Write short notes.
- Emergence of Sociology as a scientific discipline can be traced back to the ‘Enlightenment period’.
- It is the period of European thought that witnessed remarkable social, political, and economic changes.
- This period stressed the importance of positive, logical, and scientific thinking as well as experience. It challenged religious and traditional authority.
- Individuals moved from traditional to a new way of thinking and perceiving reality. They logically questioned each aspect of life.
- Scientific and rational thinking remained at the forefront during this period.
- Intellectuals in this period (such as Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Bacon, Machiavelli) placed importance on the cause and effect relationship.
- This period led to the emergence of ideas of secular, liberal, and democratic societies.
Concept: Introduction of Sociology
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