Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 7th Standard
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Write in brief about. Conflict with the Afghans - History and Civics

Short Note

Write in brief about.

Conflict with the Afghans

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  1. The Marathas chastised the Rohillas who had migrated from Afghanistan to Rohilkhand.
  2. The ruler of Afghanistan, Ahmadshah Abdali, who was attracted by the riches of India and wanted to bring the region up to Punjab under Afghanistan, attacked Punjab in 1751 CE.
  3. As there was anarchy in the Mughal territory, the Mughal Emperor sought help from Marathas to protect Delhi from the threat of Abdali’s invasion. He signed a treaty with the Marathas in April 1752 to protect the Mughal power from enemies like the Rohillas, the Jats, the Rajputs, and the Afghans.
  4. In return, the Marathas were given the right to collect Chauthai in the territories of Punjab, Multan, Rajputana, Sindh, and Rohilkhand and the Subhedari of Ajmer and Agra provinces.
  5. As per the treaty, the Peshwa sent the Shinde-Holkar armies to protect Delhi on behalf of the Chhatrapati. On hearing that the Marathas were marching to Delhi, Abdali went back to his country.
  6. Since Abdali’s threat got averted, the Emperor gave the Marathas, Chauthai rights to the Mughal subhas of Kabul, Kandahar, and Peshawar which were a part of Abdali’s Afghanistan.
  7. According to the treaty, it was the Marathas’ duty to win back these Subhas from Abdali.
  8. A conflict ensued between Abdali and the Marathas which further led to the Third Battle of Panipat. ix. Abdali invaded India six times during this period
Concept: Conflict with the Afghans
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Balbharati History and Civics 7th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 1.11 Marathas - The Protectors of the Nation
Exercise | Q 2.2 | Page 52
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