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Geography Term 2 2021-2022 CBSE (Science) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Geography [Term 2]
Marks: 35 Academic Year: 2021-2022
Date: April 2022
Duration: 2h
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GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS :

  1. Question paper is divided into 5 sections A, B, C, D & E
  2. In section A, question number 1 to 3 are Very Short Answer type questions. Attempt any 3 questions.
  3. In section B, question number 4 is Source-based question.
  4. In section C, question number 5 & 6 are Short Answer based questions.
  5. In section D, question number 7 to 9 are Long Answer based questions.
  6. In section E, question number 10 is a Map-based question.

SECTION A - VERY SHORT ANSWER
[2] 1

Explain the prominent features of Traditional Large Scale industrial regions.

Concept: Industries Based on Ownership
Chapter: [0.06] Secondary Activities
[2] 2

Define Tertiary Activities.

Concept: Types of Tertiary Activities
Chapter: [0.07] Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
[2] 3
[2] 3.1

Differentiate between retail trading and wholesale trading.

Concept: Types of Tertiary Activities
Chapter: [0.07] Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
OR
[2] 3.2

Differentiate between departmental stores and chain stores.

Concept: Types of Tertiary Activities
Chapter: [0.07] Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
SECTION B - SOURCE BASED QUESTION
[3] 4
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[1] 4.1

‘Manufacturing Industry’

Manufacturing literally means ‘to make by hand’. However, now it includes goods ’made by machines’. It is essentially a process that involves transforming raw materials into finished goods of higher value for sale in local or distant markets. Conceptually, an industry is a geographically located manufacturing unit maintaining books of accounts and records under a management system. As the term industry is comprehensive, it is also used as synonymous with ‘manufacturing’. When one uses terms like ‘steel industry’ and ‘chemical industry’, one thinks of factories and processes. But there are many secondary activities which are not carried on in factories such as what is now called the ‘entertainment industry and ‘Tourism industry’, etc. So for clarity, the longer expression ‘manufacturing industry’ is used.

  • What do you understand by the term Manufacturing?
Concept: Manufacturing
Chapter: [0.06] Secondary Activities
[1] 4.2

‘Manufacturing Industry’

Manufacturing literally means ‘to make by hand’. However, now it includes goods ’made by machines’. It is essentially a process that involves transforming raw materials into finished goods of higher value for sale in local or distant markets. Conceptually, an industry is a geographically located manufacturing unit maintaining books of accounts and records under a management system. As the term industry is comprehensive, it is also used as synonymous with ‘manufacturing’. When one uses terms like ‘steel industry’ and ‘chemical industry’, one thinks of factories and processes. But there are many secondary activities which are not carried on in factories such as what is now called the ‘entertainment industry and ‘Tourism industry’, etc. So for clarity, the longer expression ‘manufacturing industry’ is used.

  • “Manufacturing involves value addition.” Explain with any one suitable example.
Concept: Manufacturing
Chapter: [0.06] Secondary Activities
[1] 4.3

‘Manufacturing Industry’

Manufacturing literally means ‘to make by hand’. However, now it includes goods ’made by machines’. It is essentially a process that involves transforming raw materials into finished goods of higher value for sale in local or distant markets. Conceptually, an industry is a geographically located manufacturing unit maintaining books of accounts and records under a management system. As the term industry is comprehensive, it is also used as synonymous with ‘manufacturing’. When one uses terms like ‘steel industry’ and ‘chemical industry’, one thinks of factories and processes. But there are many secondary activities which are not carried on in factories such as what is now called the ‘entertainment industry and ‘Tourism industry’, etc. So for clarity, the longer expression ‘manufacturing industry’ is used.

  • Name two industries which provide services rather than production of goods.
Concept: Manufacturing
Chapter: [0.06] Secondary Activities
SECTION C - SHORT ANSWER
[3] 5

Road transport plays a vital role in the promotion of trade and tourism in the world. Support this statement with three suitable arguments

Concept: Business Services - Transport
Chapter: [0.08] Transport and Communication
[3] 6
[3] 6.1

Satellites and computers have brought revolutionary changes in the present life of the people. Elaborate the statement with three suitable examples.

Concept: Business Services - Communication
Chapter: [0.08] Transport and Communication
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OR
[3] 6.2

Evaluate the role and importance of roads in the economic development of India?

Concept: Mode of Transport
Chapter: [0.08] Transport and Communication
SECTION D - LONG ANSWER
[5] 7

How do Quaternary services differ from Tertiary services? Give three reasons why the service sector in developing and developed countries is growing faster than the manufacturing sector?

Concept: Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
Chapter: [0.07] Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
[5] 8
[5] 8.1

How is the use of plastic bags harmful for environmental degradation? Evaluate it by citing suitable reasons.

Concept: Environmental Pollution - Introduction
Chapter: [0.12] Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems
OR
[5] 8.2

The disposal of urban waste has become a serious concern for the local authorities. Analyze the statement with suitable examples.

Concept: Environmental Pollution - Introduction
Chapter: [0.12] Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems
[5] 9

Attaining Sustainable development in the command area requires major thrust upon the measures to achieve ecological sustainability. Highlight the measures proposed to promote sustainable development in the command area of Indira Gandhi Rajasthan Canal.

Concept: Water Transport
Chapter: [0.08] Transport and Communication
SECTION E - MAP
[5] 10 | Attempt any 5 :

On the outline map of India indicate and mark the following features.

  1. Iron ore mines of Chhattisgarh
  2. Oil Refinery located in Uttar Pradesh.
  3. The largest Lignite coal mines.
  4. Easternmost terminal of East-West Corridor
  5. Southernmost Metropolitan city connected by Golden Quadrilateral.
  6. Oldest Copper mines of Rajasthan

Concept: Introduction to Human Geography Nature and Scopes
Chapter: [0.01] Human Geography - Nature and Scope

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