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Write Two Differences Between an Ideal Solution and a Non-ideal Solution. - Chemistry

Write two differences between an ideal solution and a non-ideal solution.

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Solution

Ideal Solution Non-ideal Solution
An ideal solution of the components A and B is defined as the solution in which the intermolecular interactions
between the components (A–B
attractions) are of the same
magnitude as the intermolecular
interactions found in the pure
components (A–A attractions and B–B attractions).

A non-ideal solution of the
components A and B is defined as the solution in which the intermolecular interactions between the components (A–B
attractions) are of different
magnitude as the intermolecular interactions found in the pure components (A–A attractions and B–B attractions).

ΔmixH = 0 and ΔmixV = 0. ΔmixH ≠ 0 and ΔmixV ≠ 0.
Solutions which obey Raoult’s law over the entire range of concentrations are know as ideal solutions Solutions which do not obey Raoult’s law over the entire range of concentration are know as non-ideal solutions
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