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Science Delhi Set 3 2011-2012 CBSE Class 10 Question Paper Solution

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Science [Delhi Set 3]
Marks: 80Academic Year: 2011-2012
Date: March 2012

[1]1

Name the functional group present in the following compound:

CH3COCH3

Concept: Versatile Nature of Carbon - Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds
Chapter: [1.01] Carbon Compounds

Name the functional group present in the following compound:

C2H5CHOOH

Concept: Versatile Nature of Carbon - Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds
Chapter: [1.01] Carbon Compounds
[1]2

Which phenomenon is responsible for making the path of light visible?

Concept: Velocity of Light
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[1]3

Which class of carbon compounds is responsible for the depletion of ozone layer at the higher level of the atmosphere?

Concept: Ozone Layer
Chapter: [5.02] Our Environment
[1]4

Select two non-biodegradable substances from the following waste generated in a kitchen:

Spoilt food, paper bags, milk bags, vegetable peels, tin cans, used tea leaves

Concept: Biodegradable and Non-biodegradable Substances
Chapter: [5.02] Our Environment
[2]5

Define the term puberty.

Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction

List two changes observed in girls at the time of puberty.

Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction
[2]6

What is meant by asexual reproduction? 

Concept: Reproduction - Introduction
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction

List any two different forms asexual reproduction.

Concept: Reproduction - Introduction
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction
[2]7

List four advantages of water stored in the ground.

Concept: Natural Resources - Water for All - Water Harvesting
Chapter: [5.01] Management of Natural Resources
[2]8

"Burning fossil fuels is a cause of global warming." Justify this statement.

Concept: Introduction to Our Environment
Chapter: [5.02] Our Environment
[2]9

When we place a glass prism in the path of a narrow beam of white light a spectrum is obtained. What happens when a second identical prism is placed in an inverted position with respect to the first prism? Draw a labelled ray diagram to illustrate it.

 
Concept: Dispersion by a Prism
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[2]10

List four properties of the image formed by a convex mirror when object is placed between focus and pole of the mirror.

Concept: Reflection of Light - Image Formation by Spherical Mirrors - Convex Mirror
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[2]11

An element 'M' has atomic number 12.

(a) Write its electronic configuration.

(b) State the group to which 'M' belongs.

(c) Is 'M' a metal or a non-metal.

(d) Write the formula of its chloride.

Concept: Position of Elements and Trends in the Modern Periodic Table
Chapter: [1.03] Periodic Classification of Elements
[2]12

How can the valency of an element be determined if its electronic configuration is known?

Concept: Position of Elements and Trends in the Modern Periodic Table
Chapter: [1.03] Periodic Classification of Elements

What will be the valency of an element of atomic number 9 (nine)?

Concept: Position of Elements and Trends in the Modern Periodic Table
Chapter: [1.03] Periodic Classification of Elements
[2]13

A star sometimes appears brighter and some other times fainter. What is this effect called? State the reason for this effect.

 

 
Concept: Atmospheric Refraction
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[3]14

F, Cl and Br are the elements each having seven valence electrons. Which of these (i) has the largest atomic radius, (ii) is most reactive? Justify your answer stating reason for each.

Concept: Position of Elements and Trends in the Modern Periodic Table
Chapter: [1.03] Periodic Classification of Elements
[3]15

List two example of each diseases caused due to (i) bacterial infection and (ii) viral infection. Which device or devices may be used to prevent the spread of such diseases.

Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction
[3]16

Distinguish between homologous organs and analogous organs. In which category would you place wings of a bird and wings of a bat? Justify your answer giving a suitable reason.

Concept: Versatile Nature of Carbon - Homologous Series
Chapter: [1.01] Carbon Compounds
[3]17

Organic Evolution cannot be equated with progress. Explain with the help of a suitable example.

Concept: Human Evolution
Chapter: [2.01] Heredity and Evolution

What is an organic evolution? 

Concept: Human Evolution
Chapter: [2.01] Heredity and Evolution
[3]18

A blue colour flower plant denoted by BB is crossbred with that of white colour flower plant denoted by bb.

(a) State the colour of flower you would expect in their F1 generation plants.

(b) What must be the percentage of white flower plants in F2 generation if flowers of F1 plants are self-pollinated?

(c) State the expected ratio of the genotypes BB and Bb in the F2 progeny.

Concept: Reproduction - Modes of Reproduction Used by Multicellular Organisms - Regeneration
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction
[3]19

Complete the following equation:
CH4 + O2 —>

Concept: Balanced Chemical Equation
Chapter: [1.05] Chemical Reactions

Complete the following equation:

CH2 + H5OH `("Hot Conc." H_2SO_4)/`>

Concept: Balanced Chemical Equation
Chapter: [1.05] Chemical Reactions

Complete the following equation:

CH3COOH + NaOH → 

Concept: Balanced Chemical Equation
Chapter: [1.05] Chemical Reactions
[3]20

A student cannot see a chart hanging on a wall placed at a distance of 3 m from him. Name the defect of vision he is suffering from. How can it be corrected? Draw ray diagrams for the (i) defect of vision and also (ii) for its correction.

Concept: Defects of Vision and Their Correction
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[3]21

Mention the types of mirrors used as (i) rear view mirrors, (ii) shaving mirrors. List two reasons to justify your answers in each case.

Concept: Applications of Spherical Mirrors and Lenses
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[3]22

The image of a candle flame placed at a distance 36 cm from a spherical lens is formed on a screen placed at a distance of 72 cm from the lens. Identify the type of lens and calculate its focal length. If the height of the flame is 2.5 cm, find the height of its image.

Concept: Lens Formula and Magnification
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[5]23 | Attempt one of the following
[5]23.1

List the sign conventions for reflection of light by spherical mirrors. Draw a diagram and apply these conventions in the determination of focal length of a spherical mirror which forms a three times magnified real image of an object placed 16 cm in front of it.

Concept: Sign Convention for Reflection by Spherical Mirrors
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[5]23.2

State the law of refraction of light that defines the refractive index of a medium with respect to the other. Express it mathematically. How is refractive index of any medium 'A' with respect to a medium 'B' related to the speed of propagation of light in two media A and B? State the name of this constant when one medium is vacuum or air.

The refractive indices of glass and water with respect to vacuum are 3/2 and 4/3 respectively. If the speed of light in glass is 2 × 108m/s, find the speed of light in (i) vacuum, (ii) water.

Concept: Refraction of Light - Refractive Index
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[5]24 | Attempt one of the following
[5]24.1

What is the difference between the chemical composition of soaps and detergents? State in brief the action of soaps in removing an oily spot from a shirt. Why are sops not considered suitable for washing where water is hard?

Concept: Soaps and Detergents
Chapter: [1.01] Carbon Compounds
[5]24.2

List in tabular form three physical and two chemical properties on the basis of which ethanol and ethanoic acid can be differentiated.

Concept: Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanol
Chapter: [1.01] Carbon Compounds
[5]25 | Attempt one of the following
[5]25.1

Answer the following question.
What is pollination? Explain the different types of pollination.

Concept: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction

Explain the term 'fertilisation'.

Concept: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction

Draw a diagram of a pistil showing pollen tube growth into the ovule and label the following:

Pollen grain, male gamete, female gamete, ovary.

Concept: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction
[5]25.2

Describe in brief the role of testis in human male reproductive system.

Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction

Describe in brief the role of seminal vesicle in human male reproductive system.

Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction

Describe in brief the role of vas deferens in human male reproductive system.

Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction

Describe in brief the role of ureter in human male reproductive system.

Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction

Describe in brief the role of prostate gland in human male reproductive system.

Concept: Reproduction in Human Beings
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction
[1]26

After observing the prepared slides of binary fission in Amoeba and budding in yeast following observations were reported:

(a) Single cells of Amoeba and yeast were undergoing binary fission and budding respectively.

(B) Cytokinesis was observed in the yeast cell.

(C) Elongated nucleus was dividing to form two daughter nuclei in Amoeba.

(D) A chain of buds were observed due to reproduction in Amoeba.

The correct observation(s) is/are:

(A) a and c

(B) b only

(C) c and d

(D) d, a and c

Concept: Reproduction - Modes of Reproduction Used by Single Organisms - Budding
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction
[1]27

A student after viewing a prepared slide illustrates the budding in yeast in the following order which is not correct:

(A) b, c, d, e, a

(B) b, e, d, c, a

(C) b, d, e, c, a

(D) b, d, c, e, a

Concept: Reproduction - Modes of Reproduction Used by Single Organisms - Budding
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction
[1]28

A student has to observe a permanent slide of binary fission in Amoeba. Find the correct sequence of steps given below for focussing the object under a microscope.

(a) Place the slide on the stage, look through the eye-piece and adjust the mirror to get proper illumination.

(b) Focus the slide sharp using fine adjustment screw

(c) Look through the eye-piece and raise the objective lens using coarse adjustment screw till the object is focussed.

(d) Look through the eye-piece and move the slide till the object is visible.

(A) d, c, b, a

(B) a, b, d, c

(C) a, d, c, b

(D) a, c, d, b

Concept: Reproduction - Modes of Reproduction Used by Single Organisms - Fission
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction
[1]29

After viewing different slides, a student draws following diagrams. Select the one which depicts binary fission in Amoeba:

(A) a

(B) b

(C) c

(D) d

Concept: Reproduction - Modes of Reproduction Used by Single Organisms - Fission
Chapter: [2.02] Reproduction
[1]30

Dry raisins were soaked in water for 2 hours, to determine the percentage of water absorbed by raisins. Before final weighing of swollen raisins, the extra water left on the surface of soaked raisins was removed by:

(A) gently rubbing with cotton cloth

(B) hot air blower

(C) dry cotton wool

(D) filter paper

Concept: Concept of Transportation
Chapter: [2.04] Life Processes
[1]31

While performing the experiment with raisins to determine the percentage of water absorbed by them, a student made following measurements:

Mass of water in the beaker = 40 g

Mass of raisins before soaking = 5 g

Mass of raisins after soaking for 2 hours = 8 g

Mass of water left in the beaker after the experiment = 35 g

The percentage of water absorbed by raisins is:

(A) `(40g-35g)/(35g)xx100`

(B) `(40g-35g)/(40g)xx100`

(C) `(8g-5g)/(8g)xx100`

(d) `(8g-5g)/(5g)xx100`

Concept: Concept of Transportation
Chapter: [2.04] Life Processes
[1]32

Which of the following observations is true about dilute solution of acetic acid?

(A) It smells like vinegar and turns red litmus blue

(B) It smells like onion and turns blue litmus red

(C) It smells like orange and turns red litmus blue

(D) It smells like vinegar and turns blue litmus red

Concept: Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanoic Acid (Acetic acid)
Chapter: [1.01] Carbon Compounds
[1]33

A student takes Na2CO3 powder in a test tube and pours some drops of acetic acid over it. He observes:

(A) no reaction in the test tube

(B) colourless gas with pungent smell

(C) bubbles of a colourless and odourless gas

(D) white fumes with smell of vinegar

Concept: Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanoic Acid (Acetic acid)
Chapter: [1.01] Carbon Compounds
[1]34

A student adds 4 mL of acetic acid to a test tube containing 4 mL of distilled water. He then shakes the test tube and leaves it to settle. After about 10 minutes he observes:

(A) a layer of water over the layer of acetic acid

(B) a layer of acetic acid over the layer of water

(C) a precipitate settling at the bottom of the test tube

(D) a clear colourless solution

Concept: Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanoic Acid (Acetic acid)
Chapter: [1.01] Carbon Compounds
[1]35

The colours of aqueous solutions of CuSO4 and FeSO4 as observed in the laboratory are:

(A) pale green and light blue respectively

(B) light blue and dark green respectively

(C) dark blue and dark green respectively

(D) dark blue and pale green respectively

Concept: Chemical Reactions - Types of Chemical Reactions - Oxidation and Reduction
Chapter: [1.05] Chemical Reactions
[1]36

A student prepared an aqueous solution of CuSO4 in beaker X and an aqueous solution of FeSO4 in beaker Y. He then dropped some iron pieces in beaker X and some zinc pieces in beaker Y. After about 10 hours he observed that the solutions in X and Y respectively appear:

(A) blue and green

(B) colourless and pale green

(C) colourless and light blue

(D) greenish and colourless

Concept: Chemical Reactions - Types of Chemical Reactions - Combination
Chapter: [1.05] Chemical Reactions
[1]37

While tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab a student tabulated his observations as given below:

S.NO.

∠i

∠r

∠e

I

60°

40°

61°

II

50°

36°

51°

III

40°

28°

39°

IV

30°

20°

31°

The correct observations is:

(A) I

(B) II

(C) III

(D) IV

Concept: Refraction of Light - Refraction Through a Rectangular Glass Slab
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[1]38

A student traces the path of a ray of white light through a rectangular glass slab and marks, the angles of incidence (∠i) , refraction (∠r) and emergence (∠e) as shown. Which angle or angles has he not marked correctly?

(A) ∠i only

(B) ∠i and ∠r

(C) ∠i and ∠e

(D) ∠r and ∠e

Concept: Refraction of Light - Refraction Through a Rectangular Glass Slab
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[1]39

To determine the focal length of a convex lens by obtaining a sharp image of a distant object we generally follow the following steps which are not in proper sequence.

(a) Hold the lens between the object and the screen

(B) Measure the distance between the lens and the screen

(C) Select a well lit distant object

(D) Place a screen opposite to the object on the lab table

(e) Adjust the position of the lens to form a sharp image

The correct sequence of these steps is:

(A) c, a, d, e, b

(B) c, d, a, e, b

(C) c, d, e, a, b

(D) c, a, e, d, b

Concept: Reflection of Light - Image Formation by Spherical Mirrors - Convex Mirror
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[1]40

A student obtained a sharp image of the grills of a window on a screen using a concave mirror. His teacher remarked that for getting better results a well lit distant object (preferably the sun) should be focussed on the screen. What should be done for this purpose?

(A) Move the screen slightly away from the mirror

(B) Move the mirror slightly towards the screen

(C) Move the screen and the mirror away from the object

(D) Move the screen and the mirror towards the object

Concept: Reflection of Light - Image Formation by Spherical Mirrors - Concave Mirror
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena
[1]41

To determine focal length of a concave mirror a student obtains the image of a well lit distant object on a screen. To determine the focal length of the given concave mirror he needs to measure the distance between:

(A) mirror and the object

(B) mirror and the screen

(C) screen and the object

(D) screen and the object and also mirror and the screen

Concept: Lens Formula and Magnification
Chapter: [3] Natural Phenomena

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