Write down the difference between homologous and analogous organs. - Science and Technology 2

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Distinguish Between

Write down the difference between homologous and analogous organs.

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Solution

Homologous organs Analogous organs
1. Homologous organs are those that have similar structures, morphologies, and architecture but have different functions. 1. Analogous organs are those that have dissimilar structures, morphologies, and architecture yet perform similar tasks.
2. They share common ancestors, hence they are inherited. 2. They are inherited from different ancestors.
3. They have similar developmental patterns. 3. They have dissimilar developmental patterns.
4. Examples include human limbs, whale flippers, and horse forelimbs. 4. Common examples are the wings of birds, bats, and insects.
5. Limbs of human, flippers of whales and forelimbs of horses are common examples. 5. Opuntia and peepal leaves are comparable plant parts.
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