Why did Mahatma Gandhiji decide to launch a nationwide satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act? Explain any three reasons.
Gandhiji decided to launch nationwide satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act in 1919 because of the following reasons:
- The success of satyagraha movement in regions like Champaran, Kheda and Ahmedabad had prepared the ground for nationwide satyagraha.
- The terms and conditions of Rowlatt Act were obnoxious as they were violative of civil rights of Indians.
- Jallianwala Bagh massacre was an inhuman and barbarous tragedy.
- The Khilafat issue had brought in the opportunity of binding Hindus and Muslims.
Concept: Nationalism in India - Impact of First World War, Khilafat, Non- Cooperation
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