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Political Science All India Set 1 2014-2015 CBSE (Commerce) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Political Science [All India Set 1]
Marks: 100 Academic Year: 2014-2015
Date: March 2015
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[1] 1

How did the U.S. respond to the 9/11 attacks?

Concept: Growth of Unilateralism - Afghanistan, First Gulf War, Response to 9/11 and Attack on Iraq
Chapter: [0.013000000000000001] US Hegemony in World Politics
[1] 2

Highlight any one major distinction between the Soviet economy and the Capitalist economy.

Concept: Introduction of Democratic Politics and Capitalism in Post-communist Regimes
Chapter: [0.012] The End of Bipolarity
[1] 3

How far do you agree that the proclamation of emergency weakened the federal distribution of power in India?

Concept: Emergency - Context, Constitutional and Extra-constitutional Dimensions, Resistance to Emergency
Chapter: [0.026000000000000002] Crisis of the Democratic Order
[1] 4

Justify that “Regionalism is not as dangerous as Communalism”.

Concept: Rise of Regional Parties
Chapter: [0.027999999999999997] Regional Aspirations
[1] 5

Why do some people feel that Article 370 should be revoked?

Concept: Legacy of Partition - Challenge of 'Refugee' Resettlement, the Kashmir Problem
Chapter: [0.021] Challenges of Nation-building
[2] 6

Mention any two benefits of globalisation.

Concept: Globalisation
Chapter: [0.019] Globalisation
[2] 7

Suggest any two measures to have good relations with Pakistan.

Concept: India'S Relations with Its Neighbours
Chapter: [0.015] Contemporary South Asia in the Post Cold War Era
[2] 8

Which characteristics made the Congress an ideological coalition during the freedom movement of India?

Concept: Coalitional Nature of Congress
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Era of One-party Dominance
[2] 9

Identify the most important outcome of the Rio Summit.

Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
Chapter: [0.027000000000000003] Rise of Popular Movements
[2] 10

How was the U.S. benefited by the Soviet disintegration?

Concept: Disintegration of the Soviet Union and Its Impact Or Consequences on the World Order
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Cold War Era
[4] 11

Mention any two main demands of the Bharatiya Kisan Union in 1980s.

Concept: Farmer's Movements
Chapter: [0.027000000000000003] Rise of Popular Movements
[4] 12

State any two differences between the First Five Year Plan and the Second Five Year Plan.

Concept: Five Year Plans
Chapter: [0.023] Politics of Planned Development
[4] 13

Explain the circumstances that forced the Tibetans to leave China. Highlight India's role in helping the Tibetan refugees.

Concept: Legacy of Partition - Challenge of 'Refugee' Resettlement, the Kashmir Problem
Chapter: [0.021] Challenges of Nation-building
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[4] 14

Distinguish between the internal and external notion of traditional security.

Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
Chapter: [0.017] Security in Contemporary World
[4] 15

In what way do the coalition governments prove to be more democratic than the oneparty governments?

Concept: Coalition Governments - NDA (1998 - 2004) UPA (2004 - 2014) NDA (2014 Onwards)
Chapter: [0.028999999999999998] Recent Developments in Indian Politics
[4] 16

"Democracy is becoming the first choice of the people of South Asia." Justify the statement.

Concept: Democracy in Bangladesh
Chapter: [0.015] Contemporary South Asia in the Post Cold War Era
[5] 17

Read the following passage carefully and answer the following questions:

Above all, the linguistic states underlined the acceptance of the principle of diversity. When we say that India adopted democracy, it does not simply mean that India embraced a democratic constitution, nor does it merely mean that India adopted the format of elections. The choice was larger than that. It was a choice in favour of recognising and accepting the existence of differences which could at times be oppositional. Democracy, in other words, was associated with plurality of ideas and ways of life.

  1. What is meant by 'linguistic states'?
  2. Why were linguistic states formed in India? Explain any two reasons.
  3. How is democracy in India associated with plurality of ideas and ways of life?
Concept: Rise of Regional Parties
Chapter: [0.027999999999999997] Regional Aspirations
[5] 18

Read the above passage carefully and answer the following questions:

The Naxalite Movement has used force to snatch land from the rich landowners and give it to the poor and the landless. Its supporters advocated the use of violent means to achieve their political goals. In spite of the use of preventive detention and other strong measures adopted by the West Bengal government..., the Naxalite Movement did not come to an end. In later years, it spread to many other parts of the country.

  1. Why did Naxalite prefer to use violence?
  2. Assess the positive role of the Naxalite Movement in spite of using violence?
  3. Suggest any two measures to contain this movement.
Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
Chapter: [0.027000000000000003] Rise of Popular Movements
[5] 19

Read the given passage carefully and answer the following questions:

Non-alignment as a strategy evolved in the Cold War context.... with the disintegration of USSR and the end of Cold War in 1991, non-alignment, both, as an international movement and as the core of India's foreign policy, lost some of its earlier relevance and effectiveness.

  1. Why did India adopt non-alignment?
  2. Explain any two reasons for the loss of its relevance by the Nan Aligned Movement
  3. How far do you agree that the Non-Aligned Movement has become an international movement?
Concept: Challenges to Bipolarity
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Cold War Era
[5] 20

Study the cartoon given below carefully and answer the following questions:

i. The given cartoon is related to which country?

ii. Which two symbols in this cartoon helped in identifying the country?

iii. What message does this cartoon convey to the world?

Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] Alternative Centres of Power
[5] 21

In the given outline map of India, five states have been marked as (A), (B), (D) and (E). Identify them on the basis of the information given below and write their correct names in your answer book with their respective serial number of the information used and the alphabet concerned.

  1. The State which was carved out of Madhya Pradesh.
  2. The State which opposed its merger with India after independence.
  3. The first State of free India having a Communist government.
  4. The State adjoining Pakistan territory up to 1971.
  5. The State which became agriculturally prosperous due to Green Revolution.

Concept: Green Revolution and Its Political Fallouts
Chapter: [0.023] Politics of Planned Development
[6] 22 | Attempt any ONE
[6] 22.1

Describe any three steps taken by the Indian Government to check the environmental degradation.

Concept: India'S Stand in Global Environmental Debates
Chapter: [0.018000000000000002] Environment and Natural Resources
[6] 22.2

Describe any three effects of globalisation on the culture of a country.

Concept: Economic, Cultural and Political Manifestations
Chapter: [0.019] Globalisation
[6] 23 | Attempt any ONE
[6] 23.1

Which three major developments took place in Indian politics during the last decade of the 20th century? Describe.

Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
Chapter: [0.027000000000000003] Rise of Popular Movements
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[6] 23.2

Briefly describe the story of Sikkim from the time of India's independence to its merger with India.

Concept: Challenges and Responses in the North East
Chapter: [0.027999999999999997] Regional Aspirations
[6] 24 | Attempt any ONE
[6] 24.1

Examine the major issues which led to the split of Congress part in 1969.

Concept: Congress Split and Reconstitution
Chapter: [0.025] Challenges to the Congress System
[6] 24.2

Explain the circumstances that led to the mid-term elections in 1980.

Concept: 1977 Elections and the Format on of Janata Party
Chapter: [0.026000000000000002] Crisis of the Democratic Order
[6] 25 | Attempt any ONE
[6] 25.1

Suppose there had been no Cold War, how would that situation have affected India's foreign policy.

Concept: Nehru'S Foreign Policy
Chapter: [0.024] India'S External Relations
[6] 25.2

If the Soviet Union had not disintegrated and the world had remained bipolar, how would that situation have affected the world politics?

Concept: Disintegration of the Soviet Union and Its Impact Or Consequences on the World Order
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Cold War Era
[6] 26 | Attempt any ONE
[6] 26.1

Give any three suitable arguments to support India's candidature for the permanent membership of the U.N. Security Council.

Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
Chapter: [0.017] Security in Contemporary World
[6] 26.2

How are the threats faced by the people in the Third World different from those faced by the people living in the First World? Support your answer with examples.

Concept: Emergence of Two Power Blocs After the Second World War
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Cold War Era
[6] 27 | Attempt any ONE
[6] 27.1

Analyse the political impact of hegemony of the U.S. on the world.

Concept: Dominance and Challenge to the Us in Economy and Ideology
Chapter: [0.013000000000000001] US Hegemony in World Politics
[6] 27.2

Analyse any three factors responsible for the European Union to be a highly influential regional organisation.

Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] Alternative Centres of Power

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