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Why does nitrogen show catenation properties less than phosphorus? - Chemistry

Why does nitrogen show catenation properties less than phosphorus?

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Solution

Catenation is much more common in phosphorous compounds than in nitrogen compounds. This is because of the relative weakness of the N−N single bond as compared to the P−P single bond. Since nitrogen atom is smaller, there is greater repulsion of electron density of two nitrogen atoms, thereby weakening the N−N single bond.

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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Textbook
Chapter 7 The p-block Elements
Q 14 | Page 207
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