Accountancy Analysis of Financial Statements 2022-2023 Commerce (English Medium) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Accountancy [Analysis of Financial Statements]
Marks: 80 CBSE
Commerce (English Medium)
Arts (English Medium)

Academic Year: 2022-2023
Date: March 2023
Duration: 3h
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GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS:

  1. This question paper contains 34 questions. All questions are compulsory.
  2. This question paper is divided into two parts, Part A and B.
  3. Part - A is compulsory for all candidates.
  4. Part - B has two options i.e. (i) Analysis of Financial Statements and (ii) Computerised Accounting. Students must attempt only one of the given options.
  5. Questions 1 to 16 and 27 to 30 carry 1 mark each.
  6. Questions 17 to 20, 31and 32 carry 3 marks each.
  7. Questions from 21,22, and 33 carry 4 marks each.
  8. Questions from 23 to 26 and 34 carry 6 marks each.
  9. There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in 7 questions of one mark, 2 questions of three marks, 1 question of four marks, and 2 questions of six marks.

Part A : Accounting for Partnership Firms and Companies
[1]1

Navya and Radhey were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 1. Shreya was admitted for 1/5th share in the profits. Shreya was unable to bring her share of goodwill premium in cash. The journal entry recorded for goodwill premium is given below:

Date Particulars LF Debit (₹) Credit (₹)
  Shreya’s Current A/c   Dr.   24,000  
  To Navya’s Capital A/c     8,000
  To Radhey’s Capital A/c     16,000
  (Being entry for goodwill treatment passed)      

The new profit-sharing ratio of Navya, Radhey and Shreya will be ______.

41 : 7 : 12

13 : 12 : 10

3 : 1 : 1

5 : 3 : 2

Concept: Admission of a Partner - Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]2

Assertion (A) - Commission provided to partner is shown in Profit and Loss A/c.

Reason (R) - Commission provided to partner is charge against profits and is to be provided at a fixed rate.

(A) is correct but (R) is wrong

Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

Both (A) and (R) are incorrect.

Both (A) and (R) are correct, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

Concept: Methods of Capital Accounts - Fixed and Fluctuating Capital Method
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]3
[1]3.1

A share of ₹ 10 each, issued at ₹ 4 premium out of which ₹ 7 (including ₹ 1 premium) was called up and paid up. The uncalled Capital will be _______.

₹ 7 per share

₹ 4 per share

₹ 8 per share

₹ 3 per share

Concept: Calls in Advance and Arrears
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
OR
[1]3.2

While issuing _______ type of Debentures, company doesn’t give any undertaking for the repayment of money borrowed by issuing such debentures.

Zero Coupon Rate Debentures

Non-Convertible Debentures

Secured Debentures

Non-Redeemable Debentures

Concept: Issue of Debentures with Terms of Redemption
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Issue and Redemption of Debentures [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[1]4
[1]4.1

Samiksha, Arshiya and Divya were partners in firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. With effect from 1st April 2022, they agreed to share future profits and losses in the ratio of 2 : 5 : 3. Their Balance Sheet showed a debit balance of ₹ 50,000 in the Profit and Loss Account and a balance of ₹ 40,000 in the Investment Fluctuation Fund. The market value of an investment is ₹ 30,000 against the book value of ₹ 50,000. Partners have decided, not to show revised value in the balance sheet and to pass an adjusting entry for it. Which of the following is the correct treatment of the above?

Samiksha’s Capital A/c  ... Dr. 9,000  
To Arshiya’s Capital A/c   6,000
To Divya’s Capital A/c   3,000
Arshiya’s Capital A/c. Dr. 5,000  
To Samiksha's Capital A/c   2,000
To Divya’s Capital A/c   3,000
Arshiya’s Capital A/c. Dr. 2,000  
Divya’s Capital A/c 1,000  
To Samiksha's Capital A/c   3,000
Arshiya’s Capital A/c. Dr. 6,000  
Divya’s Capital A/c 3,000  
To Samiksha's Capital A/c   9,000
Concept: Meaning and Definitions of Partnership and Partnership Deed
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
OR
[1]4.2

Sohan and Mohan are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2:3 with capitals of ₹ 5,00,000 and ₹ 6,00,000 respectively. On 1st January 2022, Sohan and Mohan granted loans of ₹ 20,000 and ₹ 10,000 respectively to the firm. Determine the amount of loss borne by each partner for the year ended 31st March 2022 if the loss before interest for the year amounted to ₹ 2,500.

Share of Loss Sohan – ₹ 1,250, Mohan – ₹ 1,250

Share of Loss Sohan – ₹ 1,000, Mohan – ₹ 1,500

Share of Loss Sohan – ₹ 820, Mohan – ₹ 1,230

Share of Loss Sohan – ₹ 1,180, Mohan – ₹ 1,770

Concept: Meaning and Definitions of Partnership and Partnership Deed
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]5

Vihaan and Mann are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 2. The firm maintains fluctuating capital accounts and the balance of the same as on 31st March 2022 is ₹ 4,00,000 and ₹ 4,65,000 for Vihaan and Mann respectively. Drawings during the year were ₹ 65,000 each. As per the partnership Deed, Interest on capital @ 10% p.a. on Opening Capital has been allowed to them. Calculate the opening capital of Vihaan given that the divisible profits during the year 2021-22 were ₹ 2,25,000.

₹ 3,30,000

₹ 4,40,000

₹ 4,00,000

₹ 3,00,000

Concept: Methods of Capital Accounts - Fixed and Fluctuating Capital Method
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]6
[1]6.1

Savitri Ltd. issued 50,000, 8% Debentures of ₹ 100 each at a certain rate of premium and to be redeemed at 10% premium. At the time of writing off Loss on Issue of Debentures, Statement of Profit and Loss was debited with ₹ 2,00,000. At what rate of premium, these debentures were issued?

10%

16%

6%

4%

Concept: Issue of Debentures at Par at Premium and at Discount
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
OR
[1]6.2

Durga Ltd. issued 80,000, 10% Debentures of ₹ 100 each at a certain rate of discount and were to be redeemed at 20% premium. Existing balance of Securities Premium before issuing of these debentures was ₹ 25,00,000 and after writing off Loss on the Issue of Debentures, the balance in Securities Premium was ₹ 5,00,000. At what rate of discount, these debentures were issued?

10%

5%

25%

15%

Concept: Issue of Debentures at Par at Premium and at Discount
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[1]7

Attire Ltd. issued a prospectus inviting applications for 12,000 shares of ₹ 10 each payable ₹ 3 on application, ₹ 5 on allotment and balance on a call. Public had applied for a certain number of shares and application money was received. Which of the following application money, if received restricts the company to proceed with the allotment of shares, as per SEBI guidelines?

₹ 36,000

₹ 45,000

₹ 30,000

₹ 32,400

Concept: Accounting for Share Capital
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[1]8
[1]8.1

Amay, Bina and Chander are partners in a firm with capital balances of ₹ 50,000, ₹ 70,000 and ₹ 80,000 respectively on 31st March, 2022. Amay decides to retire from the firm on 31st March 2022. With the help of the information provided, calculate the amount to be paid to Amay on his retirement. There existed a general reserve of ₹ 7,500 in the balance sheet on that date. The goodwill of the firm was valued at ₹ 30,000. Gain on revaluation was ₹ 24,000.

₹ 88,500

₹ 90,500

₹ 65,375

₹ 70,500

Concept: Retirement or Death of a Partner - Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Retirement/Death of a Partner [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
OR
[1]8.2

A, B and C are partners. A‘s capital is ₹ 3,00,000 and B‘s capital is ₹ 1,00,000. C has not invested any amount as capital but he alone manages the whole business. C wants 30,000 p.a. as salary, though the deed is silent. Firm earned a profit of ₹ 1,50,000. How much will each partner receives as an appropriation of profits?

A - ₹ 60,000; B - ₹ 60,000; C - ₹ 30,000

A - ₹ 90,000; B - ₹ 30,000; C - ₹ 30,000

A - ₹ 40,000; B - ₹ 40,000 and C - ₹ 70,000

A - ₹ 50,000; B - ₹ 50,000 and C - ₹ 50,000

Concept: Preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation Account
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
Read the following hypothetical situation, Answer Question No. 9 and 10
[1]9

Puneet and Raju are partners in a clay toys making firm. Their capitals were ₹ 5,00,000 and ₹ 10,00,000 respectively. The firm allowed Puneet to get a commission of 10% on the net profit before charging any commission and Raju to get a commission of 10% on the net profit after charging all commissions. Following is the Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended 31st March 2022.

Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for
the year ended 31st March 2022
Cr.
Particulars Amount
(₹)
Particulars Amount (₹)
To Puneet’s Capital A/c (Commission)
(------ x 10/100)
44,000 By Profit and Loss A/c ______
To Raju’s Capital A/c
(Commission)
______    
To Profit share transferred to:-      
Puneet’s Capital A/c ______    
Raju’s Capital A/c ______    
  ______   ______

Raju’s commission will be ______.

₹ 40,000

₹ 44,000

₹ 36,000

₹ 36,440

Concept: Preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation Account
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]10

Puneet and Raju are partners in a clay toys making firm. Their capitals were ₹ 5,00,000 and ₹ 10,00,000 respectively. The firm allowed Puneet to get a commission of 10% on the net profit before charging any commission and Raju to get a commission of 10% on the net profit after charging all commissions. Following is the Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended 31st March 2022.

Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for
the year ended 31st March 2022
Cr.
Particulars Amount
(₹)
Particulars Amount (₹)
To Puneet’s Capital A/c (Commission)
(------ x 10/100)
44,000 By Profit and Loss A/c ______
To Raju’s Capital A/c
(Commission)
______    
To Profit share transferred to:-      
Puneet’s Capital A/c ______    
Raju’s Capital A/c ______    
  ______   ______

Puneet’s share of profit will be ______.

₹ 1,80,000

₹ 1,44,000

₹ 2,16,000

₹ 1,60,000

Concept: Preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation Account
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]11

Choose the correct sequence of the following transactions in context of Division of Profits.

  1. Guarantee by Firm to Partners
  2. Guarantee by Partners to Firm
  3. Transfer of Profits to Profit and Loss Appropriation Account
  4. Guarantee by Partner to Partner

(i); (iii); (iv); (ii)

(iii); (i); (ii); (iv)

(iii); (ii); (i); (iv)

(ii); (iii); (iv); (i)

Concept: Division of Profit Among Partners
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]12

If 10,000 shares of ₹ 10 each were forfeited for non-payment of final call money of ₹ 3 per share and only 7,000 shares were re-issued @ ₹ 11 per share as fully paid up, then what is the amount of maximum possible discount that company can allow at the time of re-issue of the remaining 3,000 shares?

₹ 28,000

₹ 21,000

₹ 9,000

₹ 16,000

Concept: Accounting Treatment of Forfeiture and Re-issue of Share
Chapter: [0.021] Accounting for Share Capital [0.032] Accounting for Companies
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[1]13

As per Companies Act 2013, Securities Premium Balance can be utilised for which of the following purpose?

Issuing bonus to existing shareholders to convert partly paid-up into fully paid-up bonus shares.

Providing for Premium payable on Redemption of Debentures.

Writing off all Capitalised Expenditures

Buy Back of Debentures

Concept: Issue of Debentures at Par at Premium and at Discount
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[1]14

Ganga and Jamuna are partners sharing profits in the ratio of 2 : 1. They admit Saraswati for 1/5th share in future profits. On the date of admission, Ganga’s capital was ₹ 1,02,000 and Jamuna’s capital was ₹ 73,000. Saraswati brings ₹  25,000 as her share of goodwill and she agrees to contribute proportionate capital to the new firm. How much capital will be brought by Saraswati?

₹ 43,750

₹ 37,500

₹ 50,000

₹ 40,000

Concept: Admission of a Partner - Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]15
[1]15.1

Green and Orange are partners. Green draws a fixed amount at the beginning of every month. Interest on drawings is charged @8% p.a. At the end of the year interest on Green's drawings amounts to ₹ 2,600. Monthly drawings of Green were ______.

₹ 8,000

₹ 60,000

₹ 7,000

₹ 5,000

Concept: Past adjustments
Chapter: [0.012] Accounting for Partnership : Basic Concepts [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
OR
[1]15.2

Girdhar, a partner withdrew ₹ 5,000 in the beginning of each quarter and interest on drawings was calculated as ₹ 1,500 at the end of accounting year 31 March 2022. What is the rate of interest on drawings charged?

6% p.a.

8% p.a.

10% p.a.

12% p.a.

Concept: Past adjustments
Chapter: [0.012] Accounting for Partnership : Basic Concepts [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]16

At the time of dissolution of a firm, Creditors are ₹ 70,000; Firm’s Capital is ₹ 1,20,000; Cash Balance is ₹ 10,000. Other assets realised ₹ 1,50,000. Gain/Loss in the realisation account will be ______.

₹ 30,000 (Gain)

₹ 40,000 (Gain)

₹ 40,000 (Loss)

₹ 30,000 (Loss)

Concept: Dissolution of Partnership Firm
Chapter: [0.015] Dissolution of Partnership Firm [0.015] Dissolution of Partnership Firm [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[3]17

Nirmala, Divisha and Sara were partners in firm sharing profits and losses in the 3 : 4 : 3. Books were closed on 31st March every year. Sara died on 1st February, 2022. As per the partnership deed, Sara's executors are entitled to her share of profit till the date of death on the basis of Sales turnover. Sales for the year ended 31st March 2021 was ₹ 10,00,000 and profit for the same year was ₹ 1,20,000. Sales show a positive trend of 20% and the percentage of profit earning is reduced by 2%.

Journalise the transaction along with the working notes.

Concept: Meaning and Definitions of Partnership and Partnership Deed
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[3]18
[3]18.1

Amay, Anmol, and Rohan entered into a partnership on 1st July 2021 to share profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. Amay guaranteed that Rohan’s share of profit after charging interest on capital @ 6% p.a would not be less than ₹ 36,000 p.a. Their fixed capital balances are: ₹ 2,00,000, ₹ 1,00,000 and ₹ 1,00,000 respectively. Profit for the year ended 31st March, 2022 was ₹1,38,000. Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation A/c.

Concept: Preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation Account
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
OR
[3]18.2

Ajay, Manish and Sachin were partners sharing profits in the ratio 5:3:2. Their Capitals were ₹ 6,00,000; ₹ 8,00,000 and ₹ 11,00,000 as on April 01, 2021. As per Partnership deed, Interest on Capitals were to be provided @ 10% p.a. For the year ended March 31, 2022, Profits of ₹ 2,00,000 were distributed without providing for Interest on Capitals. Pass an adjustment entry and show the workings clearly.

Concept: Meaning and Definitions of Partnership and Partnership Deed
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[3]19
[3]19.1

Anthony Ltd. issued 20,000, 9% Debentures of ₹ 100 each at 10% discount to Mithoo Ltd. from whom Assets of ₹ 23,50,000 and Liabilities of ₹ 6,00,000 were taken over. Pass entries in the books of Anthony Ltd. if these debentures were to be redeemed at 5% premium.

Concept: Meaning and Concept of Debentures
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
OR
[3]19.2

Random Ltd. took over running business of Mature Ltd. comprising of Assets of ₹ 45,00,000 and Liabilities of ₹ 6,40,000 for a purchase consideration of ₹ 36,00,000. The amount was settled by bank draft of ₹ 1,50,000 and balance by issuing 12% preference shares of ₹ 100 each at 15% premium. Pass entries in the books of Random Ltd.

Concept: Meaning and Concept of Debentures
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[3]20

Doremon, Shinchan and Nobita are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 2 : 1. With effect from 1st April, 2022 they agree to share profits equally. For this purpose, goodwill is to be valued at two year’s purchase of the average profit of the last four years which were as follows:

Year ending on 31st March, 2019 ₹ 50,000 (Profit)
Year ending on 31st March, 2020 ₹ 1,20,000 (Profit)
Year ending on 31st March, 2021 ₹ 1,80,000 (Profit)
Year ending on 31st March, 2022 ₹ 70,000 (Loss)

On 1st April, 2021 a Motor Bike costing ₹ 50,000 was purchased and debited to travelling expenses account, on which depreciation is to be charged @ 20% p.a by Straight Line Method. The firm also paid an annual insurance premium of ₹ 20,000 which had already been charged to Profit and Loss Account for all the years.

Journalise the transaction along with the working notes.

Concept: Concept of Goodwill
Chapter: [0.013000000000000001] Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Admission of a Partner [0.013999999999999999] Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Retirement/Death of a Partner [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[4]21

Altaur Ltd. was registered with an authorised Capital of ₹ 4,00,00,000 divided in 25,00,000 Equity Shares of ₹ 10 each and 1,50,000, 9% Preference Shares of ₹ 100 each. The company issued 8,00,000 Equity Shares for public subscription at 20% premium, payable ₹ 3 on the application; ₹ 7 on the allotment (including premium) and balance on a call. The public had applied for 10,00,000 shares. Excess Applications were sent letters of regret.

All the dues on allotment received except on 15,000 shares held by Sanju. Another shareholder Rocky paid his call dues along with allotment on his holding of 25,000 shares. You are required to prepare the Balance Sheet of the company as per Schedule III of Companies Act, 2013, showing Share Capital balance and also prepare Notes to Accounts.

Concept: Public Subscription of Shares
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[4]22

Charu, Dhwani, Iknoor and Paavni were partners in a firm. They had entered into partnership firm last year only, through a verbal agreement. They contributed Capitals in the firm and to meet other financial requirements, few partners also provided loan to the firm. Within a year, their conflicts arisen due to certain disagreements and they decided to dissolve the firm. The firm had appointed Ms. Kavya, who is a financial advisor and legal consultant, to carry on the dissolution process. In the first instance, Ms. Kavya had transferred various assets and external liabilities to Realisation A/c. Due to her busy schedule; Ms. Kavya has delegated this assignment to you, being an intern in her firm. On the date of dissolution, you have observed the following transactions:

  1. Dhwani’s Loan of ₹ 50,000 to the firm was settled by paying ₹ 42,000.
  2. Paavni’s Loan of ₹ 40,000 was settled by giving an unrecorded asset of ₹ 45,000.
  3. Loan to Charu of ₹ 60,000 was settled by payment to Charu’s brother loan of the same amount.
  4. Iknoor’s Loan of ₹ 80,000 to the firm and she took over Machinery of ₹ 60,000 as part payment.

You are required to pass necessary entries for all the above-mentioned transactions.

Concept: Dissolution of Partnership Firm
Chapter: [0.015] Dissolution of Partnership Firm [0.015] Dissolution of Partnership Firm [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[6]23
[6]23.1

OTUA Ltd. was registered with an authorised capital of 2,00,000 equity shares of ₹ 100 each. The company offered 60,000 shares for public subscription at 25% premium. The share was payable as ₹ 40 on application and balance on allotment, with premium. Public had applied for 85,000 shares. Pro-rata allotment was made in the ratio of 5:4 and remaining applications were sent letters of regret.

Mr. Anand holding 4,000 shares failed to pay allotment money and his shares were forfeited. Out of these 3,000 shares were re-issued at a discount of ₹ 20 per share. Pass necessary entries in the books of OTUA Ltd.

Concept: Public Subscription of Shares
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
OR
[6]23.2
[3]23.2.1

Pass entries for forfeiture and re-issue in the following case.

Vikram Ltd. forfeited 5,000 shares of Rahul, who had applied for 6,000 shares for non-payment of allotment money of ₹ 5 per share and first and final call of ₹ 2 per share. Only application money of ₹ 3 was paid by him. Out of these 3,000 shares were re-issued @ ₹ 12 per share as fully paid.

Concept: Accounting Treatment of Forfeiture and Re-issue of Share
Chapter: [0.021] Accounting for Share Capital [0.032] Accounting for Companies
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[3]23.2.2

Pass entries for forfeiture and re-issue in the following case.

Ratan Ltd. forfeited 3,000 shares of ₹ 10 each (issued at ₹ 2 premium) for non-payment of first call of ₹ 2 per share. Final call of ₹ 3 per share was not yet made. Out of these 2,000 shares were re-issued at ₹ 10 per share as fully paid.

Concept: Accounting Treatment of Forfeiture and Re-issue of Share
Chapter: [0.021] Accounting for Share Capital [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[6]24
[6]24.1

X and Y were partners in the profit-sharing ratio of 3 : 2. Their balance sheet as at March 31, 2022 was as follows:

Balance Sheet as at March 31, 2022
Liabilities   Amount (₹) Assets   Amount (₹)
Creditors   56,000 Plant and Machinery   70,000
General Reserve   14,000 Buildings   98,000
Capital Accounts:     Stock   21,000
X 1,19,000 2,31,000 Debtors 42,000 35,000
Y 1,12,000 (-) Provision 7,000
      Cash in Hand   77,000
    3,01,000     3,01,000

Z was admitted for 1/6th share on the following terms:

  1. Z will bring ₹ 56,000 as his share of capital but was not able to bring any amount to compensate the sacrificing partners.
  2. Goodwill of the firm is valued at ₹. 84,000.
  3. Plant and Machinery were found to be undervalued by ₹ 14,000 Building was to be brought up to ₹ 1,09,000.
  4. All debtors are good.
  5. Capitals of X and Y will be adjusted on the basis of Z’s share and adjustments will be done by opening necessary current accounts.

You are required to prepare revaluation account and partners’ capital account.

Concept: Preparation of Revaluation Account and Balance Sheet
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
OR
[6]24.2

P, Q and R were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3 : 2 : 1 respectively. On March 31st, 2022, the balance sheet of the firm stood as follows:

Balance Sheet
Liabilities   Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹)
Creditors   13,000 Cash 4,700
Bills Payable   590 Debtors 8,000
Capital Accounts:     Stock 11,690
P 15,000 35,000 Buildings 23,000
Q 10,000 Profit and Loss A/c 1,200
R 10,000    
    48,590   48,590

Q retired on the above-mentioned date on the following terms:

  1. Buildings to be appreciated by ₹ 7,000
  2. A provision for doubtful debts to be made at 5 % on debtors.
  3. Goodwill of the firm is valued at ₹ 18,000 and adjustment to be made by raising and writing off the goodwill.
  4. ₹ 2,800 was to be paid to Q immediately and the balance in his capital account to be transferred to his loan account carrying interest as per the agreement.
  5. Remaining partner decided to maintain equal capital balances, by opening current account.

Prepare the revaluation account and partner’s capital accounts.

Concept: Retirement or Death of a Partner - Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Retirement/Death of a Partner [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[6]25

A, B and C were partners sharing P & L in the ratio 5:3:2. A died on 30th June, 2019. Entry for treatment of goodwill after his death was passed as follows:

Date Particulars L.F. Debit (₹) Credit (₹)
  B’s Capital A/c    ...Dr.   1,80,000  
  C’s Capital A/c    ...Dr.   1,20,000  
  To A’s Capital A/c     3,00,000
  (Entry for goodwill treatment passed at the time of death of partner)      

A’s profit till date of death was estimated as ₹ 1,20,000, based on the average profits of past three years. Final dues payable to A’s executors on the date of death was calculated as ₹ 8,40,000 out of which ₹ 2,40,000 was paid immediately by giving him Furniture valued for the same and balance was to be paid in three equal annual installments starting from 30 June 2020, together with an interest rate as specified in Section 37 of Indian Partnership Act, 1932. Pass necessary entry for profit share to be credited to A’s Capital and also prepare A’s executor's account till final settlement.

Concept: Calculation of Deceased Partner's Share of Profit Till the Date of Death
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[6]26

Health2Wealth Ltd. had share capital of ₹ 80,00,000 divided in shares of ₹ 100 each and 20,000, 8% Debentures of ₹ 100 each as part of capital employed. The company need additional funds of ₹ 55,00,000 for which they decided to issue debentures in such a way that they got required funds after issuing debentures of the same class as earlier, at 10% premium. These debentures were to be redeemed at 20% premium after 4 years. These debentures were issued on 01 October, 2021.

You are required to

  1. Pass entries for issue of Debentures.
  2. Prepare Loss on Issue of Debentures Account assuming there was existing balance of Securities Premium Account of ₹ 2,80,000.
  3. Pass entries for Interest on debentures on March 31, 2022 assuming interest is payable on 30 September and 31 March every year.
Concept: Issue of Debentures at Par at Premium and at Discount
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
Part B : Analysis of Financial Statements
[1]27
[1]27.1

Financial statements are prepared on certain basic assumptions (pre-requisites) known as ______.

Provision of Companies Act,2013

Accounting Standards

Postulates

Basis of Accounting

Concept: Nature of Financial Statements
Chapter: [0.023] Financial Statements of a Company
OR
[1]27.2

Which one of the following is correct?

  1. Quick Ratio can be more than Current Ratio.
  2. High Inventory Turnover ratio is good for the organisation, except when goods are bought in small lots or sold quickly at low margins to realise cash.
  3. Sum of Operating Ratio and Operating Profit ratio is always 100%.

All are correct.

Only (i) and (iii) are correct.

Only (ii) and (iii) are correct.

Only (i) and (ii) are correct.

Concept: Types of Ratios
Chapter: [0.025] Accounting Ratios
[1]28

From the following calculate Interest coverage ratio

Net profit after tax Rs 12,00,000; 10% debentures Rs 1,00,00,000; Tax Rate 40%

1.2 times

3 times

2 times

5 times

Concept: Types of Ratios
Chapter: [0.025] Accounting Ratios
[1]29
[1]29.1

Insurance Claim received by Albert Co. Ltd. of ₹ 5,00,000 for Loss of Machinery due to theft will be recorded in Cash Flow Statement in which of the following manner?

Added under Operating Activities as Extraordinary Item and Subtracted from Operating Activities also.

Subtracted under Operating Activities as Extraordinary Item and Added to Operating Activities also.

Added under Operating Activities as Extraordinary Item and Outflow under Investing Activity also.

Subtracted under Operating Activities as Extraordinary Item and Inflow under Investing Activities also.

Concept: Classification of Activities for the Preparation of Cash Flow Statement
Chapter: [0.026000000000000002] Cash Flow Statement
OR
[1]29.2

A company issued 20,000; 9% Debentures of ₹ 100 each at 10% Discount. These debentures were to be redeemed at 15% Premium at the end of 5 years. The balance in Securities Premium Account as of the date of Issue was ₹ 3,70,000. How this transaction will be reflected in Cash Flow Statement?

Added ₹ 1,30,000 under Operating Activities as Loss on Issue of Debentures written off and Inflow of ₹ 20,00,000 under Financing Activities.

Added ₹ 5,00,000 under Operating Activities as Loss on Issue of Debentures written off and Inflow of ₹ 18,00,000 under Financing Activities.

Added ₹ 1,30,000 under Operating Activities as Loss on Issue of Debentures written off and Inflow of ₹ 18,00,000 under Financing Activities.

Added ₹ 5,00,000 under Operating Activities as Loss on Issue of Debentures written off and Inflow of ₹ 20,00,000 under Financing Activities.

Concept: Classification of Activities for the Preparation of Cash Flow Statement
Chapter: [0.026000000000000002] Cash Flow Statement
[1]30

From the following information find out the inflow of Cash by sale of Office equipment

  31st March, 2022 31st March, 2021
Office Equipment ₹ 2,00,000 ₹ 3,00,000

Additional Information:

Depreciation for the year 2021-22 was Rs. 40,000

Purchase of Office Equipment purchased during the year Rs. 30,000

Part of Office Equipment sold at a profit of Rs. 12,000

₹ 1,00,000

₹ 1,02,000

₹ 90,000

₹ 1,12,000

Concept: Cash and Cash Equivalents
Chapter: [0.026000000000000002] Cash Flow Statement
[3]31

Classify the following items under Major heads and Sub-head (if any) in the Balance Sheet of a Company as per schedule III of the Companies Act 2013.

  1. Current maturities of long-term debts
  2. Furniture and Fixtures
  3. Provision for Warranties
  4. Income received in advance
  5. Capital Advances
  6. Advances recoverable in cash within the operation cycle
Concept: Statement of Profit and Loss and Balance Sheet in the Prescribed Form with Major Headings and Sub Headings
Chapter: [0.040999999999999995] Analysis of Financial Statements
[3]32

Lala Ltd. and Bala Ltd. use different accounting policies for inventory valuation. These variations leave a big question mark on the cross-sectional analysis and comparison of these two firms was not possible.

Identify the limitation of the Ratio Analysis highlighted in the above situation. Also, explain any two other limitations of Ratio Analysis apart from the identified above.

Concept: Limitations of Ratio Analysis
Chapter: [0.025] Accounting Ratios
[4]33
[4]33.1

Determine Return on Investment and Net Assets Turnover ratio from the following information:

Profits after Tax were ₹ 6,00,000; Tax rate was 40%; 15% Debentures were of ₹20,00,000; 10% Bank Loan was ₹ 20,00,000; 12% Preference Share Capital ₹ 30,00,000; Equity Share Capital ₹ 40,00,000 ; Reserves and Surplus were ₹ 10,00,000; Sales ₹ 3,75,00,000 and Sales Return ₹ 15,00,000.

Concept: Types of Ratios
Chapter: [0.025] Accounting Ratios
OR
[4]33.2

Debt to Capital Employed ratio is 0.3:1. State whether the following transaction, will improve, decline or will have no change on the Debt to Capital Employed Ratio. Also give reasons for the same.

Sale of Equipment costing ₹ 10,00,000 for ₹ 9,00,000.

Ratio will improve.

Ratio will decline.

Ratio has no change

Concept: Types of Ratios
Chapter: [0.025] Accounting Ratios

Debt to Capital Employed ratio is 0.3:1. State whether the following transaction, will improve, decline or will have no change on the Debt to Capital Employed Ratio. Also give a reason for the same.

Purchased Goods on Credit for ₹ 1,00,000 for a credit of 15 months, assuming operating cycle is of 18 months.

Ratio will improve.

Ratio will decline.

Ratio has no change.

Concept: Types of Ratios
Chapter: [0.025] Accounting Ratios

Debt to Capital Employed ratio is 0.3:1. State whether the following transaction, will improve, decline or will have no change on the Debt to Capital Employed Ratio. Also give a reason for the same.

Conversion of Debentures into Equity Shares of ₹ 2,00,000.

Ratio will improve.

Ratio will decline.

Ratio has no change.

Concept: Types of Ratios
Chapter: [0.025] Accounting Ratios

Debt to Capital Employed ratio is 0.3:1. State whether the following transaction, will improve, decline or will have no change on the Debt to Capital Employed Ratio. Also give a reason for the same.

Tax Refund of ₹ 50,000 during the year.

Ratio will improve.

Ratio will decline.

Ratio has no change.

Concept: Types of Ratios
Chapter: [0.025] Accounting Ratios
[6]34

Read the following hypothetical text and answer the given questions on the basis of the same:

Aashna, an alumnus of CBSE School, initiated her start up Smartpay, in 2015. Smartpay is a service platform that processes payments via UPI and POS, and provides credit or loans to their clients. During the year 2021-22, Smartpay issued bonus shares in the ratio of 5:1 by capitalising reserves. The profits of Smartpay in the year 2021-22 after all appropriations was ₹ 7,50,000. This profit was arrived after taking into consideration the following items -

Particulars Amount (₹)
Interim Dividend paid during the year 90,000
Depreciation on Machinery 40,000
Loss of Machinery due to fire 20,000
Insurance claim received for Loss of
Machinery due to Fire
10,000
Interest on Non-Current Investments received 30,000
Tax Refund 20,000

Additional Information:

Particulars 31.3.22 (₹) 31.3.21
(₹)
Equity Share Capital 12,00,000 10,00,000
Securities Premium Account 3,00,000 5,00,000
General Reserve 1,50,000 1,50,000
Investment in Marketable Securities 1,50,000 1,00,000
Cash in hand 2,00,000 3,00,000
Machinery 3,00,000 2,00,000
10% Non-Current Investments 4,00,000 3,00,000
Bank Overdraft 2,50,000 2,00,000
Goodwill 30,000 80,000
Provision for Tax 80,000 60,000
  1. Goodwill purchased during the year was ₹ 20,000.
  2. Proposed Dividend for the year ended March 31, 2021 was ₹ 1,60,000 and for the year ended March 31, 2022 was ₹ 2,00,000.

You are required to:

  1. Calculate Net Profit before tax and extraordinary items.
  2. Calculate Operating profit before working capital changes.
  3. Calculate Cash flow from Investing activities.
  4. Calculate Cash flow from Financing activities.
  5. Calculate closing cash and cash equivalents.
Concept: Classification of Activities for the Preparation of Cash Flow Statement
Chapter: [0.026000000000000002] Cash Flow Statement

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