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Write the Factors Which Are Related to the Colour of Transition Metal Ions. - Chemistry

Short Note

Write the factors which are related to the colour of transition metal ions.

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Solution

Factors responsible for colour of a transition metal ions :
(a) The presence of incompletely filled d – orbitals in metal ions.                                [1/2 M]
(b) The presence of unpaired electrons in d – orbitals.                                                 [1/2 M]
(c) d – d transition of electrons due to absorption of radiation in the visible region.   [1/2 M]
(d) Type of hybridisation in metal ion in the complex.                                                  [1/2 M]
(e) Geometry of the complex containing transition metal ion.

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