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Write note on The Great Escarpment - Geography

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The Great Escarpment

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  1. The Great Escarpment is an important physiographic division of Brazil.
  2. It is very steep and occupies a very small area. The nature of its slope and the effect it has on the climate makes it a separate physiographic region.
  3. The eastern side of the Highlands is demarcated because of escarpment. Here, the altitude of the escarpment is 790 m, the height decreases gradually in some regions. The escarpment is very steep particularly from Sao Paulo to Porto Alegre.
  4. The escarpment act as a barrier to the South-east Trade winds giving rise to the rain shadow area in the north-eastern part of the highlands. The region to the north of this area is called ‘Drought Quadrilateral’.
Concept: Physiography - Physiography of Brazil
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Balbharati Social Science Geography 10th Standard SSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 3 Physiography and Drainage
Exercise | Q 3.5 | Page 23
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