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Physics 55/1/3 2018-2019 CBSE (Science) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Physics [55/1/3]
Marks: 70Academic Year: 2018-2019
Date & Time: 5th March 2019, 2:30 pm
Duration: 3h
  • All questions are compulsory. There are 27 questions in all.
  • This question paper has four sections: Section A, Section B, Section C, and Section D.
  • Section A contains five questions of one mark each, Section B contains seven questions of two marks each, Section C contains twelve questions of three marks each, and Section D contains three questions of five marks each.
  • There is no overall choice. However, internal choices have been provided in two questions of one mark, two questions of two marks, four questions of three marks, and three questions of five marks weightage. You have to attempt only one of the choices in such questions.

SECTION - A
[1]1

Distinguish between unpolarized and linearly polarized light.

Concept: Plane Polarised Light
Chapter: [6.02] Wave Optics
[1]2
[1]2.1

Answer the following question.
Define the term "Threshold frequency", in the context of photoelectric emission.

Concept: Electron Emission
Chapter: [7.01] Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
OR
[1]2.2

Answer the following question.
Define the term "Intensity" in the photon picture of electromagnetic radiation.

Concept: Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity
Chapter: [3.01] Magnetism and Matter
[1]3

Answer the following question.
How is the drift velocity in a conductor affected with the rise in temperature?

Concept: Electric Currents in Conductors
Chapter: [2.01] Current Electricity
[1]4
[1]4.1

Answer the following question.
In the skywave mode of propagation, why is the frequency range of transmitting signals restricted to less than 30 MHz?

Concept: Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves
Chapter: [10.01] Communication Systems
OR
[1]4.2

Answer the following question.
On what factors does the range of coverage in ground wave propagation depend?

Concept: Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves
Chapter: [10.01] Communication Systems
[1]5

Answer the following question.
Draw the pattern of electric field lines when a point charge +q is kept near an uncharged conducting plate.

Concept: Electric Field Lines
Chapter: [1.02] Electric Charges and Fields
SECTION - B
[2]6
[1]6.1

Define the term: threshold frequency

Concept: Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect
Chapter: [7.01] Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Define the term: stopping potential in the photoelectric effect.

Concept: Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect
Chapter: [7.01] Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
[1]6.2

Answer the following question.
Plot a graph of photocurrent versus anode potential for radiation of frequency ν and intensities I1 and I2 (I1 < I2).

Concept: Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect
Chapter: [7.01] Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
[2]7

Answer the following question.
Why a signal transmitted from a TV tower cannot be received beyond a certain distance? Write the expression for the optimum separation between the receiving and the transmitting antenna.

Concept: Modulation and Its Necessity
Chapter: [10.01] Communication Systems
[2]8
[2]8.1

Answer the following question.
State Bohr's quantization condition of angular momentum. Calculate the shortest wavelength of the Bracket series and state to which part of the electromagnetic spectrum it belongs. 

Concept: De Broglie’S Explanation of Bohr’S Second Postulate of Quantisation
Chapter: [8.02] Atoms
OR
[2]8.2

Answer the following question.
Calculate the orbital period of the electron in the first excited state of the hydrogen atom.

Concept: Bohr'S Model for Hydrogen Atom
Chapter: [8.02] Atoms
[2]9

Answer the following question.
Why is the wave theory of electromagnetic radiation not able to explain the photoelectric effect? How does a photon picture resolve this problem?

Concept: Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light
Chapter: [7.01] Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
[2]10

Answer the following question.
Two bulbs are rated (P1, V) and (P2, V). If they are connected (i) in series and (ii) in parallel across a supply V, find the power dissipated in the two combinations in terms of P1 and P2.

Concept: Cells in Series and in Parallel
Chapter: [2.01] Current Electricity
[2]11

Answer the following question.
Obtain the expression for the ratio of the de-Broglie wavelengths associated with the electron orbiting in the second and third excited states of the hydrogen atom.

Concept: de-Broglie Relation
Chapter: [7.01] Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
[2]12

Answer the following question.
A charged particle q is moving in the presence of a magnetic field B which is inclined to an angle 30° with the direction of the motion of the particle. Draw the trajectory followed by the particle in the presence of the field and explain how the particle describes this path.

Concept: Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’S Nuclear Model of Atom
Chapter: [8.02] Atoms
SECTION - C
[3]13
[1]13.1

Answer the following question.
Explain briefly how Rutherford scattering of α-particle by a target nucleus can provide information on the size of the nucleus.

Concept: Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’S Nuclear Model of Atom
Chapter: [8.02] Atoms
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[2]13.2

Answer the following question.
Show that the density of the nucleus is independent of its mass number A.

Concept: Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus
Chapter: [8.01] Nuclei
[3]14

Answer the following question.
State the underlying principle of a cyclotron. Explain its working with the help of a schematic diagram. Obtain the expression for cyclotron frequency.

Concept: Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields - Cyclotron
Chapter: [3.02] Moving Charges and Magnetism
[3]15

Answer the following question.
Two infinitely long straight wire A1 and A2 carrying currents I and 2I flowing in the same direction are kept' distance apart. Where should a third straight wire A3 carrying current 1.5 I be placed between A1 and A2 so that it experiences no net force due to A1 and A2? Does the net force acting on A3 depend on the current flowing through it?

Concept: Force Between Two Parallel Currents, the Ampere
Chapter: [3.02] Moving Charges and Magnetism
[3]16
[1]16.1

Draw the equipotential surfaces due to an electric dipole.

Concept: Equipotential Surfaces
Chapter: [1.01] Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
[2]16.2

Answer the following question.
Derive an expression for the electric field due to a dipole of dipole moment `vec"p"` at a point on its perpendicular bisector.

Concept: Electric Field Lines
Chapter: [1.02] Electric Charges and Fields
[3]17
[3]17.1

Solve the following question.
Using Kirchhoff’s rules, calculate the current through the 40 Ω and 20 Ω  resistors in the following circuit. 

Concept: Kirchhoff’s Rules
Chapter: [2.01] Current Electricity
OR
[3]17.2

Answer the following question.
What is the end error in a meter bridge? How is it overcome? The resistances in the two arms of the metre bridge are R = Ω and S respectively.  When the resistance S is shunted with equal resistance, the new balance length found to be 1.5 l1, where l2 is the initial balancing length. calculate the value of s.

Concept: Cells, Emf, Internal Resistance
Chapter: [2.01] Current Electricity
[3]18
[2]18.1

Answer the following question.
Describe briefly the functions of the three segments of the n-p-n transistor.

Concept: Junction Transistor - Transistor: Structure and Action
Chapter: [9.01] Semiconductor Electronics - Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
[1]18.2

Answer the following question.
Draw the circuit arrangement for studying the output characteristics of an n-p-n transistor in CE configuration. Explain how the output characteristics is obtained.

Concept: Junction Transistor - Basic Transistor Circuit Configurations and Transistor Characteristics
Chapter: [9.01] Semiconductor Electronics - Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
OR
[3]18.3

Answer the following question.
Draw the circuit diagram of a full-wave rectifier and explain its working. Also, give the input and output waveforms.

Concept: Diode as a Rectifier
Chapter: [9.01] Semiconductor Electronics - Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
[3]19
[3]19.1

Answer the following question.
Define the term wavefront. Using Huygen's wave theory, verify the law of reflection.

Concept: Huygens Principle
Chapter: [6.02] Wave Optics
OR
[3]19.2

Answer the following question.
Define the term, "refractive index" of a medium. Verify Snell's law of refraction when a plane wavefront is propagating from a denser to a rarer medium.

Concept: Snell’s Law
Chapter: [6.01] Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
[3]20
[1]20.1

Identify the part of the electromagnetic spectrum used in
(i) radar and
(ii) eye surgery. Write their frequency range.

Concept: Electromagnetic Spectrum
Chapter: [5.01] Electromagnetic Waves
[2]20.2

Answer the following question.
Prove that the average energy density of the oscillating electric field is equal to that of the oscillating magnetic field.

Concept: Electric Field - Introduction of Electric Field
Chapter: [1.02] Electric Charges and Fields
[3]21

Draw a labelled ray diagram of an astronomical telescope in the near point adjustment position. A giant refracting telescope at an observatory has an objective lens of focal length 15 m and an eyepiece of focal length 1.0 cm. If this telescope is used to view the Moon, find the diameter of the image of the Moon formed by the objective lens. The diameter of the Moon is `3.48 xx 10^6`m, and the radius of the lunar orbit is `3.48 xx 10^8`m.

Concept: Optical Instruments - Telescope
Chapter: [6.01] Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
[3]22
[2]22.1

Answer the following question.
If A and B represent the maximum and minimum amplitudes of an amplitude-modulated wave, write the expression for the modulation index in terms of A and B.

Concept: Amplitude Modulation
Chapter: [10.01] Communication Systems
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[1]22.2

Solve the following question.
A message signal of frequency 20 kHz and peak voltage 10 V is used to modulate a carrier of frequency 2 MHz and peak voltage of 15 V. Calculate the modulation index. Why the modulation index is generally kept less than one? 

Concept: Amplitude Modulation
Chapter: [10.01] Communication Systems
[3]23
[2]23.1

Answer the following question.
State Gauss's law for magnetism. Explain its significance.

Concept: Gauss’s Law
Chapter: [1.02] Electric Charges and Fields
[1]23.2

Answer the following question.
Write the four important properties of the magnetic field lines due to a bar magnet.

Concept: The Bar Magnet
Chapter: [3.01] Magnetism and Matter
OR
[3]23.3

Answer the following question.
Write three points of differences between para-, dia- and ferromagnetic materials, giving one example for each. 

Concept: Magnetic Properties of Materials
Chapter: [3.01] Magnetism and Matter
[3]24
[2]24.1

Answer the following question.
Three photodiodes D1, D2, and D3 are made of semiconductors having band gaps of 2.5 eV, 2 eV, and 3 eV respectively. Which of them will not be able to detect light of wavelength 600 nm? 

Concept: Classification of Metals, Conductors and Semiconductors
Chapter: [9.01] Semiconductor Electronics - Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
[1]24.2

Answer the following question.
Why photodiodes are required to operate in reverse bias? Explain.

Concept: Semiconductor Diode
Chapter: [9.01] Semiconductor Electronics - Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
SECTION - D
[5]25
[3]25.1

Answer the following question.
Describe briefly the process of transferring the charge between the two plates of a parallel plate capacitor when connected to a battery. Derive an expression for the energy stored in a capacitor.

Concept: The Parallel Plate Capacitor
Chapter: [1.01] Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
[2]25.2

Solve the following question.
A parallel plate capacitor is charged by a battery to a potential difference V. It is disconnected from the battery and then connected to another uncharged capacitor of the same capacitance. Calculate the ratio of the energy stored in the combination to the initial energy on the single capacitor.   

Concept: The Parallel Plate Capacitor
Chapter: [1.01] Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
OR
[3]25.3

Answer the following question.
Derive an expression for the electric field at any point on the equatorial line of an electric dipole. 

Concept: Electric Dipole
Chapter: [1.02] Electric Charges and Fields
[2]25.4

Answer the following question.
Two identical point charges, q each, are kept 2m apart in the air. A third point charge Q of unknown magnitude and sign is placed on the line joining the charges such that the system remains in equilibrium. Find the position and nature of Q.

Concept: Equipotential Surfaces
Chapter: [1.01] Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
[5]26
[2]26.1

Answer the following question.
In a series LCR circuit connected across an ac source of variable frequency, obtain the expression for its impedance and draw a plot showing its variation with frequency of the ac source. 

Concept: Ac Voltage Applied to a Series Lcr Circuit
Chapter: [4.01] Alternating Current
[1]26.2

Answer the following question.
What is the phase difference between the voltages across the inductor and the capacitor at resonance in the LCR circuit? 

Concept: Ac Voltage Applied to a Series Lcr Circuit
Chapter: [4.01] Alternating Current
[2]26.3

Answer the following question.
When an inductor is connected to a 200 V dc voltage, a current at 1A flows through it. When the same inductor is connected to a 200 V, 50 Hz ac source, only 0.5 A current flows. Explain, why? Also, calculate the self-inductance of the inductor. 

Concept: Inductance - Self-Inductance
Chapter: [4.02] Electromagnetic Induction
OR
[3]26.4

Answer the following question.
Draw the diagram of a device that is used to decrease high ac voltage into a low ac voltage and state its working principle. Write four sources of energy loss in this device.  

Concept: Ac Voltage Applied to a Series Lcr Circuit
Chapter: [4.01] Alternating Current
[2]26.5

Answer the following question.
A small town with a demand of 1200 kW of electric power at 220 V is situated 20 km away from an electric plant generating power at 440 V. The resistance of the two wirelines carrying power is 0.5 Ω per km. The town gets the power from the line through a 4000-220 V step-down transformer at a sub-station in the town. Estimate the line power loss in the form of heat. 

Concept: Peak and Rms Value of Alternating Current Or Voltage
Chapter: [4.01] Alternating Current
[5]27
[3]27.1

Answer the following question.
Describe any two characteristic features which distinguish between interference and diffraction phenomena. Derive the expression for the intensity at a point of the interference pattern in Young's double-slit experiment.

Concept: Interference
Chapter: [6.02] Wave Optics
[2]27.2

Answer the following question.
In the diffraction due to a single slit experiment, the aperture of the slit is 3 mm. If monochromatic light of wavelength 620 nm is incident normally on the slit, calculate the separation between the first order minima and the 3rd order maxima on one side of the screen. The distance between the slit and the screen is 1.5 m.

Concept: Refraction of Monochromatic Light
Chapter: [6.02] Wave Optics
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OR
[3]27.3

Answer the following question.
Under what conditions is the phenomenon of total internal reflection of light observed? Obtain the relation between the critical angle of incidence and the refractive index of the medium.

Concept: Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors
Chapter: [6.01] Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
[2]27.4

Answer the following question.
Three lenses of focal length +10 cm, —10 cm and +30 cm are arranged coaxially as in the figure given below. Find the position of the final image formed by the combination. 

Concept: Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors
Chapter: [6.01] Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
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CBSE previous year question papers Class 12 Physics with solutions 2018 - 2019

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