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Science Delhi Set 2 2012-2013 CBSE Class 10 Question Paper Solution

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Science [Delhi Set 2]
Marks: 90Academic Year: 2012-2013
Date: March 2013

[1]1

Write the number of horizontal rows in the modern periodic table. What are these rows called?

Concept: Periodic Properties
Chapter: [0.013000000000000001] Periodic Classification of Elements
[1]2

List any two factors that could lead to speciation.

Concept: Speciation
Chapter: [0.021] Heredity and Evolution
[1]3

"Affluent life style has a negative effect on the environment." Justify this statement with the help of an example.

Concept: The Environment - Our Waste to the Environment
Chapter: [0.052000000000000005] Our Environment
[2]4

Mention the two functions of human testis.

Concept: Human Reproductive System
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Reproduction
[2]5

Everyone of us can do something to reduce our personal consumption of various natural resources. List four such activities based on 3-R approach.

Concept: Natural Resources - Conservation and Judicious Use of Natural Resources
Chapter: [0.051] Management of Natural Resources
[2]6
[2]7

We often observe domestic waste decomposing in the bylanes of our homes. List four ways to make the residents aware that the improper disposal of wastes is harmful to the environment and also for their own health.

Concept: The Environment - Our Waste to the Environment
Chapter: [0.052000000000000005] Our Environment
[3]8

Name the oxidising agent used for the conversion of ethanol to ethanoic acid. Distinguish between ethanol and ethanoic acid on the basis of (i) litmus test, (ii) reaction with sodium carbonate 

Concept: Ethanol
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Carbon Compounds
[3]9

 Differentiate between alkanes and alkenes. Name and draw the structure of one member of each. 

Concept: Carbon: a Versatile Element - Saturated and Unsaturated Carbon Compounds
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Carbon Compounds

Alkanes generally burn with clean flame. Why?

Concept: Carbon: a Versatile Element - Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Carbon Compounds
[3]10

Given below are some elements of the modern periodic table. Atomic number of the element is given in parentheses.

A(4), B(9), C(14), D(19), E(20)

(a) Select the element that has one electron in the outermost shell. Also, write the electronic configuration of this element.

(b) Which two elements amongst these belong to the same group? Give reasons for your answer.

(c) Which two elements amongst these belong to the same period? Which one of the two has bigger atomic radius?

Concept: Periodic Properties
Chapter: [0.013000000000000001] Periodic Classification of Elements
[3]11

An element X (atomic number 17) reacts with an element Y (atomic number 20) to form a compound.

(a) Write the position of these elements in the modern periodic table.

(b) Write the formula of the compound formed.

Justify your answer in each case.

Concept: Periodic Classification of Elements
Chapter: [0.013000000000000001] Periodic Classification of Elements
[3]12

"The sex of a newborn child is a matter of chance and none of the parents may be considered responsible for it". Draw a flow chart showing determination of sex of a newborn to justify this statement.

Concept: Sex Determination in Humans
Chapter: [0.021] Heredity and Evolution
[3]13

List three distinguishing features, in tabular form, between acquired traits and the inherited traits.

Concept: Evolution - Acquired and Inherited Traits
Chapter: [0.021] Heredity and Evolution
[3]14

Write two examples of sexually transmitted diseases caused by virus.

Concept: Human Reproductive System
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Reproduction

Write two examples of sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteri.

Concept: Human Reproductive System
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Reproduction

Explain how the transmission of virus and bacteria diseases be prevented?

Concept: Human Reproductive System
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Reproduction
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[3]15

Explain the process of regeneration in Planaria.

Concept: Reproduction in Plant - Modes of Reproduction Used by Multicellular Organisms - Fragmentation
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Reproduction

How the process of regeneration in Planaria process different from reproduction?

Concept: Reproduction in Plant - Modes of Reproduction Used by Multicellular Organisms - Fragmentation
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Reproduction
[3]16

An object of height 5 cm is placed perpendicular to the principal axis of a concave lens of focal length 10 cm. If the distance of the object from the optical centre of the lens is 20 cm, determine the position, nature and size of the image formed using the lens formula.

Concept: Concave Mirror
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena [0.03] Natural Phenomena
[3]17

Mention the types of mirrors used as (i) rear view mirrors, (ii) shaving mirrors. List two reasons to justify your answers in each case.

Concept: Applications of Spherical Mirrors and Lenses
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena
[3]18

State the difference in colours of the sun observed during sunrise/sunset and noon. Give explanation for each.

Concept: Some Natural Phenomena Due to Sunlight
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena
[3]19

What is an ecosystem ?

Concept: Concept of Eco-System
Chapter: [0.052000000000000005] Our Environment

List two main components of ecosystem?

Concept: Food Chain
Chapter: [0.052000000000000005] Our Environment

We do not clean natural ponds or lakes but an aquarium needs to be cleaned regularly. Why is it so ? Explain.

Concept: Food Chain
Chapter: [0.052000000000000005] Our Environment
[5]20

Describe the function of placenta.

Concept: Human Reproductive System
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Reproduction

 List four ways of preventing pregnancy. State two advantages of using such preventive methods.

Concept: Reproductive Health - Need and Methods of Family Planning
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Reproduction
[5]21

(a) Identify A, B and C in the given diagram and write their functions.

(b) Mention the role of gamete and zygote in sexually reproducing organisms.

Concept: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Reproduction
[5]22

A person cannot read newspaper placed nearer than 50 cm from his eyes. Name the defect of vision he is suffering from. Draw a ray diagram to illustrate this defect. List its two possible causes. Draw a ray diagram to show how this defect may be corrected using a lens of appropriate focal length.

Concept: Eye Defect and Its Correction: Myopia Or Near-sightedness
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena

We see advertisements for eye donation on television or in newspapers. Write the importance of such advertisements.

Concept: Human Eye: Structure of the Eye
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena
[5]23

State Snell’s law of refraction of light. Write an expression to relate refractive index of a medium with speed of light in vacuum.

The refractive index of a medium ‘a’ with respect to medium ‘b’ is 2/3 and the refractive index of medium ‘b’ with respect to medium ‘c’ is 4/3. Find the refractive index of medium ‘c’ with respect to medium ‘a’.

Concept: Refractive Index
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena
[5]24

Define the term ‘isomers’.

Concept: Carbon: a Versatile Element - Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Carbon Compounds

Draw two possible isomers of the compound with molecular formula C3H6O and write their names.

Give the electron dot structures of the above two compounds.

 

Concept: Carbon: a Versatile Element - Chains, Branches and Rings of Carbon Compound
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Carbon Compounds
[1]25

A student obtained a sharp image of a burning candle, placed at the farther end of a laboratory table, on a screen using a concave mirror. For getting better value of focal length of the mirror, the subject teacher suggested him for focusing a well illuminated distant object. What should the student do?

(A) He should move the mirror away from the screen.

(B) He should move the mirror slightly towards the screen.

(C) He should move the mirror as well as the screen towards the newly selected object.

(D) He should move only the screen towards the newly selected object.

Concept: Applications of Spherical Mirrors and Lenses
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena
[1]26

A student focussed the image of a distant object using a device ‘X’ on a white screen ‘S’ as shown in the figure. If the distance of the screen from the device is 40 cm, select the correct statement about the device.

(A) The device X is a convex lens of focal length 20 cm.

(B) The device X is a concave mirror of focal length 40 cm.

(C) The device X is a convex mirror of radius of curvature 40 cm.

(D) The device X is a convex lens of focal length 40 cm.

Concept: Convex Lens
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena [0.03] Natural Phenomena
[1]27

Study the following ray diagrams: 

The diagrams showing the correct path of the ray after passing through the lens are:

(A) II and III only

(B) I and II only

(C) I, II and III

(D) I, II and IV



Concept: Concave Lens
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena [0.03] Natural Phenomena
[1]28

Out of the five incident rays shown in the figure find the three rays that are obeying the laws of refraction and may be used for locating the position of image formed by a convex lens:

(A) 1, 2 and 3

(B) 2, 3 and 4

(C) 3, 4 and 5

(D) 1, 2 and 4

Concept: Convex Lens
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena [0.03] Natural Phenomena
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[1]29

Select from the following the best set-up for tracing the path of a ray of light through a rectangular glass slab: 


(A) I

(B) II

(C) III

(D) IV

Concept: Refraction of Light - Refraction Through a Rectangular Glass Slab
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena
[1]30

After tracing the path of rays of light through a glass slab for three different angles of incidence, a student measured the corresponding values angle of refraction r and angle of emergence e and recorded them in the table given below: 

S. No.

i

i

e

I

30°

20°

31°

II

40°

25°

40°

III

50°

31°

49°

The correct observations are:

(A) I and II

(B) II and III

(C) I and III

(D) I, II and III

Concept: Refraction of Light - Refraction Through a Rectangular Glass Slab
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena
[1]31

In an experiment to trace the path of a ray of light through a glass prism for different values of angle of incidence a student would find that the emergent ray: 

(A) is parallel to the incident ray

(B) perpendicular to the incident ray

(C) is parallel to the refracted ray

(D) bends at an angle to the direction of incident ray

Concept: Dispersion by a Prism
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena
[1]32

While performing the experiment to trace the path of a ray of light passing through a glass prism, four students marked the incident ray and the emergent ray in their diagrams in the manner shown below. 

(A) I

(B) II

(C) III

(D) IV

Concept: Dispersion by a Prism
Chapter: [0.03] Natural Phenomena
[1]33

Study the different conclusions drawn by students of a class on the basis of observations of preserved/available specimens of plants and animals.

I. Potato and sweet potato are analogous organs in plants.

II. Wings of insects and wings of birds are homologous organs in animals.

III. Wings of insects and wings of bats are analogous organs in animals.

IV. Thorns of citrus and tendrils of cucurbita are analogous organs in plants.

The correct conclusions are:

(A) I, and II

(B) II and IV

(C) I and III

(D) III and IV

Concept: Carbon: a Versatile Element - Homologous Series of Carbon Compound
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Carbon Compounds
[1]34

You have potato, carrot, radish, sweet potato, tomato and ginger bought from the market in your jute bag. Identify two vegetables to represent the correct homologous structures.

(A) Potato and tomato

(B) Carrot and tomato

(C) Potato and sweet potato

(D) Carrot and radish

Concept: Evolution and Classification - Tracing Evolutionary Relationships
Chapter: [0.021] Heredity and Evolution
[1]35

In the figure, the parts marked A, B and C are sequentially:


(A) Plumule, Radicle and Cotyledon

(B) Radicle, Plumule and Cotyledon

(C) Plumule, Cotyledon and Radicle

(D) Radicle, Cotyledon and Plumule

Concept: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Reproduction
[1]36

Select the correct statements for the process of budding in yeast:

I. A bud arises from a particular region on a parent body.

II. A parent cell divides into two daughter cells, here the parental identity is lost.

III. Before detaching from the parent body a bud may form another bud.

IV. A bud when detaches from the parent body grows into a new individual.

(A) I, II and III

(B) II, III and IV

(C) III, IV and I

(D) IV, I and II

Concept: Reproduction in Plant - Modes of Reproduction Used by Single Organisms - Budding
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Reproduction
[1]37

A student after observing a slide showing different stages of binary fission in Amoeba draws the following diagrams. However these diagrams are not in proper sequence:

The correct sequence is:

(A) I, V, IV, III, II

(B) I, III, IV, V, II

(C) I, V, III, IV, II

(D) I, IV, V, III, II

Concept: Reproduction in Plant - Modes of Reproduction Used by Single Organisms - Fission
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Reproduction
[1]38

Read the following statements: 

I. When a red litmus paper is dipped into reaction mixture of a saponification reaction, it turns blue and the reaction is exothermic.

II. When a blue litmus paper is dipped into reaction mixture of a saponification reaction, its colour does not change and the reaction is exothermic.

III. When a red litmus paper is dipped into reaction mixture of a saponification reaction, its colour does not change and the reaction is endothermic.

IV. When a blue litmus paper is dipped into reaction mixture of a saponification reaction, its colour does not change and the reaction is endothermic.

Which of the above statements are correct:

(A) I, and II

(B) II and III

(C) III and IV

(D) I and IV

Concept: Chemical Properties of Acids and Bases
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] Acids, Bases and Salts
[1]39

A student prepared 20% sodium hydroxide solution in a beaker containing water. The observations noted by him are given below. 

I. Sodium hydroxide is in the form of pellets.

II. It dissolves in water readily.

III. The beaker appears cold when touched from outside.

IV. The red litmus paper turns blue when dipped into the solution.

The correct observations are:

(A) I, II, and III

(B) II, III and IV

(C) III, IV and I

(D) I, II and IV

Concept: Chemicals from Common Salt (Uses of Salt) - Preparation and Uses of Sodium Hydroxide
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] Acids, Bases and Salts
[1]40

Hard water required for an experiment is not available in a school laboratory. However, following salts are available in the laboratory. Select the salts which may be dissolved in water to make it hard for the experiment.

(1)

Calcium Sulphate

(2)

Sodium Sulphate

(3)

Calcium Chloride

(4)

Potassium Sulphate

(5)

Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate

(6)

Magnesium Chloride

(A) 1, 2 and 4

(B) 1, 3 and 6

(C) 3, 5 and 6

(D) 2, 4 and 5

Concept: Salts
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] Acids, Bases and Salts [0.013999999999999999] Acids, Bases and Salts
[1]41

In an experiment to study the properties of acetic acid a student takes about 2 mL of acetic acid in a dry test tube. He adds about 2 mL of water to it and shakes the test tube well. He is likely to observe that:

(A) the acetic acid dissolves readily in water

(B) the solution becomes light orange

(C) water floats over the surface of acetic acid

(D) acetic acid floats over the surface of water

Concept: Ethanoic Acid
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Carbon Compounds
[1]42

A student takes 2 mL acetic acid in a dry test tube and adds a pinch of sodium hydrogen carbonate to it. He makes the following observations:

I. A colourless and odourless gas evolves with a brisk effervescence.

II. The gas turns lime water milky when passed through it.

III. The gas burns with an explosion when a burning splinter is brought near it.

IV. The gas extinguishes the burning splinter that is brought near it.

The correct observations are:

(A) I, II, and III

(B) II, III and IV

(C) III, IV and I

(D) IV, I and II

Concept: Ethanoic Acid
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Carbon Compounds
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