Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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With Reference to Structural Variability and Chemical Reactivity, Write the Differences Between Lanthanoids and Actinoids - Chemistry

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With reference to structural variability and chemical reactivity, write the differences between lanthanoids and actinoids

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Solution

Lanthanoids Actinoids
Their magnetic properties can be explained easily. Their magnetic properties cannot be explained easily, as they are more complex.
Except promethium, they are non-radioactive They are radioactive
Besides +3 oxidation state, they show +2 and +4 oxidation states only in few cases. Besides +3 oxidation state, they show higher oxidation states of +4, +5, +6, +7 also.
Lanthanoid compounds are less basic Actinoid compounds are more basic.
Concept: F-block Elements - The Actinoids
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