# You are given the two circuits as shown in following figure. Show that circuit acts as OR gate while the circuit acts as AND gate. (a) (b) - Physics

Numerical

You are given the two circuits as shown in following figure. Show that circuit

1. acts as OR gate while the circuit
2. acts as AND gate.

(a) (b) #### Solution

(a) A and B are the inputs and Y is the output of the given circuit. The left half of the given figure acts as the NOR Gate, while the right half acts as the NOT Gate. This is shown in the following figure. Hence, the output of the NOR Gate = bar("A+B")

This will be the input for the NOT Gate. Its output will be bar(bar ("A + B")) = A + B

∴ Y = A + B

Hence, this circuit functions as an OR Gate.

(b) A and B are the inputs and Y is the output of the given circuit. It can be observed from the following figure that the inputs of the right half NOR Gate are the outputs of the two NOT Gates Hence, the output of the given circuit can be written as:

Y = bar(bar"A" + bar"B") = bar(bar("A")). bar(bar"B") = A.B

Hence, this circuit functions as an AND Gate.

Concept: Digital Electronics and Logic Gates
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#### APPEARS IN

NCERT Physics Part 1 and 2 Class 12
Chapter 14 Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Exercise | Q 14.11 | Page 498
NCERT Class 12 Physics Textbook
Chapter 14 Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Exercise | Q 15 | Page 511

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