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With the help of one example, explain the phenomena of co-dominance and multiple allelism in human population. - Biology

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With the help of one example, explain the phenomena of co-dominance and multiple allelism in human population.

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Solution

Codominance: When both alleles of a pair are fully expressed in a heterozygote, the genes and trait are said to be codominant. Example: A person of blood group AB is an example of codominance where allele IA for A-type blood is codominant with its allele IB for B-type blood. The heterozygote (IAIB) expresses the characteristics of both A and B antigens.

Multiple allelism: It is a phenomenon which occurs when more than two alleles exist at a given locus of a chromosome. In a given individual, only two of these alleles occur, one derived from each parent. Example: The ABO blood typing in humans is an example of multiple allelism where alleles IA, IB and i produce the four phenotypes (A, B, AB and O) of blood groups.

Concept: Deviations from Mendelism - Incomplete Dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple Alleles and Inheritance of Blood Groups, Pleiotropy
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