HSC Commerce 12th Board ExamMaharashtra State Board
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Important Questions for HSC Commerce 12th Board Exam - Maharashtra State Board

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Features of Monopolistic Competition.

Appears in 8 question papers
Chapter: [1.05] Types of Market and Price Determination Under Perfect Competition
Concept: Main Market Forms

Equity Shares and Preference Shares.

Appears in 8 question papers
Chapter: [2] Sources of Business Finance
Concept: Types of Shares - Preference Shares Equity Shares

Explain the law of demand with its assumptions.

Appears in 7 question papers
Chapter: [1.03] Analysis of Demand and Elasticity of Demand
Concept: Demand Curve and Its Slope

Write short notes on  Importance of financial planning

Appears in 7 question papers
Chapter: [1] Business Finance
Concept: Importance of Financial Planning

State any one limitation of Analysis of Financial Statement.

Appears in 6 question papers
Chapter: [9] Analysis of Financial Statements
Concept: Concept of Financial Statement Analysis

Indian Partnership Act was passed in the year...............................

Appears in 5 question papers
Chapter: [1] Forms of Business Organizations
Concept: Concept of Partnership

write the short note on Significance of Principles of Management

Appears in 5 question papers
Chapter: [6] Principles of Management
Concept: Significance of Principles of Management

Share certificate and Share Warrant.

Appears in 5 question papers
Chapter: [3] Role of a Secretary in the Capital Formation Part 1
Concept: Issue of Share Certificate and Share Warrant

Primary Market and Secondary Market. 

Appears in 5 question papers
Chapter: [3] Role of a Secretary in the Capital Formation Part 1
Concept: Transfer and Transmission of Shares

Distinguish between Final dividend and Interim dividend.

Appears in 5 question papers
Chapter: [5] Declaration and Payment of Dividend
Concept: Interim and Final Dividend

Micro Economics and Macro Economics.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [2.01] Introduction to Macro Economics
Concept: Difference Between Mirco Economic and Macro Economic

Distinguish between Surplus budget and Deficit budget.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [2.07] Public Economics
Concept: Types of Budget

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below:
But even in a poverty-free world where every man and woman would earn enough to take care of themselves and their family, there would still be situations of temporary poverty due to a sudden catastrophe or misfortune, a bankruptcy or business downturn leading to failure, or some personal disease or disaster.

A poverty-free world might see a whole group of families, locations, or even regions devastated by some shared disasters, such as floods, tire, cyclones, riots, earthquakes or
other disasters. But such temporary problems could be taken care of by the market mechanism through insurance and other self-paying programmes, assisted of course by social-consciousness-driven enterprises.

There would always remain differences in lifestyle between people at the bottom of society and those at the top income levels. Yet that difference would be the difference between the middle-class and luxury class, just as on trains in Europe today you have only first-class and second-class carriages, whereas in nineteenth century there were third- class and even fourth-class carriages - sometimes with no windows and just hay strewn on the floor.

Can we really create a poverty-free world? A world without third-class or fourthclass citizens, a world without a hungry, illiterate, barefoot under-class?

(1) What is the extract about?               (1)

(2) How will the poverty-free world take care of natural disasters?  (2)

(3) According to the writer, what would, 'the world without poverty' be like? (2)

(4) What can we do to help the poor in our society?(2)

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed:
(i) Temporary problems could be taken care of by market mechanism.
(Rewrite the sentence beginning with 'Market mechanism ........ ')   (1)

(ii) In the nineteenth century, there were third-class carriages.
(Form a Wh-question to get the underlined part as an answer.)   (1)

(iii) There would still be situations of temporary poverty.
(Rewrite it using 'can'.)(1)

( 6) What do the following words in the extract mean -

(i) devastated     (1/2)

(ii) hay        (1/2)

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
Concept: Reading Skill

(A) Read the fo llowing extract and answer the questions given below :

Kalpana Chawla was extremely proud other birth-place and made every effort to bring it into the lime-light. During space flights she vit, (mid prondk point it out to her Fellow-astronauts. Once, during the second Hight she remembered her closest friend, Dais Chawla, who died in a road accident. In fact, despite her celebrity status, she took pains to track down her former teachers, classmates and friends in India and showed a keen desire to stay in touch with them.

Her affectionate and humble nature won the hearts of all who came in contact with her. Although Kalpana had a strong desire to go to Mars, fly over its canyons she was equally concerned about the well-being of the earth. She always urged young people to listen to the sounds of nature and take care of our fragile planet. During, her space trips, she took many breatlitakilig photographs of the earth for various terrestrial studies later on the ground. When she was in space, she always felt a sense of connection with everyone on the earth.

It was Kalpana's cherished desire to visit India again. But that was not to be. A few months after her tragic death, Harrison visited India. He went to her school and college, met her family, teachers and friends and scattered her ashes over the Himalayas.

(1) What is the extract about? (1)

(2) How was Kalpana connected with India and Indians? (2)

(3) How was Kalpana concerned about the well-being of the earth? (2)

(4) What would you like to do For India? (2)

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed:

(i) She took many breathtaking photographs of the earth.
(Rewrite it using the Present Perfect Continuous tense.) (1)

(ii) He scattered her ashes over the Himalayas.
(Rewrite it beginning with 'Her ashes ...... ')(1)

(iii) Kalpana was extremely proud of her birth-place and made every effort to bring it into limelight.
(Rewrite it using 'not only ...... but also'.)(1)

( 6) Give the antonyms from the extract for -

(i) collected                           (1/2)
(ii) forgot                              (1/2)

(B) Summary :
Write a summary of the above extract with the help of the following
points and suggest a suitable title :
Points : Kalpana's affection towards India and Indians her humble - nature her love for the earth Harrison's visit to India. (4)

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
Concept: Reading Skill

(A) Read the following extract and answer the questions given below :
Oil is one of the world's major sources of energy. We depend on it as fuel for heating, transport and generation of power.
For centuries, animal and vegetable oils have been used for cooking and as a source of artificial light. But it is mineral oil which meets most of the world's needs today.
Crude mineral oil comes out of the earth as a thick brown
or black liquid with a strong smell. It is a complex mixture of many different substances, each with its own individual qualities. Most of them are combinations of hydrogen and carbon in varying proportions. Such hydro-carbons are also found in other forms such as bitumen, asphalt and natural gas. Mineral oil originates from the carcasses of tiny animals and from plants that live in the sea. Over millions of years these dead creatures form large deposits under the sea bed and ocean currents cover them with a blanket of sand and silt. As this material hardens, it becomes sedimentary rock and effectively shuts out the oxygen so preventing the complete decomposition of the marine deposits underneath. The layers of sedimentary rock become thicker and heavier. Their pressure produces heat, which transforms the tiny carcasses into crude oil in a process that is still going on today .
The earth's crust is split into a few hu·ge continental plates which move continuously rather like rafts on a sluggish tide.
Geologists call this rnoven1ent as 'continental drift'.

(1) What does the extract ·tell us about? (1)

(2) In which form does crude mineral oil come out of the earthand from what does it originate? (2)

(3) How is 'continental drift' formed? (2)

(4) According to you, how can we stop the excess use of energy?  (2)
(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :
(i) Oil is one of the world's major sources of energy.
(Rewrite it as a negative sentence without changing its meaning.) (1)

(ii) As this material hardens, it becomes sedimentary rock.
(Make it.a compound sentence.) (1)

(iii) Geologists call this movement as 'con·tinental drift' .
(Frame a 'Wh-question' to get the underlined part as an answer.) (1)

(6) Give the antonyms fr.om the extract for :
(i) artificial
(ii) lighter

(B) Write·a brief summary of the above extract with the help of the points given below and suggest a suitable title.
Oil as a source of energy - our dependence - types of oil -mineral oil origin of crude oil formation of crude oil -farming of sedimentary rocks - continental drift 

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
Concept: Reading Skill

Read the following statements. Find out the correct statements and write them down : 

        On this historic moment, I stand here to thank Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. India’s present epoch maker has come over here to bless the state of Maharashtra which is definitely going to last forever. On behalf of thousands of common people, I express my deep sense of gratitude to him for blessing us. We Maharashtrians love him, worship him. And once again, I wish to declare that this state of Maharashtra, recently formed, will work for the betterment of the common people of Maharashtra, but if it comes to sacrifice, whatever best and grand we have, it will be done primarily for India. This is so, because, we believe from the beginning, that Maharashtra depends on India; its greatness depends on the greatness of India. All Maharashtrians believe that both India and Maharashtra can progress only when there is oneness of interest. And, therefore, I have made this clear by bringing to your notice the significance of certain symbols, for example, the Himalayas stand for lndia and the Sahyadri, for Maharashtra. The snowy Himalayas with the highest mountain ranges symbolise India and the Sahyadri with the blackest rock structure and with 200-300 inches rainfall symbolise Maharashtra. I promise you that if the Himalayas are in jeopardy, the Sahyadri of Maharashtra will use its black rock structure like a shield to protect the Himalayas. 

         ‘Hard labour’ is the watch word of our times. And, Panditji, you have given us the message of building Maharashtra and our nation by hard labour. We are going to inscribe this valuable message on our minds and try our best to look at your blessings and your guidance, as the blessings and guidance of an epoch
maker.

(i) Both India and Maharashtra can progress if they have different interests.
(ii) Hard work is the only way to build the future of India and Maharashtra.
(iii) The sacrifice of the best and grand in Maharashtra will be made for the state of Maharashtra.
(iv) In times of great calamity the Sahyadri will protect the Himalayas, like a shield.

Al. Read the following statements. Find out the correct statements and write them down :

A2. Complete the following statements : 
(i) The interest of Maharashtra and that of India should be one for the progress of Maharashtra state, because ................
(ii) Maharashtra depends on India, because ................

A3.Complete the table :

The name of the mountain Stands for The reason
The Himalayas The Sahyadri    

A4. Vocabulary -
Give antonyms of the following words by adding prefixes :
(i) gratitude
(ii) clear
(iii) believe
(iv) significance

A5. Personal response
Give your suggestions that will help the people to make Maharashtra prosperous.

A6. Grammar -
Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :
(i) India and Maharashtra can progress only when there is oneness of interest.
    (Rewrite it using ‘unless’)
(ii) This state of Maharashtra will work for the betterment of the common people of Maharashtra.
(Rewrite it using modal auxiliary showing ‘obligation’)

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3.02] Reading Skill
Concept: Reading Skill

Read the following extract carefully and present the information in the form of notes with the help of the given clues :
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President and second President of India.
He was a teacher, a philosopher and 'an author. He had introduced the thinking of Western idealist philosophers like Plato, Plontinus, Bergson into Indian thought.
He was born on 5th of September, 1888 in a poor Brahmin family. As his father could not afford his education expenses, Radhakrishnan supported most of his education
through scholarships. He completed his B.A. and M.A. with majors in philosophy. He went on to become a professor of philosophy. He showed that Indian Philosophy, once translated into standard academic jargon, is worthy of being called philosophy by Western standards.
He thus, placed Indian Philosophy on world map.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan had established a strong relationship with the Soviet Union when he w Is appointed as the ambassador to the Soviet Union.
He has been honoured with many awards for his achievements nationally and internationally. He was honoured with the Bharat Ratna in 1954. He is also acknowledged with the Templeton Prize, Peace Prize of German Book Trade, Order of Merit and many other honours.
Title : Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Birth : 5th September, 1888
Qualifications : B.A. ___________
Introduced thinking of : _________,_________and ____ into Indian thought.
Work : Translated_____________ into standard____________
Ambassador : __________________________________
Honours : National___________
                International Order of Merit

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill

Letter Writing :
Write a letter of application in response to the following advertisement with the help of the given C. V. (Resume):                 

Required
                                 A Purchase Officer
Qualifications :
Degree I Diploma in Electrical Engineering, able to do independent correspondence, computer literate and having an experience in similar field.
Apply to:
The Managing Director;
Cosmos Ltd.; 72-E Industrial Area;
Andheri (E); Mumbai 400093.

C. V. (Resume)

Name :Aruna Anil Shinde
Address : Bl-104, Rose Parade, S. B. Road, Nagpur.
Educational Qualifications :

Degree/Dipolma Year of passing University/Board Percentage Class
SSC 2007 Nagpur 72% First
HSC 2009 Nagpur 76% Distinction
BE.(Electrical) 2013 Nagpur University 78% Distinction

Other qualifications : Successfully completed
Computer Diploma from NIIT, Nagpur 2014.
Work Experience : Worked as the Purchase Officer in
Login Private Ltd., Nagpur.
Interest/Hobbies : Reading, music, swimming, chess.
Languages Known: English, Marathi, Hindi, Gujarati.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill

Write a letter to the Editor of a Newspaper drawing attention to the noise pollution in your locality. Suggest some solutions.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill

Write a short tourist's leaflet about any Hill Station that you know with the help of
the following points :
• How to reach there
• Accommodation facilities
• What to see
• Shopping attractions
• Anything special about the place.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [3.03] Writing Skill
Concept: Writing Skill
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