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Sociology Term 2 2021-2022 CBSE (Science) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Sociology [Term 2]
Marks: 40 Academic Year: 2021-2022
Date: April 2022
Duration: 2h
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General Instructions:

  1. The paper has 14 questions.
  2. All questions are compulsory.
  3. Section A - Question number 1 to 2 are one-mark source based questions. The answer to these questions must not exceed 10-15 words.
  4. Section B - Question number 3 to 9 are two-mark questions. These are very short answer type questions. The answer to these questions should not exceed 30 words.
  5. Section C - Question number 10 to 12 are four-mark questions. These are short answer type questions. The answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words.
  6. Section D - Question number 13 and 14 are six-mark questions. These are long answer type questions. The answer to these questions should not exceed 200 words.

SECTION - A
[1] 1

A model of the South Asian colonial city

The European town…had spacious bungalows, elegant apartment houses, planned streets, trees on both sides of the street,…clubs for afternoon and evening get togethers…The open space was reserved for…Western recreational facilities, such as race and golf courses, soccer and cricket. When domestic water supply, electric connections, and sewage links were available or technically possible, the European town residents utilised them fully, whereas their use was quite restricted to the native town.

Read the source and answer the following question.

Did the model of the South Asian colonial city cater to the needs of the natives? Give a reason for your answer.

Concept: Urbanisation and Industrialisation
Chapter: [0.01] Structural Change
[1] 2

Kumudtai’s journey into Sanskrit began with great interest and eagerness with Gokhale Guruji, her teacher at school…At the University, the Head of the Department was a well-known scholar and he took great pleasure in taunting Kumudtai…Despite the adverse comments she successfully completed her Masters in Sanskrit…. Source: Kumud Pawade (1938)

Read the source and answer the following question.

Do you think sanskritisation is a gendered process? Give a reason for your answer.

Concept: Different Kinds of Social Change
Chapter: [0.02] Cultural Change
SECTION - B
[2] 3
[1] 3.A

Agricultural productivity increased sharply because of the new technology. India was able to become self-sufficient in food grain production for the first time in decades. It was primarily the medium and large farmers who were able to benefit from the new technology.

What is subsistence agriculture?

Concept: The Green Revolution and Its Social Consequences
Chapter: [0.04] Change and Development in Rural Society
[1] 3.B

Agricultural productivity increased sharply because of the new technology. India was able to become self-sufficient in food grain production for the first time in decades. It was primarily the medium and large farmers who were able to benefit from the new technology.

Who were able to reap the most benefits from Green Revolution and commercialisation of agriculture?

Concept: The Green Revolution and Its Social Consequences
Chapter: [0.04] Change and Development in Rural Society
[2] 4
[1] 4.A

In the mid–1970s, there was a renewal of the women’s movement in India which was called the second phase of the Indian women’s movement. There was the growth of what is termed as the autonomous women’s movements.

How can these movements be called autonomous?

Concept: Womens’ Movement in India
Chapter: [0.08] Social Movements
[1] 4.B

In the mid–1970s, there was a renewal of the women’s movement in India which was called the second phase of the Indian women’s movement. There was the growth of what is termed as the autonomous women’s movements.

How can these movements be called autonomous?

Concept: Womens’ Movement in India
Chapter: [0.08] Social Movements
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[2] 5

Compare the impact of just-in-time for the company vis-à-vis the worker.

Concept: Class Based Movements
Chapter: [0.08] Social Movements
[2] 6

Can we apply the distinction between old and new social movements in the Indian context?

Concept: Regionalism in the Indian Context
Chapter: [0.06] The Challenges of Cultural Diversity
[2] 7

Often it is thought that imparting knowledge of 'scientific' farming methods will improve the condition of Indian farmers. Is this statement true? Give one reason for your answer.

Concept: The Green Revolution and Its Social Consequences
Chapter: [0.04] Change and Development in Rural Society
[2] 8
[2] 8.A

Differentiate between the organized and unorganized sector.

Concept: Understanding Globalisation
Chapter: [0.06] Globalisation and Social Change
OR
[2] 8.B

What are the social consequences of the long working hours in the IT sector?

Concept: The Green Revolution and Its Social Consequences
Chapter: [0.04] Change and Development in Rural Society
[2] 9

Labour is more free in an industrial society. How?

Concept: Understanding Globalisation
Chapter: [0.06] Globalisation and Social Change
SECTION - C
[4] 10

Compare the experience of industrialization in the West with that of the Indian experience.

Concept: Industrialisation in India
Chapter: [0.05] Change and Development in Industrial Society
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[4] 11
[4] 11.A

Elucidate the phenomena of modernity.

Concept: How Do We Approach the Study of Sanskritisation, Modernisation, Secularisation and Westernisation
Chapter: [0.02] Cultural Change
OR
[4] 11.B

19th century reform initiated a period of questioning, reinterpretations and both intellectual and social growth. Using suitable examples, justify the given statement.

Concept: Social Reform Movements in the 19th and Early 20th Century
Chapter: [0.02] Cultural Change
[4] 12

Identify and discuss the plight of the various stakeholders in the Bombay Textile strike of 1982.

Concept: Strikes and Unions
Chapter: [0.05] Change and Development in Industrial Society
SECTION - D
[6] 13
[6] 13.A

Jharkhand is one of the newly formed states of India, carved out of south Bihar in the year 2000. Describe the social movement that led to the creation of this state.

Concept: The Tribal Movements
Chapter: [0.08] Social Movements
OR
[6] 13.B

Using an example, explain an ecological movement.

Concept: Ecological Movements
Chapter: [0.08] Social Movements
[6] 14

Show the relation between circulation of labour and feminization of agricultural labour force.

Concept: Circulation of Labour
Chapter: [0.04] Change and Development in Rural Society

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