With the help of ciliary muscles the human eye can change its curvature and thus alter the focal length of its lens. State the changes that occur in the curvature and focal length of the eye lens while viewing (a) a distance object, (b) nearby objects.
(a) When we see distant object, the ciliary muscles relax/expand to decrease the curvature and there by increase the focal length of the lens. Hence, the lens becomes thin. This enables us to see the distant object clearly. Thus, the focal length of the eye lens increases while seeing distant objects.
(b) To see the nearby objects clearly, the focal length of the lens should be shorter. For this, the ciliary muscles contract to increase the curvature and thereby decrease the focal length of the lens. Hence, the lens becomes thick. This enables you to see the nearby objects clearly.
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