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What were the factors responsible for the end of Cold War ?
The following factors were responsible for the end of Cold War:
1. The Soviet Union adopted the policy of opening up its economy which loosened the state control.
2. Mikhail Gorbachev’s policy of Perestroika (Restructuring) and Glasnost (Openness) reduced state control on media that led to important political and economic changes on democratic lines.
3. Since the East European countries under the influence of the Soviet Union adopted the capitalist and democratic paths, it led to a change of regimes in those nations.
4. Ultimately, the Soviet Union disintegrated and several new nations emerged out of the old bloc, Russia being the largest.