Write a note in your own words about how land use in Lonar city has evolved over time. - Geography

Answer in Brief

Write a note in your own words about how land use in Lonar city has evolved over time.



Two maps of Lonar city are given. One map is of the year 2005-06, and another is of 2015-16. These two maps show the changes in land use that have taken place in the span of 10 years. The following changes have been registered.

  • There is no change in the size of Lonar Lake.
  • The area occupied by Lonar City has increased substantially.
  • The Forest area around the lake has increased.
  • An area under wasteland/ scrubs has increased.
  • Around the temple in the southeast, a new rural hospital, government hostel, government ITI, Tahsil office, etc., have been developed on the waste scrubland. This newly developed area has been named Krishna Nagar, which is not on the 2005-06 map.
  • To the northeast of Lonar city, two more buildings have been constructed. One is a central public school, and another is a civil and criminal court.
  • To the south of the temple in the heart of Lonar city, a built-up residential area is spreading over built-up residential sparse.
  • Overall, built-up residential sparse is increasing in all directions around Lonar Lake and south-east of Lonar city, and thus there is encroachment over agricultural land.
Concept: Types of Settlement
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Chapter 3: Human Settlements and Land Use - Exercise [Page 30]


Balbharati Geography 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use
Exercise | Q 7) | Page 30


Answer the following question:

Explain the characteristics of rural settlements.

Draw a neat and well-labelled diagram for:

Dispersed settlement

Read the given passage and answer the following questions:

Different types of human settlements include hamlets, villages, small towns, large towns, isolated places, cities, and conurbations. In some systems, types of human settlements are broken up into urban, suburban, and rural; for example, the U.S. Census Bureau divides settlements into urban or rural categories based on precise definitions. Small settlements, such as hamlets and villages, have low populations and restricted access to services. Larger types of settlements, such as cities, have higher populations, higher densities, and greater access to services. For example, a village may have only one or two general stores, while a large metropolis may have many specialized stores and chain stores. These differences are known as low-order service settlements and high-order service settlements. Larger settlements also have a sphere of influence affecting surrounding settlements. Settlements may also be divided by the site chosen, such as sites selected based on resources, trading points, defensive sites, shelter, and relationship to water resources. The functions of human settlements also differ, as settlements may be established as ports, market towns, and resorts. Types of rural settlements may also be classified by function, such as proximity to farming, fishing, and mining. Settlements that focus on one economic activity are called single functional settlements. Human settlements may be permanent or temporary. For example, a refugee camp is a temporary settlement, while a city is a permanent settlement.

1) Which human settlements are mentioned in the passage above?
2) On what basis are urban and rural areas classified?
3) What are the functions carried out in rural settlements?
4) Explain the difference between low-order service and high-order service settlements.

Identify the incorrect factor

Settlement type:

Identify the correct group

Political factors affecting on the location of settlement:

Identify the correct group

Types of settlements according to pattern:

State whether right or wrong:

Nucleated settlements are developed around a centre

State whether right or wrong:

Rectangular settlements are found on the bank of the confluence of two rivers or roads or on the coastline.

Draw a diagram and label it.

Rural land use

Draw a diagram and label it:

Radial pattern settlement 


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