Answer in Brief
Why did Indian people participate in the national movement in great numbers?
Why a large number of Indians joined the national movement.
- India was a colony of the British during wartime. England started exploiting their colonies to meet the needs of war.
- During wartime, England felt an increasing need for manpower and money. Therefore, the
British Government began recruiting army personnel from India.
- At times the recruitment was enforced on Indians.
- Extra taxes were levied on Indians for raising funds. Taxes on trade and industries were
- During the war period prices of essential commodities went up. Indians suffered from the problems of inflation, hike in prices, increasing unemployment caused by the industrial recession.
- Indians could see that the exploitative rule of the British was responsible for this miserable state of affairs.
- Hence, Indians from all strata of society, workers, farmers, and the middle class joined in large numbers in the national movements against the British rule.
Concept: Impact of the World Wars on India
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