With reference to the Two Major World wars in the 20th century, answer the following questions:
State any four causes that led to the Second World War.
Four causes which led to the Second World War:
(i) There was dissatisfaction in Italy and Germany with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Several harsh restrictions were imposed on Germany. It had a huge war indemnity and her mineral-rich areas of Saar and Rhineland were occupied by France.
(ii) There was the rise of Fascism and Nazism in Italy and Germany, respectively. Both believed in the existence of the totalitarian state and opposed democracy. While Italy under Mussolini aimed at reviving the lost glory of the old Roman Empire, Germany wanted to re-establish the prestige of Germany in the international field. This could be done only by fighting wars. The Second World War thus became inevitable.
(iii) The policy of appeasement was followed by Britain and France towards Germany and Italy. This also led to the Second World War.
(iv) The League of Nations was created after the First World War to prevent future wars. The USA refused to join the League, while the powerful member nations followed the policy of appeasement and were not interested in maintaining the principle of collective responsibility.