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Political Science All India Set 1 2015-2016 CBSE (Commerce) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Political Science [All India Set 1]
Marks: 100Date: 2016-03-18
Duration: 3h

[1]1

Which one of the following was NOT given primacy by the makers of the soviet system?

(a) Abolition of private property

(b) Society based on the principle of equality

(c) No opposition party to be allowed

(d) No state control over economy

Concept: What is Soviet System
Chapter: [0.012] The End of Bipolarity
[1]2

What does the logo on the ASEAN flag symbolize?

Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] Alternative Centres of Power
[1]3

Why is it said that history of petroleum is also the history of war and struggles?

Concept: India as an Arena of Globalization and Struggle Against It
Chapter: [0.019] Globalisation
[1]4

During Nehru era, why did some political parties and groups in our country believe that India should be more friendly with the bloc led by the U.S.?

Concept: Nehru'S Approach to Nation-building;
Chapter: [0.021] Challenges of Nation-building
[1]5

How did the farmers associated with Bharatiya Kisan Union differ from the most other farmers in India?

Concept: Farmer'S Movements
Chapter: [0.027000000000000003] Rise of Popular Movements
[2]6

What constrained the Super Powers to go for a full-fledged war inspite of having nuclear weapons?

Concept: India'S Changing Relations with China
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] Alternative Centres of Power
[2]7

Assess the role of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad towards maintaining communal harmony in India.

Concept: Legacy of Partition - Challenge of 'Refugee' Resettlement, the Kashmir Problem
Chapter: [0.021] Challenges of Nation-building
[2]8 | Match the following in Column 'A' with those in Column 'B' in a meaningful way
  Column 'A'   Column 'B'
1 Head of the Commission of Enquiry a Chowdhary Charan Singh
2 Deputy Prime Minister of India from 1967 to 1969 b Jagjiwan Ram
3 Deputy Prime Minister of India from 1977 - 79 c J.C. Shah
4 Union Minister of India from 1952 - 1977 d Morarji Desai
Concept: Emergence of Two Power Blocs After the Second World War
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Cold War Era
[2]9

What was 'Operation Blue Star'? Why did it hurt the sentiments of the Sikh Community?

Concept: Punjab Crisis and the Anti Sikh Riots of 1984
Chapter: [0.027999999999999997] Regional Aspirations
[2]10

Why and how did the Mizo Movement for succession gain popular support?

Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
Chapter: [0.027000000000000003] Rise of Popular Movements
[4]11

Describe India - China relations from 1947 to 1962.

Concept: India'S Changing Relations with China
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] Alternative Centres of Power
[4]12

What is Human Rights Watch? Describe its main contribution to the field of human right.

Concept: Issues of Human Rights and Migration
Chapter: [0.017] Security in Contemporary World
[4]13

What was the 'Earth Summit? How far did the summit prove to be useful? Explain.

Concept: Environment Movement and Evolution of Global Environmental Norms
Chapter: [0.018000000000000002] Environment and Natural Resources
[4]14

Explain any four reasons for the dominance of the Congress Party in the first three general elections in India.

Concept: Nature of Congress Dominance at the National Level
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Era of One-party Dominance
[4]15

Evaluate the major outcomes of the Indian model of mixed economy.

Concept: Green Revolution and Its Political Fallouts
Chapter: [0.023] Politics of Planned Development
[4]16

Examine the conditions responsible for the growth of Naxalite Movement in India. Suggest ways and means to crush it.

Concept: Anti-globalisation Movements
Chapter: [0.019] Globalisation
[5]17

The value of the ruble declined dramatically. The rate of inflation was so high that people lost all their savings. The collective farm system disintegrated leaving people without food security, and the government started to import food. The old trading structure broke down with no alternative in its place. The old system of social welfare was systematically destroyed. The withdrawal of government subsidies pushed large sections of the people into poverty.

  1. What is meant by subsidy?
  2. How did the disintegration of collective farm system lead to the loss of food security?
  3. This passage is associated to which country? Why did the government start importing food?
Concept: Non-traditional Or Human Security - Global Poverty, Health and Education
Chapter: [0.017] Security in Contemporary World
[5]18

Globalisation does not always reduce state capacity. The primacy of the state continues to be unchallenged basis of political community. The old jealousies and rivalries between countries have not ceased to matter in world politics. The state continues to discharge its essential functions (law and order national security) and consciously withdraws from certain domains from which it wishes to. States continue to be important

Indeed, in some respects state capacity has received a boost as a consequence of globalisation, with enhanced technologies available at the disposal of the state to collect information about its citizens.

Read the passage given above carefully and answer the following questions:-

  1. What are the two most essential functions of the state?
  2. How do enhanced technologies enable the state to rule better?
  3. Justify with the help of an example that globalisation gives a boost to the state capacity.

 

Concept: Debates on the Nature of Consequences of Globalisation
Chapter: [0.019] Globalisation
[5]19

Two developments strained this relationship. China annexed Tibet in 1950 and thus removed a historical buffer between the two countries. Initially, the government of India did not oppose this openly. But as more information came in about the suppression of Tibetan culture, the Indian government grew uneasy. The Tibetan spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, sought and obtained political asylum in India in 1959. China alleged that the government of India was allowing anti-: China activities to take place from within India.

Read the above passage carefully and answer the following questions:-

What is meant by 'historical buffer?

Why didn't Government of India oppose the annexation of Tibet by China?

How far was it justified on the part of India to grant political asylum to the Dalai Lama and thousands of Tibetan refugees?

Concept: Legacy of Partition - Challenge of 'Refugee' Resettlement, the Kashmir Problem
Chapter: [0.021] Challenges of Nation-building
[5]20

Study the above cartoon carefully and answer the following questions:-

  1. Who was head of the Government formed by the National Front in 1989?
  2. Why was the government formed by him called a puppet government?
  3. Identify the puppeteers pulling the strings and the political parties they belong to?

 

Concept: Rise of the JD and the BJP
Chapter: [0.028999999999999998] Recent Developments in Indian Politics
[5]21

In the given outline map of South Asia, five countries have been marked as (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E). Identify them on the basis of the information given below and write their correct names in your answer book with their respective serial number of the information used and the alphabet concerned as per the following format:

SR. No. of the Information used Alphabet concerned Name of the country
     

Information used

(i) to (v)

(i) The country has experienced civilian as well as military rule both.

(ii) Democracy was restored in this country in 2006.

(iii) This country is still a monarchy.

(iv) The Parliament of this country voted unanimously to introduce multiparty system in June 2005.

(v) This country is a part of India's 'Look East Policy via Myanmar'.

Concept: India as an Arena of Globalization and Struggle Against It
Chapter: [0.019] Globalisation
[6]22 | Attempt any ONE
[6]22.1

How did the Soviet Union suddenly disintegrate? Explain any six reasons.

Concept: Disintegration of the Soviet Union and Its Impact Or Consequences on the World Order
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Cold War Era
[6]22.2

Why was the end of the Second World War considered to be the beginning of Cold War? Explain.

Concept: Emergence of Two Power Blocs After the Second World War
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] Cold War Era
[6]23 | Attempt any ONE
[6]23.1

'Resistance is the only option available to overcome the hegemony". Justify the statement by comparing it to other antihegemony strategies.

Concept: Introduction of US Hegemony in World Politics
Chapter: [0.013000000000000001] US Hegemony in World Politics
[6]23.2

Assess the role of ASEAN as an economic association.

Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] Alternative Centres of Power
[6]24 | Attempt any ONE
[6]24.1

Trace the evolution of the United Nations since its establishment in 1945. How does it function with the help of its structures and agencies?

Concept: Restructuring and the Future of the UN
Chapter: [0.016] International Organizations
[6]24.2

Describe the security challenges faced by the newly independent countries of Asia and Africa after the Second World War.

Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
Chapter: [0.017] Security in Contemporary World
[6]25 | Attempt any ONE
[6]25.1

Analyse any six consequences of the partition of India in 1947.

Concept: Legacy of Partition - Challenge of 'Refugee' Resettlement, the Kashmir Problem
Chapter: [0.021] Challenges of Nation-building
[6]25.2

Assess the outcomes of the early phase of planned development in India.

Concept: Five Year Plans
Chapter: [0.023] Politics of Planned Development
[6]26 | Attempt any ONE
[6]26.1

Examine the major changes that the country witnessed at the time of fourth general election in 1967.

Concept: Congress Dominance in the First Three General Elections
Chapter: [0.022000000000000002] Era of One-party Dominance
[6]26.2

Why is emergency considered to be one of the most controversial episodes in Indian politics? Analyse any three reasons.

Concept: Emergency - Context, Constitutional and Extra-constitutional Dimensions, Resistance to Emergency
Chapter: [0.026000000000000002] Crisis of the Democratic Order
[6]27 | Attempt any ONE
[6]27.1

Who were Dalit Panthers? Describe their main activities.

Concept: Congress Victory in 1971 Elections
Chapter: [0.025] Challenges to the Congress System
[6]27.2

Describe the story of Goa's liberation from the Portuguese to its becoming a state of the Indian Union.

Concept: Rise of Civil Liberties Organisations
Chapter: [0.026000000000000002] Crisis of the Democratic Order

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