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With Regards to the Achievement of the Sdgs, What is the One Inference that Can Be Drawn Based on the Information Given Above? - Logical Reasoning

Question

MCQ

Direction : Read the following passage and answer the question that follows:

With that deadline now a decade away, the world is set to miss most of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Just two of them — eliminating preventable deaths among newborns and under-fives and getting children into primary schools — are closest among all the goals of being achieved. By contrast, the goal to eliminate extreme poverty will not be met because some 430 million people are expected still to be living in such conditions in 2030. Targets to end hunger and to protect climate and biodiversity are completely off track. Whereas some of the richer countries are making a degree of progress in the SDGs overall, two-thirds of poorer ones are not expected to meet those that relate even to their most basic needs.

With regards to the achievement of the SDGs, what is the one inference that can be drawn based on the information given above?

Options

  • One-third of the developing countries have met the SDGs with regards to basic needs.

  • All the developed countries have met the SDGs with regards to basic needs.

  • The majority of the world population will still be living in extreme poverty in 2030.

  • Protection of climate and biodiversity remains a challenge for all countries.

Solution

Protection of climate and biodiversity remains a challenge for all countries.

Explanation:

The passage mentions that two-thirds of poorer ones are not expected to meet those that relate even to their most basic needs. From this, we cannot make inferences about the remaining one-third countries. Firstly, we don’t know whether poorer and developing refer to the same countries or not. Also, no information has been provided regarding developed countries and their SDGs. Though commonsense suggests that these countries would have met the SDGs regarding basic needs, we cannot make any inferences based on external knowledge. Similarly, though the passage states that some 430 million people are expected still to be living in such conditions in 2030, we cannot conclude whether this is a majority or just a significant part of the population. 
Only protection of climate and biodiversity remains a challenge for all countries is the correct inference that can be drawn based on the statement, “Targets to end hunger and to protect climate and biodiversity are completely off track.”

Concept: Statement and Assumption (Entrance Exam)
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