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Write a case study on pollution of ganga river. - Environmental Studies

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Answer in Brief

Write a case study on pollution of ganga river.

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Solution

  • The Ganges River is 2,525 km, rising in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is the longest river of India and ranks among the world's top 20 rivers by amount of water discharge.
  • The Ganges basin formed, is the most heavily populated river basin in the world.
    Pollution in the Ganges River
  • The settlements built along the river, as well as the dumping of waste
    water have resulted in the serious pollution in the Ganges.
  •  Some people even cremate and dump the bodies of the deceased into the river during holy rituals.
  •  Despite this, people still use the river to wash their clothes, bath and carry out their daily activities. The World Health Organisation has stated that the Coliform bacteria in the Ganges River are over 2800 times higher than the level considered safe for humans.
  • Worse, the leather industry dumps water polluted with chromium into the Ganges, making water there toxic and poisonous.
    Consequences of pollution of Ganges River
  • More than 420 million people depend on the Ganges River and they will be affected very badly due to the pollution.
  •  People utilising the water, no matter if it is consuming the water or just using the water to bathe, wash clothes, they might suffer from water-borne disease such as diarrhoea and cholera
  •  Marine animals living inside the Ganges River will die as a result of poisoning from the pollutants.
  •  The government has to spend a lot of money to clean up the pollution in the Ganges River, affecting the economy
  •  Fishing will also be affected as the fish population will decrease due to poisoning from the toxic waste.
Concept: Sources of Water Pollution
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