Write information about Indian National Congress. Background - History

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Write information about Indian National Congress.


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Introduction: The founding of the Indian National Congress which eventually followed the 1857 Independence war, was the key event in the independence movement of India. It was the first organization in India that pulled people from all quarters of India.


  1. Dwarkanath Tagore established the 'Land Holders Association' in 1837 to safeguard the interests of landlords.
  2. In 1839, William Adams, a friend of Raja Ram Mohan Roy established the 'British India Society' in London to acquaint the British citizens in England with the conditions in British India.
  3. Later, George Thomson, a friend of Dwarkanath Tagore established the 'Bengal British Indian Association' and the 'Bengal British India Society'.
  4. In 1851, 'The Land Holder's Association' and 'The Bengal British India Society' merged together and 'British Indian Association was founded.
  5. By the initiative of Harishchandra Mukherjee, this organization dispatched a document presenting the grievances of the Indian people to the British Parliament.
  6. In 1866, Dadabhai Nowrojee in collaboration with Vyomeshchandra Banerjee established the 'East India Association in London and began the work of creating awareness about Indian conditions.
  7. The 'India League' was active in this regard from 1875. Later, Suredranah Banerjee established the 'Indian Association'.
  8. The 'Madras Mahajan Sabha' founded in 1884 was an important nationalist organization.
  9. At about the same time English education and the urge for social reforms resulted in the formation of 'The Bombay Presidency Association' in January 1885 by Justice Kashinath Trimbak Telang, Pherozeshah Mehta, and their associates.

These institutions served as the foundation for the formation of the Indian National Congress.

Concept: Background of Founding the Indian National Congress
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