With reference to the Two Major World wars in the 20th century, answer the following questions:
Explain briefly the territorial rearrangements as a result of World War I.
Territorial rearrangements as a result of World War I:
(i) The war marked the end of three ruling dynasties in Europe—Romanov in Russia, Hohenzollern in Germany and Hapsburg in Austria–Hungary.
(ii) The rule of the Ottoman Empire came to an end in Italy. Austria and Hungary became two separate states. Thus, monarchy in many countries collapsed.
(iii) Many independent states emerged during the War. Some of these were Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Yugoslavia.