Write in brief about.
Conflict with the Afghans
- The Marathas chastised the Rohillas who had migrated from Afghanistan to Rohilkhand.
- The ruler of Afghanistan, Ahmadshah Abdali, who was attracted by the riches of India and wanted to bring the region up to Punjab under Afghanistan, attacked Punjab in 1751 CE.
- As there was anarchy in the Mughal territory, the Mughal Emperor sought help from Marathas to protect Delhi from the threat of Abdali’s invasion. He signed a treaty with the Marathas in April 1752 to protect the Mughal power from enemies like the Rohillas, the Jats, the Rajputs, and the Afghans.
- In return, the Marathas were given the right to collect Chauthai in the territories of Punjab, Multan, Rajputana, Sindh, and Rohilkhand and the Subhedari of Ajmer and Agra provinces.
- As per the treaty, the Peshwa sent the Shinde-Holkar armies to protect Delhi on behalf of the Chhatrapati. On hearing that the Marathas were marching to Delhi, Abdali went back to his country.
- Since Abdali’s threat got averted, the Emperor gave the Marathas, Chauthai rights to the Mughal subhas of Kabul, Kandahar, and Peshawar which were a part of Abdali’s Afghanistan.
- According to the treaty, it was the Marathas’ duty to win back these Subhas from Abdali.
- A conflict ensued between Abdali and the Marathas which further led to the Third Battle of Panipat. ix. Abdali invaded India six times during this period
Concept: Conflict with the Afghans
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