Answer in Brief
Industrialisation and Urbanisation
|1. Industrialisation is a process of social and economic change whereby a human society is transformed from a State pre-industrial to an industrial.||Urbanisation is a two-way process that involves movement from villages to cities and change from agricultural occupation to business, trade, service and profession and change in the migrants’ attitudes, beliefs, values and behavioural patterns.|
|2. Industrialisation is mainly associated with the growth of factories and industries.||Urbanisation is mainly associated with the migration from rural and tribal areas to industrial locations.|
|3. Industrialisation was the result of use of heavy machinery (mechanisation) and automation.||Modern urbanisation was the result of industrialisation. People migrated to urban areas in search of employment.|
|4. Industrialisation indirectly contributed to breakdown of joint families and shrinking size of families.||Urbanisation has led to the notion of being ‘lonely in a crowd.’|
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