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Write the Mechanism of Hydration of Ethene to Yield Ethanol. - Chemistry

Write the mechanism of hydration of ethene to yield ethanol.

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Solution

The mechanism of hydration of ethene to form ethanol involves three steps.

Step 1:

Protonation of ethene to form carbocation by electrophilic attack of H3O+:

`H_2O + H^(+) -> H_3O^(+)`

Step 2:

Nucleophilic attack of water on carbocation:

Step 3:

Deprotonation to form ethanol:

 

 

Concept: Preparation of Phenols from Haloarenes, Benzenesulphonic Acid, Diazonium Salts and Cumene
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Textbook
Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Q 11 | Page 344
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