Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 8th Standard
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Write Short Note On. Civil and Criminal Law - History and Civics

Short Note

Write short note on.

Civil and Criminal Law

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By definition, civil law is “A body of rules that delineate private rights and remedies, and govern disputes between individuals in such areas as contracts, property, and Family Law; distinct from criminal or public law”.

Examples : murder, attack, robbery, and drunken driving. Civil law deals with actions that constitute an damage to a person or other private party, such as a corporation. Examples : insult (including defame), break of the agreement, inattention resulting in wound or death, and property damage.


The laws to the following cases are the types of civil law.

• Contract Disputes law

• Property Disputes law

• Torts law

• Class Action Cases law

• Complaints against the City law


By definition “criminal law is a body of laws that apply to criminal acts. In instances where an individual fails to adhere to a particular criminal statute, he or she commits a criminal act by breaking the law.”

Examples are :

• Violent crimes which include murder and criminal killing, compulsory rape, irritated assault, and robbery

• Property crimes which include burglary, fire-raising, stealing/theft, and motor-vehicle theft.

This body of laws is different from civil law because criminal law punishment involves the rejection of one's rights and imprisonment

Types of criminal law

Misdemeanor crime laws: deal with lower level criminal offense, such as small physical attack, traffic offenses, or petty thefts. Moreover, in most states, the penalty for these crime is typically one year or less.

Felony crime laws: deal with crimes involving more serious offenses. Some examples of felonies include murder, manslaughter, dealing drugs, rape, robbery, and arson.

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Balbharati History and Civics 8th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 2.4 The Indian Judicial System
Exercise | Q 1 | Page 82
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