason (R).
Assertion (A): In a homologous series of alcohols, the formula for the second member is C2H5OH and the third member is C3H7OH.
Reason (R): The difference between the molecular masses of the two consecutive members of a homologous series is 144.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of the Assertion.

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.

A is true but R is false.

A is false but R is true.

 

 
Concept: Homologous Series of Carbon Compound
Chapter: [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds
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[1] 1.14

Two statements are given - one labelled Assertion (A) and the other labelled Reason (R).

Assertion (A): In the process of nuclear fission, the amount of nuclear energy generated by the fission of an atom of uranium is so tremendous that it produces 10 million times the energy produced by the combustion of an atom of carbon from coal.
Reason (R): The nucleus of a heavy atom such as uranium, when bombarded with low energy neutrons, splits apart into lighter nuclei. The mass difference between the original nucleus and the product nuclei gets converted to tremendous energy.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of the Assertion.

Both A and R true but R is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.

A is true but R is false.

A is false but R is true.

Concept: Nuclear Energy
Chapter: [0.14] Sources of Energy
Section B
[30] 1.15
[3] 1.15.1

What is "rusting"? Describe with a labelled diagram an activity to investigate the conditions under which iron rusts.

Concept: Corrosion of Metals and Its Prevention
Chapter: [0.01] Chemical Reactions and Equations [0.03] Metals and Non Metals
[3] 1.16

Answer the following question:
What are homologous structures? Give an example. Is it necessary that homologous structures always have a common ancestor? Justify your answer.

Concept: Evidence of Organic Evolution
Chapter: [0.09] Heredity and Evolution
[3] 1.17
[3] 1.17.1

Answer the following question:
Why is the Tyndall effect shown by colloidal particles? State four instances of observing the Tyndall effect.

Concept: Applications of Scattering of Light
Chapter: [0.11] The Human Eye and the Colourful World
OR
[3] 1.17.2

Answer the following question:
Differentiate between a glass slab and a glass prism. What happens when a narrow beam of
(i) a monochromatic light, and
(ii) white light passes through
(a) glass slab and
(b) glass prism?

Concept: Dispersion of Light Through Prism and Formation of Spectrum
Chapter: [0.11] The Human Eye and the Colourful World
[3] 1.18

Draw a labelled diagram to show (i) reddish appearance of the sun at the sunrise or the sunset and (ii) white appearance of the sun at noon when it is overhead.

Concept: Applications of Scattering of Light
Chapter: [0.11] The Human Eye and the Colourful World
[3] 1.19
[1.5] 1.19.1

List in tabular form two differences between binary fission and multiple fission.

Concept: Asexual Reproduction in Plant
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?
[1.5] 1.19.2

What happens when a mature spirogyra filament attains considerable length?

Concept: Asexual Reproduction in Plant
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?
[3] 1.20
[3] 1.20.1

Answer the following question:
List the important products of the Chlor-alkali process. Write one important use of each.

Concept: Chemicals from Common Salt (Uses of Salt) - Preparation and Uses of Sodium Hydroxide
Chapter: [0.02] Acids, Bases and Salts
OR
[3] 1.20.2

Answer the following question.
How is washing soda prepared from sodium carbonate? Give its chemical equation. State the type of this salt. Name the type of hardness of water that can be removed by it?

Concept: Chemicals from Common Salt (Uses of Salt) - Preparation and Uses of Washing Soda
Chapter: [0.02] Acids, Bases and Salts
[3] 1.21

3 mL of ethanol is taken in a test tube and warmed gently in a water bath. A 5% solution of alkaline potassium permanganate is added to the first drop by drop to this solution, then in excess.

(i) How is a 5% solution of KMnO4 prepared?

(ii) State the role of alkaline potassium permanganate in this reaction. What happens on adding it in excess?

(iii) Write the chemical equation of this reaction.

Concept: Ethanol
Chapter: [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds
[3] 1.22
[3] 1.22.1

A squirrel is in a scary situation. Its body has to prepare for either fighting or running away. State the immediate changes that take place in its body so that the squirrel is able to either fight or run?

Concept: Hormones in Animals
Chapter: [0.07] Control and Co-ordination
OR
[3] 1.22.2

Why is chemical communication better than electrical impulses as a means of communication between cells in a multi-cellular organism?

Concept: Asexual Reproduction in Plant
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?
[3] 1.23
[1.5] 1.23.1

State the relation correlating the electric current flowing in a conductor and the voltage applied across it. Also, draw a graph to show this. relationship.

Concept: Ohm's Law
Chapter: [0.12] Electricity
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[1.5] 1.23.2

Find the resistance of a conductor if the electric current flowing through it is 0.35 A when the potential difference across it is 1.4 V.

Concept: Electric Potential (Electrostatic Potential) and Potential Difference
Chapter: [0.12] Electricity
[3] 1.24
[1.5] 1.24.1

Answer the following question.
Write the mathematical expression for Joule's law of heating.

Concept: Effects of Electric Current - Heating Effect of Electric Current
Chapter: [0.12] Electricity
[1.5] 1.24.2

Solve the following question.
Compute the heat generated while transferring 96000 coulombs of charge in two hours through a potential difference of 40 V.

Concept: Effects of Electric Current - Heating Effect of Electric Current
Chapter: [0.12] Electricity
[5] 1.25

What is thermit process? Where is this process used? Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction involved.

Concept: Chemical Equation
Chapter: [0.01] Chemical Reactions and Equations

Where does the metal aluminium, used in the process, occurs in the reactivity series of metals?

Concept: Physical Properties of Metals
Chapter: [0.03] Metals and Non Metals

Name the substances that are getting oxidised and reduced in the process.

Concept: Chemical Equation
Chapter: [0.01] Chemical Reactions and Equations
[5] 1.26

What is an electromagnet? List any two uses.

Concept: Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter: [0.13] Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Draw a labelled diagram to show how an electromagnet is made.

Concept: Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter: [0.13] Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

State the purpose of soft iron core used in making an electromagnet.

Concept: Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter: [0.13] Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

List two ways of increasing the strength of an electromagnet if the material of the electromagnet is fixed.

Concept: Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter: [0.13] Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
[5] 1.27
[5] 1.27.1

Draw a ray diagram in each of the following cases to show the formation of image, when the object is placed :

(i) between the optical centre and principal focus of a convex lens.
(ii) anywhere in front of a concave lens.
(iii) at 2F of a convex lens.
State the signs and values of magnifications in the above-mentioned cases (i) and (ii).

Concept: Spherical Mirrors
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
OR
[5] 1.27.2

An object 4.0 cm in size, is placed 25.0 cm in front of a concave mirror of focal length 15.0 cm.

(i) At what distance from the mirror should a screen be placed in order to obtain a sharp image?
(ii) Find the size of the image.
(iii) Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of the image in this case.

Concept: Convex Lens
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
[5] 1.28

What is genetics?

Concept: Heredity
Chapter: [0.09] Heredity and Evolution

What are genes? Where are the genes located?

Concept: Evolution
Chapter: [0.09] Heredity and Evolution

State and define three factors responsible for the rise of a new species.

Concept: Speciation
Chapter: [0.09] Heredity and Evolution
[5] 1.29
[5] 1.29.1

The position of certain elements in the Modern Periodic Table is shown below:

Using the above table answer the following questions giving reasons in each case :
(i) Which element will form only covalent compounds?
(ii) Which element is a non-metal with valency 2?
(iii) Which element is a metal with valency 2?
(iv) Out of H, C, and F which has the largest atomic size?
(v) To which family does H, C, and F belong?

Concept: Periodic Properties
Chapter: [0.05] Periodic Classification of Elements
OR
[5] 1.29.2

Answer the following question.
Define the atomic size. Give its unit of measurement. In the modern periodic table what trend is observed in the atomic radius in a group and a period and why is it so?

Concept: The Modern Periodic Table
Chapter: [0.05] Periodic Classification of Elements
[5] 1.30
[5] 1.30.1
[2.5] 1.30.1.1

Why is there a difference in the rate of breathing between aquatic organisms and terrestrial organisms? Explain.

Concept: Human Digestive System
Chapter: [0.06] Life Processes
[2.5] 1.30.1.2

Draw a diagram of the human respiratory system and label - pharynx, trachea, lungs, diaphragm and alveolar sac on it.

Concept: Respiration
Chapter: [0.06] Life Processes
[5] 1.30.2
[2.5] 1.30.2.1

Name the organs that form the excretory system in human beings.

Concept: Living Organisms and Life Processes
Chapter: [0.06] Life Processes
[2.5] 1.30.2.2

Describe in brief how urine is produced in the human body.

Concept: Excretion: Substances to Be Eliminated
Chapter: [0.06] Life Processes
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