Maharashtra State BoardHSC Arts 12th Board Exam
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Write Short Note on the Following. Features of Micro Economics. - Economics

Short Note

Write short note on the following.
Features of Micro Economics.

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Solution

Features of Micro Economics:-

1. Study of Individual Unit:- Micro economics is concerned with the study of economic behaviour of individual units like households, firms, industries and markets. In other words, it makes microscopic or in-depth study of individual economic units and no the whole economic units.

2. Microscopic approach:- Micro Economics takes a microscopic view of the economy to study how it works, i.e. it studies the function of the economy in terms of behaviour of the individual consumers, producers, firms, markets and industries. This approach is also known as slicing method, since it splits the whole economy into smaller units for the purpose of intensive study.

3. Price Theory:- Micro economics analyses how the prices of individual commodities and services are determined. It also explains how millions of producers and consumers take decision regarding allocation of resources.

4. Partial equilibrium analysis:- Micro Economics makes partial equilibrium analysis. Micro economics is based on the assumption ‘Ceteris paribus’ (which means ‘other things being constant).

5. Uses Slicing method:- Micro economics uses slicing method for in-depth study of economic units. It divides or slices the economy into smaller units, (such as individual households, individual firms, etc) for the purpose of in-depth study.

6. Vision:- Micro Economics studies in detail about the behaviour of individual economic units it examine the trees and not the entire forest.

7. Not a study of Aggregates:- Micro Economics is distinct from Macro Economics. In Macro Economics we are concerned with the economy as a whole. In micro economics we are concerned with the study of Individual units.

Concept: Introduction and Features of Micro Economics
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