Draw the circuit diagram of zener diode as a voltage regulator and briefly explains its working ?
Zener diode as voltage regulator
After the break down voltage, a small change in the voltage across the zener diode produces a large change in the current through the circuit.
If the voltage is increased beyond the zener voltage, then the resistance of the zener diode drops considerably.
A zener diode and a resistor are connected to a fluctuating DC supply such that the zener diode is reverse biased.
- When the voltage across the diode tends to increase, the current through the diode rises out of proportion and causes a sufficient increase in voltage drop across the resistor. Therefore, the O/P voltage lowers back to normal.
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- Zener Diode as a Voltage Regulator