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Psychology Term 2 2021-2022 CBSE (Science) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Psychology [Term 2]
Marks: 35 Academic Year: 2021-2022
Date: April 2022
Duration: 2h
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General instructions:

  • There are 12 questions in this paper.
  • The paper is divided into 4 sections - Section A, B, C and D.
  • Section A has 3 questions, from Question No. 1 to 3 carrying 2 marks each. Answer to these questions should not exceed 40 words.
  • Section B has 3 questions, from Question No. 4 to 6, carrying 3 marks each. Answer to these questions should not exceed 80 words.
  • Section C has 4 questions, from Question No. 7 to 10, carrying 4 marks each. Answer to these questions should not exceed 120 words.
  • Section D has one case study. There are 2 questions based on this case study, Question No. 11 and 12. Each question carries 2 marks. Answer to these questions should not exceed 40 words. Answer both questions.

SECTION A - This Section has 3 questions
[2] 1

State any two differences between somatic symptom and illness anxiety disorder.

Concept: Major Psychological Disorders
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders
[2] 2
[2] 2.1

Explain any two factors that influence attitude formation.

Concept: Attitude Formation and Change
Chapter: [6] Attitude and Social Cognition
OR
[2] 2.2

Explain any two components of attitudes.

Concept: Nature and Components of Attitudes
Chapter: [6] Attitude and Social Cognition
[2] 3

What is cognitive dissonance? Give an example.

Concept: Nature and Components of Attitudes
Chapter: [6] Attitude and Social Cognition
SECTION B - This Section has 3 questions
[3] 4

Radhika has been diagnosed with generalised anxiety disorder. Explain the development of this disorder with the help of the diathesis-stress model.

Concept: Major Psychological Disorders
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders
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[3] 5

A client approaches a therapist to overcome her/his phobia for heights. Describe a behavioral technique that the therapist might choose to help her/him to overcome this phobia for heights.

Concept: Type of Therapies
Chapter: [5] Therapeutic Approaches
[3] 6
[3] 6.1

We are members of a number of groups at any given time. Explain the reasons that make people join groups.

Concept: Intergroup Conflict : Nature and Causes
Chapter: [7] Social Influence and Group Processes
OR
[3] 6.2

Groups differ in many respects. Identify the characteristics that distinguish primary groups from secondary groups.

Concept: Type of Groups
Chapter: [7] Social Influence and Group Processes
SECTION C - This Section has 4 questions
[4] 7
[4] 7.1

Describe the defining symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder.

Concept: Concepts of Abnormality and Psychological Disorders
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders
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OR
[4] 7.2

What are dissociative disorders?

Concept: Major Psychological Disorders
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders

Describe some of the identifying symptoms of different types of dissociative disorders.

Concept: Major Psychological Disorders
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders
[4] 8
[4] 8.1

Explain the alternative treatment possibilities to psychotherapy. How does rehabilitation of the mentally ill improve the quality of their life?

Concept: Type of Therapies
Chapter: [5] Therapeutic Approaches
OR
[4] 8.2

Explain the different cognitive therapies that are used to reduce distress.

Concept: Type of Therapies
Chapter: [5] Therapeutic Approaches
[4] 9

Anshu feels that assertive and successful women might become too powerful and neglect their family responsibilities. Explain the factors that will help in changing Anshu’s attitude towards assertive and successful women.

Concept: Attitude Formation and Change
Chapter: [6] Attitude and Social Cognition
[4] 10

A person ‘X’ was caught taking a bribe and her/his colleagues were asked to decide on what punishment she/he should be given. They could either let her/him go with just a warning or decide to terminate her/his services. After a discussion with other employees of the organisation, an extreme decision was taken to terminate this person’s services. Identify this phenomenon and explain why it occurs.

Concept: Influence of Group on Individual Behaviour
Chapter: [7] Social Influence and Group Processes
SECTION D - This Section has 2 questions.
[2] 11

Mental health professionals have attempted to understand psychological disorders using different approaches through the ages. Today, we have sophisticated facilities and hospitals dedicated to the treatment of the mentally ill. While studying the history of psychological disorders it is interesting to note that some practices from ancient times are still in use. Take the case of Lakshmi and her daughter, Maya. Maya exhibits abnormal behaviours and Lakshmi believes that this is because of evil spirits that have possessed her. She has been taking her daughter to a self-proclaimed healer, who uses counter-magic and prayer to cure her. Stigma and lack of awareness prevents Lakshmi from using the modern facilities and hospitals that provide quality mental health care.

On the other hand, when young Rita reported seeing people and hearing voices, mental health professionals at a modern facility were able to understand her hallucinations using a convergence of three approaches. Psychologists use official manuals like the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – 5 th Edition (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) to indicate presence or absence of disorders. Today there is increased compassion for people who suffer from disorders and a lot of emphasis is placed on providing community care.

Identify the method used by the healer to cure Maya’s illness. How does this theory from ancient times explain Maya’s treatment?

Concept: Concepts of Abnormality and Psychological Disorders
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders
[2] 12

Mental health professionals have attempted to understand psychological disorders using different approaches through the ages. Today, we have sophisticated facilities and hospitals dedicated to the treatment of the mentally ill. While studying the history of psychological disorders it is interesting to note that some practices from ancient times are still in use. Take the case of Lakshmi and her daughter, Maya. Maya exhibits abnormal behaviours and Lakshmi believes that this is because of evil spirits that have possessed her. She has been taking her daughter to a self-proclaimed healer, who uses counter-magic and prayer to cure her. Stigma and lack of awareness prevents Lakshmi from using the modern facilities and hospitals that provide quality mental health care.

On the other hand, when young Rita reported seeing people and hearing voices, mental health professionals at a modern facility were able to understand her hallucinations using a convergence of three approaches. Psychologists use official manuals like the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – 5 th Edition (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) to indicate presence or absence of disorders. Today there is increased compassion for people who suffer from disorders and a lot of emphasis is placed on providing community care.

Which approach do you think would best explain Rita’s treatment? How do you think DSM-5 and ICD-10 help mental health professionals in indicating the presence or absence of disorders?

Concept: Concepts of Abnormality and Psychological Disorders
Chapter: [4] Psychological Disorders

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