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Write the reaction between ethanol and acetic anhydride. - Chemistry

Answer in Brief

Write the reaction between ethanol and acetic anhydride.

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Solution

Ethanol reacts with acetic anhydride in presence of an acid catalyst to form a corresponding ester.

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\phantom{................}\ce{O}\phantom{.................}\ce{O}\phantom{.......................}\ce{O}\phantom{}\\
\phantom{................}||\phantom{..................}||\phantom{.......................}||\phantom{}\\
\ce{\underset{\text{Ethanol}}{C2H5 - OH} + \underset{\text{Acetic anhydride}}{(CH3 - C -)2O} ⇌[H+] \underset{\text{Ethyl ethanoate}}{CH3 - C - O - C2H5} + \underset{\text{Ethanoic acid}}{CH3 - C - OH}}
\end{array}\]

Concept: Ethers
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APPEARS IN

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank 12th Standard HSC Chemistry Maharashtra State Board 2021
Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Short Answer Questions (Type-II) | Q 5.2
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