Write down the electronic configuration of the following elements from the given atomic numbers. Answer the following question with explanation.
6C, 3Li, 9F, 7N, 8O Which of the above elements has the highest nonmetallic character?
6C, 3Li, 9F, 7N, 8O
Electronic configuration of the following elements is:
6C = 2,4
3Li = 2,1
9F = 2,7
7N = 2,5
8O = 2,6
9F has the highest nonmetallic character because non-metallic character of an elements increases as we move from left to right in a period of the periodic table. This happens as the tendency of an atom to gain electrons increases due to increase in nuclear charge, the valence electrons are pulled in strongly by the nucleus and it becomes easier for an atom to gain electrons.