Write the Basic Nuclear Process Involved in the Emission of β+ in a Symbolic Form - Physics

(a) Write the basic nuclear process involved in the emission of β+ in a symbolic form, by a radioactive nucleus.

(b) In the reactions given below:

(i)""_16^11C->_y^zB+x+v

(ii)""_6^12C+_6^12C->_a^20 Ne + _b^c He

Find the values of x, y, and z and a, b and c.

Solution

(a)

The basic nuclear process involved in the emission of β+ in a symbolic form, by a radioactive nucleus

p β+v

For a beta-plus decay, a proton transforms into a neutron within the nucleus, according to the above reaction.

(b)

(i)

""_6^11C->_y^zB+x+v

=>""_6^11C->_5^11B+_1^0beta+100

The corresponding y and z are 5 and 11, respectively. The x is the positron

(ii)

""_6^12C+_6^12C->_a^20 Ne +_b^c He

""_6^12C+_6^12C->_10^20Ne+_2^4He

The corresponding values of a, b and c are 10, 2 and 4, respectively.

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