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Physics Delhi Set 2 2014-2015 CBSE (Science) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

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Physics [Delhi Set 2]
Marks: 70Date: 2014-2015 March

[1]1

What is the electric flux through a cube of side 1 cm which encloses an electric dipole?

Concept: Electric Flux
Chapter: [1.02] Electric Charges and Fields
[1]2

A concave lens of refractive index 1.5 is immersed in a medium of refractive index 1.65. What is the nature of the lens?

Concept: Lenses
Chapter: [6.01] Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
[1]3

How are side bands produced?

Concept: Modulation and Its Necessity
Chapter: [10.01] Communication Systems
[1]4

Graph showing the variation of current versus voltage for a material Ga As is shown in the figure. Identify the region of
(i) negative resistance

(ii) where Ohm's law is obeyed.

Concept: Ohm’s Law
Chapter: [2.01] Current Electricity
[1]5

Define capacitor reactance. Write its S.I units.

Concept: Capacitors and Capacitance
Chapter: [1.01] Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
[2]6

Show that the radius of the orbit in hydrogen atom varies as n2, where n is the principal quantum number of the atom.

Concept: De Broglie’S Explanation of Bohr’S Second Postulate of Quantisation
Chapter: [8.02] Atoms
[2]7

Distinguish between 'intrinsic' and 'extrinsic' semiconductors

Concept: Extrinsic Semiconductor
Chapter: [9.01] Semiconductor Electronics - Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
[2]8 | Attempt Any One
[2]8.1

Use the mirror equation to show that an object placed between f and 2f of a concave mirror produces a real image beyond 2f.

Concept: Ray Optics - Mirror Formula
Chapter: [6.01] Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
[2]8.2

Find an expression for intensity of transmitted light when a polaroid sheet is rotated between two crossed polaroids. In which position of the polaroid sheet will the transmitted intensity be maximum?

Concept: Polarisation
Chapter: [6.02] Wave Optics
[2]9

Use Kirchhoff's rules to obtain conditions for the balance condition in a Wheatstone bridge.

Concept: Kirchhoff’s Rules
Chapter: [2.01] Current Electricity
[2]10

A proton and an α-particle have the same de-Broglie wavelength. Determine the ratio of their accelerating potentials

Concept: de-Broglie Relation
Chapter: [7.01] Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

A proton and an α-particle have the same de-Broglie wavelength Determine the ratio of  their speeds.

Concept: Wave Nature of Matter
Chapter: [7.01] Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
[3]11

Draw a block diagram of a detector for AM signal and show, using necessary processes and the waveforms, how the original message signal is detected from the input AM wave.

Concept: Amplitude Modulation
Chapter: [10.01] Communication Systems
[3]12

A cell of emf 'E' and internal resistance 'r' is connected across a variable load resistor R. Draw the plots of the terminal voltage V versus (i) R and (ii) the current I.

It is found that when R = 4 Ω, the current is 1 A and when R is increased to 9 Ω, the current reduces to 0.5 A. Find the values of the emf E and internal resistance r.

Concept: Cells, Emf, Internal Resistance
Chapter: [2.01] Current Electricity
[3]13

Two capacitors of unknown capacitances C1 and C2 are connected first in series and then in parallel across a battery of 100 V. If the energy stored in the two combinations is 0.045 J and 0.25 J respectively, determine the value of C1 and C2. Also calculate the charge on each capacitor in parallel combination.

Concept: Combination of Capacitors
Chapter: [1.01] Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
[3]14

Write the underlying principle of a moving coil galvanometer.

Concept: Moving Coil Galvanometer
Chapter: [3.02] Moving Charges and Magnetism

A galvanometer of resistance G is converted into a voltmeter to measure upto V volts by connecting a resistance R1 in series with the coil. If a resistance R2 is connected in series with it, then it can measures upto V/2 volts. Find the resistance, in terms of R1 and R2, required to be connected to convert it into a voltmeter that can read upto 2 V. Also find the resistance G of the galvanometer in terms of R1 and R2

Concept: Moving Coil Galvanometer
Chapter: [3.02] Moving Charges and Magnetism
[3]15

With what considerations in view, a photodiode is fabricated? State its working with the help of a suitable diagram.

Even though the current in the forward bias is known to be more than in the reverse bias, yet the photodiode works in reverse bias. What is the reason?

Concept: Special Purpose P-n Junction Diodes
Chapter: [9.01] Semiconductor Electronics - Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
[3]16

Draw a circuit diagram of a transistor amplifier in CE configuration.

Concept: Junction Transistor - Transistor as an Amplifier (Ce-configuration)
Chapter: [9.01] Semiconductor Electronics - Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

Define the terms : Input resistance How are these determined using typical input and output characteristics?

Concept: Junction Transistor - Transistor as an Amplifier (Ce-configuration)
Chapter: [9.01] Semiconductor Electronics - Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

Define the terms :Current amplification factor. How are these determined using typical input and output characteristics?

Concept: Junction Transistor - Transistor: Structure and Action
Chapter: [9.01] Semiconductor Electronics - Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
[3]17 | Answer the following questions :

In a double slit experiment using the light of wavelength 600 nm, the angular width of the fringe formed on a distant screen is 0.1°. Find the spacing between the two slits.?

Concept: Interference of Light Waves and Young’S Experiment
Chapter: [6.02] Wave Optics

Light of wavelength 5000 Å propagating in air gets partly reflected from the surface of water. How will the wavelengths and frequencies of the reflected and refracted light be affected?

Concept: Refraction
Chapter: [6.01] Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
[3]18

An inductor L of inductance XL is connected in series with a bulb B and an ac source. How would brightness of the bulb change when (i) number of turn in the inductor is reduced, (ii) an iron rod is inserted in the inductor and (iii) a capacitor of reactance XC = XL is inserted in series in the circuit? Justify your answer in each case.

Concept: Reactance and Impedance
Chapter: [4.01] Alternating Current
[3]19

Identify the part of the electromagnetic spectrum which is suitable for radar system used in aircraft navigation.

Concept: Electromagnetic Spectrum
Chapter: [5.01] Electromagnetic Waves

Name the parts of the electromagnetic spectrum which is

used to treat muscular strain.

Write in brief, how these waves can be produced.

Concept: Electromagnetic Spectrum
Chapter: [5.01] Electromagnetic Waves

Name the parts of the electromagnetic spectrum which is

used as a diagnostic tool in medicine.

Write in brief, how these waves can be produced.

Concept: Electromagnetic Spectrum
Chapter: [5.01] Electromagnetic Waves
[3]20

A giant refracting telescope has an objective lens of focal length 15 m. If an eye piece of focal length 1.0 cm is used, what is the angular magnification of the telescope ?

Concept: Optical Instruments - The Microscope
Chapter: [6.01] Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

If this telescope is used to view the moon, what is the diameter of the image of the moon formed by the objective lens ? the diameter of the moon is 3.48 × 106 m and the radius of lunar orbit is 3.8 × 108m.

Concept: Optical Instruments - The Microscope
Chapter: [6.01] Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
[3]21

Write Einstein's photoelectric equation and mention which important features in photoelectric effect can be explained with the help of this equation.

The maximum kinetic energy of the photoelectrons gets doubled when the wavelength of light incident on the surface changes from λ1 to λ2. Derive the expressions for the threshold wavelength λ0 and work function for the metal surface.

Concept: Einstein’s Equation - Particle Nature of Light
Chapter: [7.01] Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
[3]22 | Attempt Any One
[3]22.1

In the study of Geiger-Marsdon experiment on scattering of α particles by a thin foil of gold, draw the trajectory of α-particles in the coulomb field of target nucleus. Explain briefly how one gets the information on the size of the nucleus from this study.

From the relation R = R0 A1/3, where R0 is constant and A is the mass number of the nucleus, show that nuclear matter density is independent of A

Concept: Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus
Chapter: [8.01] Nuclei
[3]22.2

Distinguish between nuclear fission and fusion. Show how in both these processes energy is released. Calculate the energy release in MeV in the deuterium-tritium fusion reaction :

`""_1^2H+_1^3H->_2^4He+n`

Using the data :

m(`""_1^2H`) = 2.014102 u

m(`""_1^3H`) = 3.016049 u

m(`""_2^4He`) = 4.002603 u

mn = 1.008665 u

1u = 931.5 MeV/c2

Concept: Nuclear Energy - Nuclear Fusion – Energy Generation in Stars
Chapter: [8.01] Nuclei
[4]23

A group of students while coming from the school noticed a box marked "Danger H.T. 2200 V" at a substation in the main street. They did not understand the utility of a such a high voltage, while they argued, the supply was only 220 V. They asked their teacher this question the next day. The teacher thought it to be an important question and therefore explained to the whole class.

Answer the following questions:

(i) What device is used to bring the high voltage down to low voltage of a.c. current and what is the principle of its working ?

(ii) Is it possible to use this device for bringing down the high dc voltage to the low voltage? Explain

(iii) Write the values displayed by the students and the teacher.

Concept: Transformers
Chapter: [4.01] Alternating Current
[5]24 | Attempt Any One
[5]24.1

Using Huygens's construction of secondary wavelets explain how a diffraction pattern is obtained on a screen due to a narrow slit on which a monochromatic beam of light is incident normally.

Concept: Huygens Principle
Chapter: [6.02] Wave Optics

Show that the angular width of the first diffraction fringe is half that of the central fringe.

Concept: Interference of Light Waves and Young’S Experiment
Chapter: [6.02] Wave Optics

Explain why the maxima at `theta=(n+1/2)lambda/a` become weaker and weaker with increasing n

Concept: Fraunhofer Diffraction Due to a Single Slit
Chapter: [6.02] Wave Optics
[5]24.2

A point object 'O' is kept in a medium of refractive index n1 in front of a convex spherical surface of radius of curvature R which separates the second medium of refractive index n2 from the first one, as shown in the figure

Draw the ray diagram showing the image formation and deduce the relationship between the object distance and the image distance in terms of n1, n2 and R.

When the image formed above acts as a virtual object for a concave spherical surface separatig the medium n2 from n1 (n2 > n1), draw this ray diagram and write the similar (similar to (a)) relation. Hence obtain the expression for the lens maker's formula.

 

Concept: Lensmaker's Formula
Chapter: [6.01] Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
[5]25 | Attempt Any One
[5]25.1

An electric dipole of dipole moment`vecp` consists of point charges +q and −q separated by a distance 2a apart. Deduce the expression for the electric field `vecE` due to the dipole at a distance x from the centre of the dipole on its axial line in terms of the dipole moment `vecp`. Hence show that in the limit x>> a, `vecE->2vecp"/"(4piepsilon_0x^3)`

Concept: Electric Dipole
Chapter: [1.02] Electric Charges and Fields

Given the electric field in the region `vecE=2xhati`, find the net electric flux through the cube and the charge enclosed by it.

Concept: Electric Flux
Chapter: [1.02] Electric Charges and Fields
[5]25.2

Distinguish with the help of a suitable diagram, the difference in the behaviour of a conductor and a dielectric placed in an external electric field.

Concept: Dielectrics and Polarisation
Chapter: [1.01] Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Define the terms polarization of a dielectric and write its relation with susceptibility.

Concept: Dielectrics and Polarisation
Chapter: [1.01] Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

A thin metallic spherical shell of radius R carries a charge Q on its surface. A point charge`Q/2` is placed at its centre C and an other charge +2Q is placed outside the shell at a distance x from the centre as shown in the figure. Find (i) the force on the charge at the centre of shell and at the point A, (ii) the electric flux through the shell.

Concept: Uniformly Charged Infinite Plane Sheet and Uniformly Charged Thin Spherical Shell (Field Inside and Outside)
Chapter: [1.02] Electric Charges and Fields
[5]26 | Attempt Any One
[5]26.1

State Ampere’s circuital law

Concept: Ampere’s Circuital Law
Chapter: [3.02] Moving Charges and Magnetism

Use this law to obtain the expression for the magnetic field inside an air cored toroid of average radius 'r', having 'n' turns per unit length and carrying a steady current I.

Concept: Solenoid and the Toroid - the Solenoid
Chapter: [3.02] Moving Charges and Magnetism

An observer to the left of a solenoid of N turns each of cross section area 'A' observes that a steady current I in it flows in the clockwise direction. Depict the magnetic field lines due to the solenoid specifying its polarity and show that it acts as a bar magnet of magnetic moment m = NIA.

 

Concept: Solenoid and the Toroid - the Solenoid
Chapter: [3.02] Moving Charges and Magnetism
[5]26.2

Define mutual inductance and write its S.I. units

Concept: Inductance - Mutual Inductance
Chapter: [4.02] Electromagnetic Induction

Derive an expression for the mutual inductance of two long co-axial solenoids of same length wound one over the other,

Concept: Solenoid and the Toroid - the Solenoid
Chapter: [3.02] Moving Charges and Magnetism

In an experiment, two coils c1 and c2 are placed close to each other. Find out the expression for the emf induced in the coil c1 due to a change in the current through the coil c2.

Concept: Inductance - Mutual Inductance
Chapter: [4.02] Electromagnetic Induction

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