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Science Delhi Set 1 2014-2015 CBSE (English Medium) Class 10 Question Paper Solution

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Science [Delhi Set 1]
Marks: 90 Academic Year: 2014-2015
Date: March 2015
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[1] 1

Write the name and formula of the 2nd member of homologous series having general formula CnH2n.

Concept: Homologous Series of Carbon Compound
Chapter: [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds
[1] 2

List two functions performed by the testis in human beings.

Concept: Human Reproductive System
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?
[1] 3

What is the function of ozone in the upper atmosphere?

Concept: Ozone Layer Depletion
Chapter: [0.15] Our Environment
[2] 4

List four characteristics of the images formed by plane mirrors.

Concept: Concave Mirror
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
[2] 5

Why are forests considered "biodiversity hotspots"?

Concept: Stakeholders of Forest
Chapter: [0.16] Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

List two ways in which an individual can contribute effectively to the management of forests and wildlife.

Concept: Stakeholders of Forest
Chapter: [0.16] Sustainable Management of Natural Resources
[2] 6

What is meant by "sustainable management"?

Concept: Conservation of Forest
Chapter: [0.16] Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Out of the two-reuse and recycle-which, in your opinion, is better to practise? Give reason.

Concept: Case Study: Ganga Pollution and Ganga Action Plan
Chapter: [0.16] Sustainable Management of Natural Resources
[3] 7

With the help of an example, explain the process of hydrogenation. Mention the essential conditions for the reaction and state the change in physical property with the formation of the product.

Concept: Chemical Properties of Carbon Compound
Chapter: [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds
[3] 8

Both soap and detergent are some type of salts. What is the difference between them?

Concept: Soap
Chapter: [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds

Describe in brief the cleansing action of soap.

Concept: Soap
Chapter: [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds
[3] 9

How many groups and periods are there in the modern periodic table?

Concept: Periodic Properties
Chapter: [0.05] Periodic Classification of Elements

How do the atomic size and metallic character of elements vary as we move :-

(a) down a group and

(b) from left to right in a period

Concept: Periodic Properties
Chapter: [0.05] Periodic Classification of Elements
[3] 10

From the following elements :

4Be; 9F; 19K; 20Ca

(i) Select the element having one electron is the outermost shell.

(ii) two elements of the same group.

Write the formula of and mention the nature of the compound formed by the union of 19K and element X(2, 8, 7).

Concept: Periodic Properties
Chapter: [0.05] Periodic Classification of Elements
[3] 11

What is DNA copying?

Concept: Reproduction in Plant
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?

State the importance of DNA copying.

Concept: Reproduction in Plant
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?
[3] 12

Draw labelled diagrams to illustrate budding in Hydra.

Concept: Asexual Reproduction in Plant
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?
[3] 13

List any four methods of contraception used by humans. State in brief two advantages of adopting such preventive methods.

Concept: Human Reproductive System
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?
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[3] 14

"We cannot pass on to our progeny the experiences and qualifications earned during our life time". Justify the statement giving reason and examples.

Concept: Evolution
Chapter: [0.09] Heredity and Evolution
[3] 15
[2] 15.1

Planaria, insects, octopus and vertebrates all have eyes. Can we group eyes of these animals together to establish a common evolutionary origin? Justify your answer.

Concept: Evolution by Stages
Chapter: [0.09] Heredity and Evolution
[1] 15.2

"Birds have evolved from reptiles" State evidence to prove the statement.

Concept: Evolution by Stages
Chapter: [0.09] Heredity and Evolution
[3] 16

To construct a ray diagram we use two rays of light which are so chosen that it is easy to determine their directions after reflection from the mirror. Choose these two rays and state the path of these rays after reflection from a concave mirror. Use these two rays to find the nature and position of the image of an object placed at a distance of 15 cm from a concave mirror of focal length 10 cm.

Concept: Concave Mirror
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
[3] 17

With the help of a labelled diagram, explain why the sun appears reddish at the sun-rise and the sun-set.

Concept: Applications of Scattering of Light
Chapter: [0.11] The Human Eye and the Colourful World
[3] 18

After the examinations Rakesh with his friends went on a picnic to a nearby park. All friends carried cooked food packed in plastic bags or plastic cans. After eating the food some friends collected the leftover food and plastic bags etc and planned to dispose them off by burning. Rakesh immediately checked them and suggested to segregate the leftover food and peels of fruits from the plastic materials and respectively dispose them off separately in the green and red dustbins placed in the corner of the park.

(a) In your opinion, is burning plastic an ecofriendly method of waste disposal? Why? State the advantage of method suggested by Rakesh.

(b) How can we contribute in maintaining the parks and roads neat and clean?

Concept: Waste Separation Exercise
Chapter: [0.15] Our Environment
[5] 19

Explain why carbon forms compounds mainly by covalent bond.

Concept: The Covalent Bond
Chapter: [0.03] Metals and Non Metals [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds

Explain in brief two main reasons for carbon forming a large number of compounds.

Concept: Saturated and Unsaturated Carbon Compounds
Chapter: [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds

Why does carbon form strong bonds with most other elements ?

Concept: Saturated and Unsaturated Carbon Compounds
Chapter: [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds
[5] 20

Write the functions of the following parts in human female reproductive system:-

(i) Ovary

(ii) Oviduct

(iii) Uterus

Concept: Human Reproductive System
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?

Explain how the embryo gets nourishment inside the mother’s body.

Concept: Human Reproductive System
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?
[5] 21

How many pairs of chromosomes are present in human beings? Out of these how many are sex chromosomes ? How many types of sex chromosomes are found in human beings?

Concept: Human Reproductive System
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?

"The sex of a newborn child is a matter of chance and none of the parents may be considered responsible for it". Draw a flow chart showing determination of sex of a newborn to justify this statement.

Concept: Sex Determination
Chapter: [0.09] Heredity and Evolution
[5] 22
[3] 22.1

State the laws of refraction of light. 

Concept: Refraction of Light Through a Rectangular Glass Slab
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction

Explain the term absolute refractive index of a medium and write an expression to relate it with the speed of light in vacuum.

Concept: Refraction of Light Through a Rectangular Glass Slab
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
[2] 22.2

The absolute refractive indices of two media 'A' and 'B' are 2.0 and 1.5 respectively. If the speed of light in medium 'B' is 2 × 108 m/s, calculate the speed of light in:

(i) vacuum,

(ii) medium 'A'.

Concept: Refractive Index
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
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[5] 23

"A convex lens can form a magnified erect as well as magnified inverted image of an object placed in front of it." Draw ray diagram to justify this statement stating the position of the object with respect to the lens in each case.

Concept: Convex Lens
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction

An object of height 4 cm is placed at a distance of 20 cm from a concave lens of focal length 10 cm. Use lens formula to determine the position of the image formed.

Concept: Magnification Due to Spherical Lenses
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
[5] 24

A student is unable to see clearly the words written on the blackboard placed at a distance of approximately 4 m from him. Name the defect of vision the boy is suffering from. Explain the method of correcting this defect.

Draw ray diagram for the:-

(i) defect of vision and also

(ii) for its correction.

Concept: Eye Defect and Its Correction: Myopia Or Near-sightedness
Chapter: [0.11] The Human Eye and the Colourful World
[1] 25

A student adds 2 mL of acetic acid to a test tube containing 2 mL of distilled water. He then shakes the test tube well and leaves it to settle for some time. After about 5 minutes he observes that in the test tube there is :

(A) a clear transparent colourless solution

(B) a clear transparent pink solution

(C) a precipitate settling at the bottom of the test tube

(D) a layer of water the layer of acetic acid

Concept: Ethanoic Acid
Chapter: [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds
[1] 26

A student Prepared 20% sodium hydroxide solution in a beaker to study saponification reaction. Some observations related to this are given below :

(I) Sodium hydroxide solution turns red litmus blue

(II) Sodium hydroxide readily dissolves in water

(III) The beaker containing solution appears cold when touched from outside

(IV) The blue litmus paper turns red when dipped into the solution

The correct observations are :-

(A) I, II and IV

(B) I, II and III

(C) only III and IV

(D) only I and II

Concept: Chemicals from Common Salt (Uses of Salt) - Preparation and Uses of Sodium Hydroxide
Chapter: [0.02] Acids, Bases and Salts
[1] 27

Hard water is not available for an experiment. Some salts are given below :

(I) Sodium chloride

(II) Sodium sulphate

(III) Calcium chloride

(IV) Calcium sulphate

(V) Potassium chloride

(VI) Magnesium sulphate

Select from the following group of these salts, each member of which may be dissolved in water to make it hard.

(A) I, II, V

(B) I, III, V

(C) III, IV, VI

(D) II, IV, VI

Concept: Soap
Chapter: [0.04] Carbon and its Compounds
[1] 28

A student identified the various parts of an embryo of a gram seed and listed them as given below :

(I) Testa

(II) Plumule

(III) Radicle

(IV) Cotyledon

(V) Tegmen

Out of these the actual parts of the embryo are :

(A) I, II, III

(B) II, III, IV

(C) III, IV, V

(D) II, IV, V

Concept: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?
[1] 29

Four students A, B, C and D reported the following set of organs to be homologous. Who is correct ?

(A) Wings of a bat and a butterfly

(B) Wings of a pigeon and a bat

(C) Wings of a pigeon and a butterfly

(D) Forelimbs of cow, a duck and a lizard

Concept: Evidence of Organic Evolution
Chapter: [0.09] Heredity and Evolution
[1] 30

Study the following diagram and select the correct statement about the device 'X' :

(A) Device 'X' is a concave mirror of radius of curvature 12 cm

(B) Device 'X' is a concave mirror of focal length 6 cm

(C) Device 'X' is a concave mirror of focal length 12 cm

(D) Device 'X' is a convex of mirror of focal length 12 cm

Concept: Concave Mirror
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
[1] 31

A student has obtained a point image of a distant object using the given convex lens. To find the focal length of the lens he should measure the distance between the :

(A) lens and the object only

(B) lens and the screen only

(C) object and the image only

(D) lens and the object and also between the object and the image

Concept: Magnification Due to Spherical Lenses
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
[1] 32

Four students P, Q, R and S traced the path of a ray of light passing through a glass slab for an angle of incidence 40° and measured the angle of refraction. The values as measured them were 18°; 22°; 25° and 30° respectively. The student who has performed the experiment methodically is

(A) P

(B) Q

(C) R

(D) S

Concept: Refraction of Light Through a Rectangular Glass Slab
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
[1] 33

After tracing the path of a ray of light through a glass prism a student marked the angle of incidence (∠i), angle of refraction (∠r) angle of emergence (∠e) and the angle of deviation (∠D) as shown in the diagram. The correctly marked angles are :

(A) ∠i and ∠r

(B) ∠i and ∠e

(C) ∠i, ∠e and ∠D

(D) ∠i, ∠r and ∠e

Concept: Dispersion of Light Through Prism and Formation of Spectrum
Chapter: [0.11] The Human Eye and the Colourful World
[2] 34

When you add sodium hydrogen carbonate to acetic acid in a test tube, a gas liberates immediately with brisk effervescence. Name this gas. Describe the method of testing this gas.

Concept: Chemicals from Common Salt (Uses of Salt) - Preparation and Uses of Baking Soda
Chapter: [0.02] Acids, Bases and Salts
[2] 35

Name the type of asexual reproduction in which two individuals are formed from a single parent and the parental identity is lost. Draw the initial and the final stages of this type of reproduction. State the event with which this reproduction starts.

Concept: Asexual Reproduction in Plant
Chapter: [0.08] How do Organisms Reproduce?
[2] 36

To find the image-distance for varying object-distances in case of a convex lens, a student obtains on a screen a sharp image of a bright object placed very far from the lens. After that he gradually moves the object towards the lens and each time focuses its image of the screen.

(a) In which direction – towards or away from the lens, does he move the screen to focus the object?

(b) What happens to the size of image – does it increase or decrease?

(c) What happen when he moves the object very close to the lens?

Concept: Convex Lens
Chapter: [0.1] Light - Reflection and Refraction
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