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English - Communicative
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The hopping kangaroo is a familiar sight in every snapshot relating to Australia. Members of the kangaroo family can be as small as a rat or as big as a man. Kangaroos are found mainly in Australia, Tasmania and New Guinea. Kangaroos, which are big-footed marsupials that evolved in Australia, use their short front legs like arms. The man-sized kangaroos of Australia are capable of speeding up to 88 km/hr for short distances, their means of locomotion being their powerful hind legs, which carry them over the ground in jumps of 9 m or more at a time.
Weighing around 70 kg, they have an average lifespan of around six to eight years and a maximum lifetime of 20 years. When bothered by predators, kangaroos often head for the water, standing submerged to the chest and attempting to drown the attacker by holding him under water. Another defensive technique is to get their back to a tree and kick at their adversary with their clawed hind feet, sometimes with sufficient force to kill a man. Normally shy animals, they alert other kangaroos to danger by beating on the ground with their hind feet. This loud alarm signal carries over a long distance.
The tail is important for kangaroos. It holds them in balance and supports them when they sit or fight against other kangaroos. The kangaroo uses its short legs as arms. With them it scratches itself, cleans its fur and holds branches when it eats leaves. Kangaroos are marsupials and the females carry newborns in a pouch in front of their abdomens. The babies are born small and climb up into safety of the pouch. There, for the next 225 days or so, they eat, sleep and grow. Once they reach full development, they leave the pouch. A young kangaroo that leaves the pouch is called a ‘joey’. To keep from getting too hot, the kangaroos take naps in the afternoon and do most of their grazing at night. But the best stay-cool secret of these creatures is the spit bath! Kangaroos drool and lick saliva all over their faces and bodies to cool down.

On the basis of your reading of the above passage, complete the following sentences with appropriate words/phrases:
(a) When followed by predators, kangaroos submerge ____________ and _________________.

(b) The powerful hind legs help kangaroos to __________________.

(c) Kangaroos are mainly found in Australia and are ____________________.

(d) They use their front legs to ___________________.

(e) Kangaroos warn others of danger by _______________________.

(f) The secret of kangaroos to stay cool is ______________________.

(g) They use their tails to _________________________.

(h) Before becoming ‘joeys’, the young ones stay in the ______________ and ________________.

[1] Reading
Chapter: [1] Reading
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
Appears in 4 question papers

It is rare to find someone with good technical and communication skills. You can get far ahead of your colleagues if you combine the two early in your career. People will judge, evaluate, promote or block you based on your communication skills. Since habits form by repeating both good and bad forms of communication, learn to observe great communicators and adopt their styles and traits — in written and verbal forms. The art of listening and learning from each and every interaction is another secret recipe. Develop the subconscious habit of listening to yourself as you speak and know when to pause.

Learning what not to say is probably more important than learning what to say. As your career develops, you will realize that the wise speak less. Speak when you have value to add, else refrain. Poorly constructed emails with grammatical errors are acceptable between friends, but they should be seriously avoided while communicating formally with your seniors. Avoid any communication in an emotional state when might say things you will regret later. One unnecessary word uttered at the wrong time or place can ruin a relationship, career or even your life. Such is the power of words. If such a thing happens, you should immediately apologise, else it may haunt you for life.

Another problem to overcome is speaking too fast. Since our minds are working faster than our speech, we are inclined to speak fast. This does not necessarily mean that the person hearing it will get it any faster. On the contrary, it is always the reverse. So slow down and think before you speak. “When I get ready to speak to people,” Abraham Lincoln said, “I spend two-thirds of the time thinking what they want to hear and one-thirds of the time thinking what they want to hear and one-third thinking what I want to say.” Adding humour and wit is also essential. But realize that not all jokes are funny and observe certain boundaries. Never say anything that could offend. Remember you are not a comedian who must offend as many people as you can to be witty.

2.1 Answer the following questions briefly:

(a) Why is it necessary to have good communication skills?

(b) How can communication skills be developed?

(c) What, according to the writer, should be avoided while communicating?

(d) Why should you be careful when you tend to be humorous?

2.2 Choose the most appropriate meanings of the given words from the options provided:

(a) evaluate (para 1)

(i) estimate
(ii) assume
(iii) punish
(iv) evolve

(b) trait (para 1)

(i) treaty
(ii) trail
(iii) quality
(iv) liberty

(c) utter (para 2)

(i) flatter
(ii) speak
(iii) rot
(iv) unique

(d) haunt (para 2)

(i) hunt
(ii) chant
(iii) trouble
(iv) avoid

[1] Reading
Chapter: [1] Reading
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
Appears in 4 question papers

You had visited Antarctica and had an opportunity to see the polar ice caps melting and realized that the threat of global warming is very real. Taking ideas from the MCB unit on Environment along with your own ideas, write an article in 100–120 words on what a student can do to preserve the environment. You are Rama/Ram.

[2] Writing and Grammar
Chapter: [2] Writing and Grammar
Concept: Writing Skill
Appears in 1 question paper

You were one among a group of students who represented your state in a national youth exchange programme. It was an eye-opener which made you realise the spirit of unity in diversity. Taking ideas from the MCB unit on National Integration along with your own ideas, write a letter to the editor of a newspaper in 100–120 words on the importance of National Integration. You are Maya/Mohan, 4 Rampur Road, Bareilly.

[2] Writing and Grammar
Chapter: [2] Writing and Grammar
Concept: Writing Skill
Appears in 1 question paper

There was a lot of excitement in the air. The sound of crackers could be heard all around. Manu rushed out …………………………..

[2] Writing and Grammar
Chapter: [2] Writing and Grammar
Concept: Writing Skill
Appears in 1 question paper

Before starting the journey, he made sure that he hadn’t forgotten anything. He got into the train, settled in his seat and looked around …….

[2] Writing and Grammar
Chapter: [2] Writing and Grammar
Concept: Writing Skill
Appears in 1 question paper

For he seemed to me again like a king.
Like a king in exile, uncrowned in the underworld,
Now due to be crowned again.
And so, I missed my chance with one of the lords
Of life.
And I have something to expiate:
A pettiness.

(a) Why is the snake called a king in exile?
(b) What is the pettiness referred to in these lines?
(c) What does the word ‘underworld’ mean?

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

I only waved denial and gurgled in my throat. She went on “It’s bad enough to have you flirt over the Ouija board with that hussy ----.”
(a) What was John denying?
(b) What does the word ‘hussy’ mean?
(c) Why did Lavinia think that John was flirting?

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

What was the crime committed by the mariner?

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

Why did the news about Sebastian Shultz shock Michael?

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

How did Brutus justify Caesar’s assassination?

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

Why did the dialogue given to him disappoint Patol Babu?

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

What feelings does the partially destroyed statue of Ozymandias convey?

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

Patience and hard work go a long way in achieving your goals. How does Patol Babu win the admiration of the director through a very small role? Write in 80–100 words.

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

Mark Antony, with the help of his oratory, succeeded in winning the mob over to his side. This led to the downfall of the conspirators. Write in 80–100 words, how with the power of words he could effect a change in his listeners.

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

How does Anne criticize the attitude of the grown-ups in her diary?

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

Write a character sketch of Mrs. Van Daan.

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

What were Helen’s memories of Radcliffe?

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

How important was the presence of Miss Anne Sullivan in Helen’s life?

[3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Chapter: [3] Literature Textbooks and Extended Reading Text
Concept: Reading Skill (Non-textual)
Appears in 1 question paper

The Perfect Dog
In the summer of 1967, when I was ten years old, my father caved into my persistent pleas and took me to get my own dog. Together we drove in the family station wagon far into the Michigan countryside to a farm run by a rough-hewn woman and her ancient mother. The farm produced just one commodity—dogs. Dogs of every imaginable size and shape and age and temperament. They had only two things in common: each was a mongrel of unknown and distinct ancestry, and each was free to a good home.
I quickly decided the older dogs were somebody else’s charity case. I immediately raced to the puppy cage. “You want to pick one that’s not timid,” my father coached. “Try rattling the cage and see which ones aren’t afraid.”

I grabbed the chain-link gate and yanked on it with a loud clang. The dozen or so puppies reeled backward, collapsing on top of one another in a squiggling heap of fur. Just one remained. He was gold with a white blaze on his chest, and he charged at the gate, yapping fearlessly. He jumped up and excitedly licked my fingers through the fencing. It was love at first sight.
I brought him home in a cardboard box and named him Shaun. He was one of those dogs that give dogs a good name. He effortlessly mastered every command I taught him and was naturally well-behaved. I could drop a crust on the floor and he would not touch it until I gave the okay.
Relatives would visit for the weekend and returned home determined to buy a dog of their own, so impressed were they with Shaun – or “Saint Shaun”, as I came to call him. Born with the curse of an uncertain lineage, he was one of the tens of thousands of unwanted dogs in America. Yet by some stroke of almost providential good fortune, he became wanted. He came into my life and I into his – and in the process, he gave me the childhood every kid deserves.

The love affair lasted fourteen years, and by the time he died I was no longer the little boy who had brought him home on that summer day. I was a man, out of college and working across the state in my first real job. Saint Shaun had stayed behind when I moved on. It was where he belonged. My parents, by then retired, called to break the news to me. My mother would later tell me, “In fifty years of marriage, I’ve only seen your father cry twice. The first time was when we lost Mary Ann” – my sister, who was still-born. “The second time was the day Shaun died.”

Saint Shaun of my childhood. He was a perfect dog. At least that’s how I will always remember him. It was Shaun who set the standard by which I would judge all other dogs to come.
(Marley and Me by John Grogan)

1.1 Based on your reading of the passage, complete the following statements. 

(a) The dog farm was run by ________________________________.

(b) The author did not want an old dog because ______________________________.

(c) He fell in love with the dog the moment the latter _______________________.

(d) Shaun became so obedient that he ______________________ until the author allowed him.

(e) After visiting them, their relatives wanted ________________________.

(f) When Shaun died even _______________________.

1.2 Find words from the passage which mean the same as the following. 

(a) urgent requests (para 1)

(b) falling (para 3)

[1] Reading
Chapter: [1] Reading
Concept: Reading Skill (Textual)
Appears in 5 question papers
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Question Bank Solutions for CBSE Class 10 CBSE English - Communicative. You can further filter Question Bank Solutions by subjects and chapters. Solutions for most of the questions for CBSE can be found here on shaalaa.com. You can use these solutions to prepare for your studies and ace in exams. Solving questions is a great way to practice and with shaalaa.com, you can answer a question and then also check your answer with the solutions provided.
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