With the Help of a Diagram Explain 'Functional Foremanship' as a Technique of Scientific Management. - Business Studies

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With the help of a diagram explain 'Functional Foremanship' as a technique of scientific management.

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Solution

Functional Foremanship

A foreman refers to the one who is in charge of workers at the operational level. He forms the link between managers and workers. According to Taylor, it is necessary to improve the performance of the foreman to improve the overall performance in the factory. Taylor observed a few qualities which a good foreman must have such as intelligence, tact, judgement and knowledge. However, he observed that no single person can have all the qualities. So, he suggested that there must be eight persons who would accomplish the work of the foreman. This technique was named Functional Foremanship. Taylor suggested that the planning and production functions should be separated from each other, each having a separate in-charge. Both production in-charge and planning in-charge, in turn, would have four personnel under them.

Four persons who work under the planning in-charge:

1) Instruction Card Clerk: Providing instructions to workers

2) Route Clerk: Determining the route to be followed in production

3) Time and Cost Clerk: Preparing sheets about time and costs so as to minimise wastage

4) Disciplinarian: To ensure that discipline is being maintained

Four persons who work under the production in-charge:

1) Speed Boss: To ensure that the task is completed in the stipulated time

2) Gang Boss: To ensure that various machines and tools are in place and ready for workers

3) Repair Boss: To ensure that tools and machines are in the proper working condition

4) Inspector: To ensure that the quality of work is up to the mark

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2014-2015 (March) Delhi Set 1

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