Give the meaning of 'motivation' as an element of directing.
Concept: Concept of Motivation
Differentiate between formal and informal organisations on the basis of the flow of communication.
Concept: Structure of Organisation
Why is Aptitude Test conducted in the process of selection?
Concept: Staffing - Selection Process
Bhagwati Enterprises is a company engaged in the marketing of air-conditioners of a famous brand. The company has a functional structure with four main functions Purchase, Sales, Finance and Staffing. As the demand for the product grew, the company decided to recruit more employees.
Identify the concept which will help the Human Resource Manager to find out the number and type of personnel available so that he could decide and recruit the required number of persons for each department.
Concept: Staffing as a Part of Human Resource Management
Isha Machines was a renowned name for quality sewing machines since 1960. Mr Suresh, the owner of Isha Machines, was worried as the production had declined during the last three months. He directed the Production Manager to find out the reason. The Production Manager ordered the different supervisors to prepare a performance report of the workers working under them.
Identify the step taken by the Production Manager that is related to one of the functions of management.
Concept: Management Functions
What is meant by Capital Structure?
Concept: Concept of Capital Structure
Sika Ltd., a reputed industrial machines manufacture, needs Rupees twenty crores as additional capital to expand the business. Mr Amit Joshi, the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the company wants to raise funds through equity. The Finance Manager, Mr Narinder Singh, suggested that the shares may be sold to investing public through intermediaries, as the same will be less expensive.
Name the method through which the company decided to raise additional capital.
Concept: Concept of Sales Promotion
Mansi took her niece, Ridhima, for shopping to 'Mega Stores' to buy her a bag for her birthday. She was delighted when on payment of the bag she got a pencil box along with the bag free of cost.
Identify the technique of sales promotion used by the company.
Concept: Concept of Sales Promotion
Explain briefly Unity of Direction and Order as principles of general management.
Concept: Concept of Principles of Management
State any three points of importance of planning function of management.
Concept: Management Functions
Explain briefly any three semantic barriers to communication
Concept: Concept of Communication
Ramnath Ltd. is dealing in import of organic food items in bulk. The company sells the items in smaller quantities in attractive packages. Performance of the company has been up to the expectations in the past. Keeping up with the latest packaging technology, the company decided to upgrade its machinery. For this, the Finance Manager of the company, Mr Vikrant Dhull, estimated the amount of funds required and the timings. This will help the company in linking the investment and the financing decisions on a continuous basis. Therefore, Mr Vikrant Dhull began with the preparation of a sales forecast for the next four years. He also collected the relevant data about the profit estimates in the coming years. By doing this, he wanted to be sure about the availability of funds from the internal sources.
For the remaining funds, he is trying to find out alternative sources. Identify the financial concept discussed in the above paragraph. Also, State any two Points of the importance of the financial concept, so identified.
Concept: Concept of Financial Planning
Hemant, Guddu and Toshita were friends from college days and presently they were doing different kinds of business. They regularly meet and discuss their business ideas, and
exchange notes on customer satisfaction, marketing efforts, product designing, selling techniques, social concerns, etc.
In one of such meetings, Hemant drew the attention of Guddu and Toshita towards the exploitation of consumers. He told that most of the sellers were exploiting the consumers in
various ways and were not paying attention towards the social, ethical and ecological aspects of marketing, whereas he was not doing so. Guddu told that they were under pressure to satisfy the consumers but stated that the consumers would not buy or not buy enough unless they were adequately convinced and motivated for the same
Toshita stressed that a company cannot achieve its objectives without satisfying the needs of the customers. It was the duty of the businessmen to keep consumer satisfaction in mind because business is run by the resources made available by the society. She further stated that she herself was taking into consideration the needs of the customers. Identify the various types of thinking that guided Hemant, Guddu and Toshita in the marketing efforts of their business. Also, state one more feature each of the various types of thinking identified that is not given in the above paragraph.
Concept: Concept of Marketing Management
Rishitosh Mukherjee has recently joined AMV Ltd, a company manufacturing refrigerators. He found that his department was under-staffed and other departments were not cooperating with his department for the smooth functioning of the organisation. Therefore, he ensured that his department has the required number of employees and its cooperation with other departments is improved.
1) Identify the level at which Rishitosh Mukherjee was working.
2) Also, state three more functions required to be performed by Rishitosh Mukherjee at this
Concept: Levels of Management
Sanket, after completing his entrepreneurship course from the USA returned to India and started a coffee shop 'Fioma Coffee' in a famous mall in Mumbai. The speciality of the coffee shop was the special aroma of coffee and a wide variety of flavours to choose from. Somehow, the business was neither profitable nor popular. Sanket was keen to find out the reason. He appointed Riya, an MBA from a reputed management institute as a manager to find out the causes of the business not doing well.
Riya took a feedback from the clients and found out that though they loved the special unique aroma of coffee but were not happy with the long waiting time being taken to process the order. She analysed and found out that there were many unnecessary obstructions which could be eliminated. She fixed a standard time for processing the order She also realised that there were many flavours whose demand was not enough. So, she also decided to discontinue the sale of such flavours. As a result, within a short period, Riya was able to attract the customers. Identify and explain any two techniques of scientific management used by Riya to solve the problem.
Concept: Concept of Marketing Management
Give the meaning of Strategy and Rule as types of plans.
Concept: Concept of Planning
Explain briefly Casual Callers and Labour Contractors as external sources of recruitment
Concept: Staffing - Recruitment Process
These days, the development of a country is also judged by its system of transferring finance from the sector where it is in surplus to the sector where it is needed most. To give strength to the economy, SEBI is undertaking measures to develop the capital market. In addition to this, there is another market in which unsecured and short-term debt instruments are actively traded every day. These markets together help the savers and investors in directing the available funds into their most productive investment opportunity.
1) Name the function being performed by the market in the above case.
2) Also. explain briefly three other functions performed by this market.
Concept: Concept of Financial Markets
Avdhesh is the Managing Director of Delta Ltd. The company had established a good name for itself and had been doing well. It was known for timely completion of orders. The Production Manager, Ms Priyanka was efficiently handling the processing of orders and had a term of ten motivated employees working under her. Everything was going on well. Unfortunately, Priyanka met with an accident. Avdhesh knew that in the absence of Priyanka, the company may not be able to meet the deadlines. He also knew that not meeting the deadlines may lead to customer’s dissatisfaction with the risk of loss of business and goodwill. So, he had a meeting with his employees in which accurate and speedy processing of order was planned. Everybody agreed to work as a term because the behaviour of Avdhesh was positive towards the employees of the organisation. Everyone put in extra time and efforts and the targets were met on time. Not only this, Avdhesh visited Priyanka and advised her to take adequate rest.
1) Identify the leadership style of Avdhesh and draw a diagram depicting the style
2) Also, identify any two values highlighted by the behaviour of Avdhesh
Concept: Concept of Leadership
Metlapp Networks and Technologies Ltd. is a leader in technology innovation in the United States, creating products and solutions for connecting the world. It has a large research and evelopment team which invented the first smartwatch, named as W-7. The watch besides showing the time also monitors few health parameters like a heartbeat, blood pressure etc.
While in search of markets abroad, the company found that in India, the reform process was underway with the aim of accelerating the pace of economic growth. The company decided to take advantage of simplified export procedure and removal of quantitative as well as tariff restrictions in India.
It set up its office in Jamnagar with a view to capturing the Indian market. In a short span of time, the company emerged as a market leader. The success of the company attracted many other players to enter the market. The competition resulted in the reduction in prices, thereby benefiting the customers.
1) In the above paragraph, two major concepts related to government policy have been discussed. Identify and explain these concepts.
2) Also, explain briefly any three impacts of these concepts on Indian business and industry.
Concept: Impact of Government Policy Changes on Business with Special Reference to Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization in India
Explain any five points which highlight the importance of controlling function of management.
Concept: Importance of Controlling
Indian Youth Organisation (IYO) organised a visit of its members to an old age home to inculcate the habit of social work among them. The visit revealed that the living conditions of the inmates of the old age home were not hygienic. So, the IYO members decided to clean the premises. During their cleanliness drive, they realised that the old age home also required pest control. But some of the inmates of old age home were reluctant for it because they believed that the pest control may create health problems for them. IYO therefore decided to provide ethical, safe and odourless pest control. They showed to the inmates of old age home a pamphlet of the proposed pest control product which promised easy, inexpensive and long-lasting pest control. The inmates happily agreed and the pest
control was carried out. It worked for a fortnight but to their dismay, the effect started wearing off. IYO contacted the pest control company which kept on postponing their visit. After waiting for a month, IYO filed a case in the consumer court.
The consumer court was satisfied with the genuineness of the complaint and issued necessary directions to the pest control company
1) State any six directions that might have been issued by the court.
2) Also, identify any two values that are being communicated by IYO to the society.
Concept: Concept of Consumer Protection
Aman Chadha started 'Bulls Eye' a company for providing cyber security solutions to businesses. Its objective is to prevent, detect and respond to cyber attacks and protect critical data. He was a hardworking software engineer and an expert in cybersecurity. His reputation grew by leaps and bounds as he was not only a person of integrity but also did his work with utmost honesty and sincerity. The business started growing day by day.
He was delighted when he was offered a big project by the Ministry of Defence. While working on the project, he found that the volume of work made it impractical for him to handle all the work by himself. He decided to expand the team. The company maintained a close liaison with a local engineering college. During a campus placement, Ishan and Vrinda were appointed to work for the new project.
He found the new employees capable. Enthusiastic and trustworthy. Aman Chadha was thus, able to focus on objectives and with the help of Ishan and Vrinda, the project was completed on time. Not only this Aman Chadha was also able to extend his area of operations. On the other hand, Ishan and Vrinda also got opportunities to develop and exercise initiative.
1) Identify and briefly explain the concept used by Aman Chadha in the above case which helped him in focusing on objectives.
2) Also, state any four points of importance of the concept identified in (i) above.
Concept: Consumer Protection Act 1986
Explain briefly any four factors that affect the working capital requirement of a company.
Concept: Concept of Fixed and Working Capital
Mediquip Ltd. is a company dealing in the distribution of medical equipment. The company recently imported 15000 units of sugar testing machines to test the sugar levels without taking blood samples. For deciding the marketing strategy, the Chief Executive Officer of the company called a meeting of the marketing heads of different zones.
In the meeting, Sandeep, the North Zone Marketing Head, suggested that since the machines were sophisticated they need to visit hospitals to personally, explain its working to the hospital staff who would be using the machines. He also suggested that additional trained people may be recruited for the same.
Himanshu, another Zonal Head, added that since a lot of money had been spent on the import of the machines, the company was short of funds to pay to the additional staff as suggested by Sandeep
Rahul, a newly appointed Zonal Head of South Zone suggested that since the size of the order is not large, a detailed study of the factors determining the choice of channels of distribution is required before making the right choice.
1) Identify the factor influencing the choice of channels of distribution which were discussed in the meeting.
2) Also, explain briefly the other consideration to be taken care of in each factor identified in part (a).
Concept: Nature of Product
CBSE previous year question papers Class 12 Business Studies with solutions 2016 - 2017
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