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Political Science All India Set 1 2013-2014 CBSE (Science) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Political Science
All India Set 1
2013-2014 March
Marks: 100

[1]1

Why was Operation desert storm fought against Iraq?

Concept: Growth of Unilateralism - Afghanistan, First Gulf War, Response to 9/11 and Attack on Iraq
Chapter: [1.03] US Hegemony in World Politics
[1]2

What is the full form of “SAARC”?

Concept: What is Soviet System
Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
[1]3

State any one important objective of the United Nation.

Concept: Restructuring and the Future of the UN
Chapter: [1.06] International Organizations
[1]4

What is the meant by ‘disarmament’?

Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
[1]5

Mention the main recommendation of the state reorganization Commission of 1953.

Concept: Organisation and Reorganization of States
Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
[1]6

Who was the founder of Bhartiya Jana Sangh?

Concept: Political Succession After Nehru
Chapter: [2.05] Challenges to the Congress System
[1]7

Which two political parties were the major partners in the ruling alliance after the 1971 General Election to the Lok Sabha.

Concept: Rise of the JD and the BJP
Chapter: [2.09] Recent Developments in Indian Politics
[1]8

Name the political party which came to power at the Centre in 1977.

Concept: 1977 Elections and the Format on of Janata Party
Chapter: [2.06] Crisis of the Democratic Order
[1]9

Mention any two main demands of the Bharatiya Kisan Union in 1980s.

Concept: Farmer'S Movements
Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
[1]10

Name the two alliances/fronts that formed the Government at the Centre in 1989 and 1996 respectively.

Concept: Increasing Role of Regional Parties and Coalition Politics
Chapter: [2.09] Recent Developments in Indian Politics
[2]11

Name any two foreign leaders, along with the countries they belonged to, who are recognized as the founders of the Non-aligned Movement.

Concept: Challenges to Bipolarity
Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
[2]12

What is meant of shock therapy?

Concept: Shock Therapy and Its Consequenes
Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
[2]13

Trace the evolution process of the European Union.

Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
Chapter: [1.04] Alternative Centres of Power
[2]14

Mention any two functions of the World Bank?

Concept: Restructuring and the Future of the UN
Chapter: [1.06] International Organizations
[2]15

Highlight any two threats to a country’s security as per the traditional notion of security.

Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
[2]16

Identity any two consequences of the partition of India 1947.

Concept: Legacy of Partition - Challenge of 'Refugee' Resettlement, the Kashmir Problem
Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
[2]17

Differentiate between the capitalist and the socialist models of development.

Concept: Introduction of Democratic Politics and Capitalism in Post-communist Regimes
Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
[2]18

Highlight the contribution made by Jawaharlal Nehru to the foreign policy of India.

Concept: Nehru'S Foreign Policy
Chapter: [2.04] India'S External Relations
[2]19

What does the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir under Articles 370 mean?

Concept: The Kashmir Situation
Chapter: [2.08] Regional Aspirations
[2]20

How does party-based movement differ from non-party movement?

Concept: Implementation of Mandal Commission Report and Its Aftermath
Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
[4]21

Why did the superpowers need smaller states as their allies? Explain any four reasons.

Concept: Introduction of Democratic Politics and Capitalism in Post-communist Regimes
Chapter: [1.02] The End of Bipolarity
[4]22

Study the cartoon given below carefully and answer the following questions:

i. The given cartoon is related to which country?

ii. Which two symbols in this cartoon helped in identifying the country?

iii. What message does this cartoon convey to the world?

Concept: Rise of China as an Economic Power in Post - Maoera, Creation and Expansion of European Union, ASEAN
Chapter: [1.04] Alternative Centres of Power
[4]23

Explain the hegemony of the United States of America as structural power.

Concept: Introduction of US Hegemony in World Politics
Chapter: [1.03] US Hegemony in World Politics
[4]24

Explain any four causes of ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka.

Concept: Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka
Chapter: [1.05] Contemporary South Asia in the Post Cold War Era
[4]25

Explain any four components of India’s security strategy.

Concept: Traditional Concerns of Security and Politics of Disarmament
Chapter: [1.07] Security in Contemporary World
[4]26

What is globalization? Highlight any three causes of globalization.

Concept: Introduction of Globalisation
Chapter: [1.09] Globalisation
[4]27

Describe the organization of the Congress party as a social and ideological coalition.

Concept: Coalitional Nature of Congress
Chapter: [2.02] Era of One-party Dominance
[4]28

Explain India's nuclear policy.

Concept: India'S Nuclear Programme
Chapter: [2.04] India'S External Relations
[4]29

Evaluate the consequences of declaration of emergency in 1975.

Concept: Emergency - Context, Constitutional and Extra-constitutional Dimensions, Resistance to Emergency
Chapter: [2.06] Crisis of the Democratic Order
[4]30

In the given political map of India, four places are marked as A, B, C and D. Identify them with the help of information given below and write their correct names in the answer-book along with their serial numbers and the alphabets concerned:

i. The State related to Chipko Movement.

ii. The State where a special opinion poll was held asking people to decide if they wanted to merge with Maharashtra or remain separate.

iii. The State out of which the States of Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh were created.

iv. The State related to Narmada Sagar project.

Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
[6]31 | Attempt any one
[6]31.1

Examine any six consequences of the disintegration of USSR.

Concept: Disintegration of the Soviet Union and Its Impact Or Consequences on the World Order
Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
[6]31.2

‘Non-aligned Movement (NAM) has become irrelevant today'. Do you agree with the statement? Support your answer with any three suitable arguments.

Concept: Challenges to Bipolarity
Chapter: [1.01] Cold War Era
[6]32 | Attempt any one
[6]32.1

Analyse India’s stand on any three environmental issues.

Concept: India'S Stand in Global Environmental Debates
Chapter: [1.08] Environment and Natural Resources
[6]32.2

Assess any three basis on which globalisation is being resisted in India.

Concept: Introduction of Globalisation
Chapter: [1.09] Globalisation
[6]33 | Attempt any one
[6]33.1

Explain any three reasons for the dominance of Congress Party in the first three general elections in India.

Concept: Nature of Congress Dominance at the National Level
Chapter: [2.02] Era of One-party Dominance
[6]33.2

How did the reorganization of States take place in India after its independence? Explain.

Concept: Organisation and Reorganization of States
Chapter: [2.01] Challenges of Nation-building
[6]34 | Attempt any one
[6]34.1

Examine any six reasons for the imposition of emergency in India in 1975.

Concept: Emergency - Context, Constitutional and Extra-constitutional Dimensions, Resistance to Emergency
Chapter: [2.06] Crisis of the Democratic Order
[6]34.2

Examine the major issues which led to the split of Congress part in 1969.

Concept: Congress Split and Reconstitution
Chapter: [2.05] Challenges to the Congress System
[6]35 | Attempt any one
[6]35.1

Study the passage the given below and answer the following questions that follow:

Sardar Sarovar project is a multipurpose mega-scale dam. It required relocation of around two and a half lakh people from the villages. Issues of relocation and proper rehabilitations of the project-affected people were first raised by the local activist group. It was around 1988-89 that the issues crystallized under the banner of the NBAa loose collector of local voluntary organization.

Question:

i. Why is the Sardar Sarovar Project mentioned as multipurpose mega-scale dam?

ii. Why was it opposed by the villagers?

iii. Name the organizations which led the movement against this project

iv. What was the main demand of the local activist group?

Concept: Environment and Development - Affected People'S Movements
Chapter: [2.07] Rise of Popular Movements
[6]35.2

Study the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:

India adopted a democratic approach to the question of diversity. Democracy allows the political expressions of regional aspirations and does not look upon them as antinational. Besides, democratic politics allows parties and groups to address the people on the basis of their regional identity, aspiration and specific regional problems.

Question:

i. Which type of diversity exists in India?

ii. Name any two political parties that represent regional identity.

iii. Mention any one movement that expresses regional aspiration.

iv. How does democracy treat the regional issues and problem?

Concept: Five Year Plans
Chapter: [2.03] Politics of Planned Development

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